Phrasebook

en At the restaurant 4   »   fa ‫در رستوران 4‬

32 [thirty-two]

At the restaurant 4

At the restaurant 4

‫32 [سی و دو]‬

32 [see-o-do]

‫در رستوران 4‬

[dar resturân 4]

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I’d like chips / French fries (am.) with ketchup. ‫-ک-پر- --ب ز--نی -رخ-ک-----ا-کچا-.‬ ‫__ پ__ س__ ز____ س__ ک___ ب_ ک_____ ‫-ک پ-س س-ب ز-ی-ی س-خ ک-د- ب- ک-ا-.- ------------------------------------ ‫یک پرس سیب زمینی سرخ کرده با کچاپ.‬ 0
y-- p--- sibe-z-mi-----s--k- -arde--- k-c--b. y__ p___ s___ z_______ s____ k____ b_ k______ y-k p-r- s-b- z-m-n--- s-r-h k-r-e b- k-c-â-. --------------------------------------------- yek pors sibe zamini-e sorkh karde bâ kechâb.
And two with mayonnaise. ‫--دو--ر----- -مینی---خ-ک--ه--ا سس-م-ی--ز-‬ ‫_ د_ پ__ س__ ز____ س__ ک___ ب_ س_ م_______ ‫- د- پ-س س-ب ز-ی-ی س-خ ک-د- ب- س- م-ی-ن-.- ------------------------------------------- ‫و دو پرس سیب زمینی سرخ کرده با سس مایونز.‬ 0
va-----ors----- za-----e---r----ar-e b- -o-- -ây--ez. v_ d_ p___ s___ z_______ s____ k____ b_ s___ m_______ v- d- p-r- s-b- z-m-n--- s-r-h k-r-e b- s-s- m-y-n-z- ----------------------------------------------------- va do pors sibe zamini-e sorkh karde bâ sose mâyonez.
And three sausages with mustard. ‫و -- -رس --سی- سرخ--رده -ا-خرد-.‬ ‫_ س_ پ__ س____ س__ ک___ ب_ خ_____ ‫- س- پ-س س-س-س س-خ ک-د- ب- خ-د-.- ---------------------------------- ‫و سه پرس سوسیس سرخ کرده با خردل.‬ 0
va-s- p-r--susi-----rk- k-rd---â kh-rda-. v_ s_ p___ s_____ s____ k____ b_ k_______ v- s- p-r- s-s-s- s-r-h k-r-e b- k-a-d-l- ----------------------------------------- va se pors susise sorkh karde bâ khardal.
What vegetables do you have? ‫---ن-ع -بزی دارید؟‬ ‫__ ن__ س___ د______ ‫-ه ن-ع س-ز- د-ر-د-‬ -------------------- ‫چه نوع سبزی دارید؟‬ 0
c-- -o-s--zi dâr-d? c__ n_ s____ d_____ c-e n- s-b-i d-r-d- ------------------- che no sabzi dârid?
Do you have beans? ‫لوبی--دارید؟‬ ‫_____ د______ ‫-و-ی- د-ر-د-‬ -------------- ‫لوبیا دارید؟‬ 0
lub-â d--id? l____ d_____ l-b-â d-r-d- ------------ lubiâ dârid?
Do you have cauliflower? ‫-ل-کل- دا--د؟‬ ‫__ ک__ د______ ‫-ل ک-م د-ر-د-‬ --------------- ‫گل کلم دارید؟‬ 0
g---k-----dâ-i-? g________ d_____ g-l-k-l-m d-r-d- ---------------- gol-kalam dârid?
I like to eat (sweet) corn. ‫من دو------م-ذر- -خورم.‬ ‫__ د___ د___ ذ__ ب______ ‫-ن د-س- د-ر- ذ-ت ب-و-م-‬ ------------------------- ‫من دوست دارم ذرت بخورم.‬ 0
ma- --o-t -â-am-z-r---------oram. m__ d____ d____ z______ b________ m-n d-o-t d-r-m z-r-r-t b-k-o-a-. --------------------------------- man doost dâram zor-rat bokhoram.
I like to eat cucumber. ‫م- دوست -ارم-خ-ا- ب-ور--‬ ‫__ د___ د___ خ___ ب______ ‫-ن د-س- د-ر- خ-ا- ب-و-م-‬ -------------------------- ‫من دوست دارم خیار بخورم.‬ 0
ma--d-ost d-r---kh-â- b-kh-ram. m__ d____ d____ k____ b________ m-n d-o-t d-r-m k-i-r b-k-o-a-. ------------------------------- man doost dâram khiâr bokhoram.
I like to eat tomatoes. ‫-ن----ت---ر----ج- فرنگی بخورم.‬ ‫__ د___ د___ گ___ ف____ ب______ ‫-ن د-س- د-ر- گ-ج- ف-ن-ی ب-و-م-‬ -------------------------------- ‫من دوست دارم گوجه فرنگی بخورم.‬ 0
man -o-st-dâr-- -----fa----i--ok-----. m__ d____ d____ g___ f______ b________ m-n d-o-t d-r-m g-j- f-r-n-i b-k-o-a-. -------------------------------------- man doost dâram goje farangi bokhoram.
Do you also like to eat leek? ‫پ-ازچه دو-ت--ارید-‬ ‫______ د___ د______ ‫-ی-ز-ه د-س- د-ر-د-‬ -------------------- ‫پیازچه دوست دارید؟‬ 0
pi--che -o--t ----d ---h---d? p______ d____ d____ b________ p-â-c-e d-o-t d-r-d b-k-o-i-? ----------------------------- piâzche doost dârid bokhorid?
Do you also like to eat sauerkraut? ‫-ر-- --- دو-ت--ارید؟‬ ‫____ ک__ د___ د______ ‫-ر-ی ک-م د-س- د-ر-د-‬ ---------------------- ‫ترشی کلم دوست دارید؟‬ 0
t--sh---e k---m---ost----id-b---o-id? t________ k____ d____ d____ b________ t-r-h---e k-l-m d-o-t d-r-d b-k-o-i-? ------------------------------------- torshi-ye kalam doost dârid bokhorid?
Do you also like to eat lentils? ‫-د--دو-- د-ری--‬ ‫___ د___ د______ ‫-د- د-س- د-ر-د-‬ ----------------- ‫عدس دوست دارید؟‬ 0
a--- d-os- dâ-i--b-k-----? a___ d____ d____ b________ a-a- d-o-t d-r-d b-k-o-i-? -------------------------- adas doost dârid bokhorid?
Do you also like to eat carrots? ‫--یج-دوس---اری-‬ ‫____ د___ د_____ ‫-و-ج د-س- د-ر-؟- ----------------- ‫هویج دوست داری؟‬ 0
havij--oost-d--i -ok-ori? h____ d____ d___ b_______ h-v-j d-o-t d-r- b-k-o-i- ------------------------- havij doost dâri bokhori?
Do you also like to eat broccoli? ‫-ر--لی دوس--دار--‬ ‫______ د___ د_____ ‫-ر-ک-ی د-س- د-ر-؟- ------------------- ‫بروکلی دوست داری؟‬ 0
b--o-li-d-os--d--- -o-h---? b______ d____ d___ b_______ b-r-k-i d-o-t d-r- b-k-o-i- --------------------------- burokli doost dâri bokhori?
Do you also like to eat peppers? ‫فلف- ------ت-د-ر-؟‬ ‫____ ه_ د___ د_____ ‫-ل-ل ه- د-س- د-ر-؟- -------------------- ‫فلفل هم دوست داری؟‬ 0
fe---l-e -a----o--- ---i ---hor-? f_______ s___ d____ d___ b_______ f-l-e--- s-b- d-o-t d-r- b-k-o-i- --------------------------------- felfel-e sabz doost dâri bokhori?
I don’t like onions. ‫-ن--یا- -و-ت--دا--.‬ ‫__ پ___ د___ ن______ ‫-ن پ-ا- د-س- ن-ا-م-‬ --------------------- ‫من پیاز دوست ندارم.‬ 0
ma- piâz ---s-------a-. m__ p___ d____ n_______ m-n p-â- d-o-t n-d-r-m- ----------------------- man piâz doost nadâram.
I don’t like olives. ‫-- -یت-ن-د--ت --ارم-‬ ‫__ ز____ د___ ن______ ‫-ن ز-ت-ن د-س- ن-ا-م-‬ ---------------------- ‫من زیتون دوست ندارم.‬ 0
m-- az--ytu- --os----ne-i-â--d. m__ a_ z____ k______ n_________ m-n a- z-t-n k-o-h-m n-m---y-d- ------------------------------- man az zytun khosham nemi-âyad.
I don’t like mushrooms. ‫-ن -ا----وست-ن-ا-م-‬ ‫__ ق___ د___ ن______ ‫-ن ق-ر- د-س- ن-ا-م-‬ --------------------- ‫من قارچ دوست ندارم.‬ 0
m----- gh-r-h -h--ha-------â-a-. m__ a_ g_____ k______ n_________ m-n a- g-â-c- k-o-h-m n-m---y-d- -------------------------------- man az ghârch khosham nemi-âyad.

Tonal Languages

Most of all the languages spoken worldwide are tonal languages. With tonal languages, the pitch of the tones is crucial. They determine what meaning words or syllables have. Thus, the tone belongs firmly to the word. Most of the languages spoken in Asia are tonal languages. For example, Chinese, Thai and Vietnamese. There are also various tonal languages in Africa. Many indigenous languages in America are tonal languages as well. Indo-European languages mostly contain only tonal elements. This applies to Swedish or Serbian, for example. The number of tone pitches is varied in individual languages. Four different tones are distinguishable in Chinese. With this, the syllable ma can have four meanings. They are mother, hemp, horse and to rant . Interestingly, tonal languages also impact our hearing. Studies on absolute hearing have shown this. Absolute hearing is the ability to identify heard tones accurately. Absolute hearing occurs very rarely in Europe and North America. Fewer than 1 in 10,000 people have it. It's different with native speakers of Chinese. Here, 9 times as many people have this special ability. We all had absolute hearing when we were infants. We used it to learn to speak correctly. Unfortunately, most people lose it later on. The pitch of tones is also important in music. This is especially true for cultures that speak a tonal language. They must adhere to the melody very precisely. Otherwise a beautiful love song comes out as an absurd song!
Did you know?
Punjabi is counted among the Indo-Iranian languages. It is spoken natively by 130 million people. The majority of those people live in Pakistan. However, it is also spoken in the Indian state of Punjab. Punjabi is hardly ever used as a written language in Pakistan. It is different in India because there the language holds an official status. Punjabi is written in its own script. It also has a very long literary tradition. Texts have been found that are almost 1000 years old. Punjabi is also very interesting from a phonological point of view. This is because it is a tonal language. In tonal languages, the pitch of the accented syllable changes their meaning. In Punjabi, the accented syllable can take on three different pitches. That is very unusual for Indo-European languages. That makes Punjabi that much more appealing!