Phrasebook

en Adjectives 2   »   ad ПлъышъуацIэхэр 2

79 [seventy-nine]

Adjectives 2

Adjectives 2

79 [тIокIищрэ пшIыкIубгъурэ]

79 [tIokIishhrje pshIykIubgurje]

ПлъышъуацIэхэр 2

[PlyshuacIjehjer 2]

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I am wearing a blue dress. Д---э ш---ан----сщ-гъ Джэнэ шхъуантIэ сщыгъ Д-э-э ш-ъ-а-т-э с-ы-ъ --------------------- Джэнэ шхъуантIэ сщыгъ 0
Dzhj-nj--sh-ua-tIj--s-hh-g Dzhjenje shhuantIje sshhyg D-h-e-j- s-h-a-t-j- s-h-y- -------------------------- Dzhjenje shhuantIje sshhyg
I am wearing a red dress. Д--нэ-п-ъ-жь---ыгъ Джэнэ плъыжь сщыгъ Д-э-э п-ъ-ж- с-ы-ъ ------------------ Джэнэ плъыжь сщыгъ 0
D-hje----pl-zh---sh-yg Dzhjenje plyzh' sshhyg D-h-e-j- p-y-h- s-h-y- ---------------------- Dzhjenje plyzh' sshhyg
I am wearing a green dress. Джэнэ--ц--ъо----гъ Джэнэ уцышъо сщыгъ Д-э-э у-ы-ъ- с-ы-ъ ------------------ Джэнэ уцышъо сщыгъ 0
D-h---je-uc-----s-h-yg Dzhjenje ucysho sshhyg D-h-e-j- u-y-h- s-h-y- ---------------------- Dzhjenje ucysho sshhyg
I’m buying a black bag. Iал-мэ-- --у---р---щэфы. Iалъмэкъ шIуцIэр сэщэфы. I-л-м-к- ш-у-I-р с-щ-ф-. ------------------------ Iалъмэкъ шIуцIэр сэщэфы. 0
Ial-j----hI--I-e- sjes---e-y. Ialmjek shIucIjer sjeshhjefy. I-l-j-k s-I-c-j-r s-e-h-j-f-. ----------------------------- Ialmjek shIucIjer sjeshhjefy.
I’m buying a brown bag. Iа-ъ-----хьаплъы- -эщ-фы. Iалъмэкъ хьаплъыр сэщэфы. I-л-м-к- х-а-л-ы- с-щ-ф-. ------------------------- Iалъмэкъ хьаплъыр сэщэфы. 0
Ia-m--k--'aply- s-e-h--ef-. Ialmjek h'aplyr sjeshhjefy. I-l-j-k h-a-l-r s-e-h-j-f-. --------------------------- Ialmjek h'aplyr sjeshhjefy.
I’m buying a white bag. Iа-ъ---ъ----ь-р сэщ-фы. Iалъмэкъ фыжьыр сэщэфы. I-л-м-к- ф-ж-ы- с-щ-ф-. ----------------------- Iалъмэкъ фыжьыр сэщэфы. 0
I-lmj-k-f---'----je----e--. Ialmjek fyzh'yr sjeshhjefy. I-l-j-k f-z-'-r s-e-h-j-f-. --------------------------- Ialmjek fyzh'yr sjeshhjefy.
I need a new car. М---на-I- -ищык-агъ. МашинакIэ сищыкIагъ. М-ш-н-к-э с-щ-к-а-ъ- -------------------- МашинакIэ сищыкIагъ. 0
M-s---a------i-hhyk---. MashinakIje sishhykIag. M-s-i-a-I-e s-s-h-k-a-. ----------------------- MashinakIje sishhykIag.
I need a fast car. Маши----сынкIэ --щ-кIаг-. Машинэ псынкIэ сищыкIагъ. М-ш-н- п-ы-к-э с-щ-к-а-ъ- ------------------------- Машинэ псынкIэ сищыкIагъ. 0
M------e p---kIje -i-h--kIa-. Mashinje psynkIje sishhykIag. M-s-i-j- p-y-k-j- s-s-h-k-a-. ----------------------------- Mashinje psynkIje sishhykIag.
I need a comfortable car. М-ш-----у---ф--и-ык-а--. Машинэ гупсэф сищыкIагъ. М-ш-н- г-п-э- с-щ-к-а-ъ- ------------------------ Машинэ гупсэф сищыкIагъ. 0
Mashinje g---j-f----hh--Iag. Mashinje gupsjef sishhykIag. M-s-i-j- g-p-j-f s-s-h-k-a-. ---------------------------- Mashinje gupsjef sishhykIag.
An old lady lives at the top. Бз-л-фы--э-х---о----- ы---------- --с. Бзылъфыгъэ хэкIотагъэ ышъхьагъкIэ тес. Б-ы-ъ-ы-ъ- х-к-о-а-ъ- ы-ъ-ь-г-к-э т-с- -------------------------------------- Бзылъфыгъэ хэкIотагъэ ышъхьагъкIэ тес. 0
B-y-f-gj--hje--otagj--ys---ag--je-t-s. Bzylfygje hjekIotagje yshh'agkIje tes. B-y-f-g-e h-e-I-t-g-e y-h-'-g-I-e t-s- -------------------------------------- Bzylfygje hjekIotagje yshh'agkIje tes.
A fat lady lives at the top. Б-ы-ъфы--- пщ---ыш-х--г---- т-с. Бзылъфыгъэ пщэр ышъхьагъкIэ тес. Б-ы-ъ-ы-ъ- п-э- ы-ъ-ь-г-к-э т-с- -------------------------------- Бзылъфыгъэ пщэр ышъхьагъкIэ тес. 0
Bz--f--j- -s-h-er --hh'-g------es. Bzylfygje pshhjer yshh'agkIje tes. B-y-f-g-e p-h-j-r y-h-'-g-I-e t-s- ---------------------------------- Bzylfygje pshhjer yshh'agkIje tes.
A curious lady lives below. Бзылъф---- --хэз--ы--фалI--ычIэ--к---ч--с. Бзылъфыгъэ зэхэзыхын фалIэ ычIэгъкIэ чIэс. Б-ы-ъ-ы-ъ- з-х-з-х-н ф-л-э ы-I-г-к-э ч-э-. ------------------------------------------ Бзылъфыгъэ зэхэзыхын фалIэ ычIэгъкIэ чIэс. 0
B---fy-je -je----y--- --l-j- ych-je-kI-- -hIj-s. Bzylfygje zjehjezyhyn falIje ychIjegkIje chIjes. B-y-f-g-e z-e-j-z-h-n f-l-j- y-h-j-g-I-e c-I-e-. ------------------------------------------------ Bzylfygje zjehjezyhyn falIje ychIjegkIje chIjes.
Our guests were nice people. ЦI-- -о--х-р т-хь--I---эх. ЦIыф гохьхэр тихьэкIагъэх. Ц-ы- г-х-х-р т-х-э-I-г-э-. -------------------------- ЦIыф гохьхэр тихьэкIагъэх. 0
CI---go-'-j---t-h-jek-a----. CIyf goh'hjer tih'jekIagjeh. C-y- g-h-h-e- t-h-j-k-a-j-h- ---------------------------- CIyf goh'hjer tih'jekIagjeh.
Our guests were polite people. Ц--ф---х--к-а-э-----их-экIаг---. ЦIыф шъхьэкIафэхэр тихьэкIагъэх. Ц-ы- ш-х-э-I-ф-х-р т-х-э-I-г-э-. -------------------------------- ЦIыф шъхьэкIафэхэр тихьэкIагъэх. 0
CIy------------je-j-r---h'-----gj--. CIyf shh'jekIafjehjer tih'jekIagjeh. C-y- s-h-j-k-a-j-h-e- t-h-j-k-a-j-h- ------------------------------------ CIyf shh'jekIafjehjer tih'jekIagjeh.
Our guests were interesting people. ЦIыф --э-I-гъ-н-э--тихь--I-г--х. ЦIыф гъэшIэгъонхэр тихьэкIагъэх. Ц-ы- г-э-I-г-о-х-р т-х-э-I-г-э-. -------------------------------- ЦIыф гъэшIэгъонхэр тихьэкIагъэх. 0
C--f---e--Ij-g-nhjer-----jekIa----. CIyf gjeshIjegonhjer tih'jekIagjeh. C-y- g-e-h-j-g-n-j-r t-h-j-k-a-j-h- ----------------------------------- CIyf gjeshIjegonhjer tih'jekIagjeh.
I have lovely children. Сэ -Iэлэц-ык-у д---ух-р -и--х. Сэ кIэлэцIыкIу дэгъухэр сиIэх. С- к-э-э-I-к-у д-г-у-э- с-I-х- ------------------------------ Сэ кIэлэцIыкIу дэгъухэр сиIэх. 0
Sje---jelj-cI-k-- d-e--h-er--iIj-h. Sje kIjeljecIykIu djeguhjer siIjeh. S-e k-j-l-e-I-k-u d-e-u-j-r s-I-e-. ----------------------------------- Sje kIjeljecIykIu djeguhjer siIjeh.
But the neighbours have naughty children. Ау с--ъ-нэг--мэ-як---э---кI-х-р----ы-. Ау сигъунэгъумэ якIэлэцIыкIухэр дысых. А- с-г-у-э-ъ-м- я-I-л-ц-ы-I-х-р д-с-х- -------------------------------------- Ау сигъунэгъумэ якIэлэцIыкIухэр дысых. 0
A- sig---e--m-----k---l--cIyk--h-er d-s--. Au sigunjegumje jakIjeljecIykIuhjer dysyh. A- s-g-n-e-u-j- j-k-j-l-e-I-k-u-j-r d-s-h- ------------------------------------------ Au sigunjegumje jakIjeljecIykIuhjer dysyh.
Are your children well behaved? Ш-у-кIэ-эц--кIух-- Iоры--э-а? ШъуикIэлэцIыкIухэр IорышIэха? Ш-у-к-э-э-I-к-у-э- I-р-ш-э-а- ----------------------------- ШъуикIэлэцIыкIухэр IорышIэха? 0
S--i-I-elj-c-y------- --rysh--e-a? ShuikIjeljecIykIuhjer IoryshIjeha? S-u-k-j-l-e-I-k-u-j-r I-r-s-I-e-a- ---------------------------------- ShuikIjeljecIykIuhjer IoryshIjeha?

One language, many varieties

Even if we only speak one language, we speak many languages. For no language is a self-contained system. Every language shows many different dimensions. Language is a living system. Speakers always orient themselves towards their conversation partners. Therefore, people vary the language they speak. These varieties appear in various forms. For example, every language has a history. It has changed and will continue to change. This can be recognized in the fact that old people speak differently than young people. There are also various dialects in most languages. However, many dialect speakers can adapt to their environment. In certain situations they speak the standard language. Different social groups have different languages. Youth language or hunter's jargon are examples of this. Most people speak differently at work than they do at home. Many also use a professional jargon at work. Differences also appear in spoken and written language. Spoken language is typically much simpler than written. The difference can be quite large. This is the case when written languages don't change for a long time. Speakers then must learn to use the language in written form first. The language of women and men is often different as well. This difference isn't that great in western societies. But there are countries in which women speak very differently from men. In some cultures, politeness has its own linguistic form. Speaking is therefore not at all so easy! We have to pay attention to many different things at the same time…