Phrasebook

en Past tense 4   »   ad БлэкIыгъэ шъуашэр 4

84 [eighty-four]

Past tense 4

Past tense 4

84 [тIокIиплIырэ плIырэ]

84 [tIokIiplIyrje plIyrje]

БлэкIыгъэ шъуашэр 4

[BljekIygje shuashjer 4]

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to read е-жэн е____ е-ж-н ----- еджэн 0
ed---en e______ e-z-j-n ------- edzhjen
I read. С- з-жы--э. С_ з_______ С- з-ж-г-э- ----------- Сэ зджыгъэ. 0
S-e z---y-j-. S__ z________ S-e z-z-y-j-. ------------- Sje zdzhygje.
I read the whole novel. Сэ--о--ны- --р-----у --жы---. С_ р______ з________ з_______ С- р-м-н-р з-р-п-э-у з-ж-г-э- ----------------------------- Сэ романыр зэрэпсэоу зджыгъэ. 0
S-- -om--yr -je-je--jeou-zdzh-gj-. S__ r______ z___________ z________ S-e r-m-n-r z-e-j-p-j-o- z-z-y-j-. ---------------------------------- Sje romanyr zjerjepsjeou zdzhygje.
to understand г-р---н г______ г-р-I-н ------- гурыIон 0
g---Ion g______ g-r-I-n ------- guryIon
I understood. Сэ-къы-гур----гъ. С_ к_____________ С- к-ы-г-р-I-а-ъ- ----------------- Сэ къызгурыIуагъ. 0
Sj--ky--u--Iuag. S__ k___________ S-e k-z-u-y-u-g- ---------------- Sje kyzguryIuag.
I understood the whole text. С----ы---- (те-ст-р) -----с-оу к--------уа-ъ. С_ т______ (________ з________ к_____________ С- т-ы-ъ-р (-е-с-ы-) з-р-п-э-у к-ы-г-р-I-а-ъ- --------------------------------------------- Сэ тхыгъэр (текстыр) зэрэпсэоу къызгурыIуагъ. 0
S-e--hy--er----k-t-r----e-je--jeou ky-g-r--ua-. S__ t______ (________ z___________ k___________ S-e t-y-j-r (-e-s-y-) z-e-j-p-j-o- k-z-u-y-u-g- ----------------------------------------------- Sje thygjer (tekstyr) zjerjepsjeou kyzguryIuag.
to answer Джэ-а---т-н Д_____ е___ Д-э-а- е-ы- ----------- Джэуап етын 0
Dz----a- -t-n D_______ e___ D-h-e-a- e-y- ------------- Dzhjeuap etyn
I answered. Сэ -ж---п-естыгъ. С_ д_____ е______ С- д-э-а- е-т-г-. ----------------- Сэ джэуап естыгъ. 0
S-- --h-e-ap e-t-g. S__ d_______ e_____ S-e d-h-e-a- e-t-g- ------------------- Sje dzhjeuap estyg.
I answered all the questions. С---п-Iэ-э- з-кIэ-------ап-яс-ы--. С_ у_______ з_____ я______ я______ С- у-ч-э-э- з-к-э- я-ж-у-п я-т-г-. ---------------------------------- Сэ упчIэхэм зэкIэм яджэуап ястыгъ. 0
S---up-h-je---m --e-I--------hje--p j-s-y-. S__ u__________ z_______ j_________ j______ S-e u-c-I-e-j-m z-e-I-e- j-d-h-e-a- j-s-y-. ------------------------------------------- Sje upchIjehjem zjekIjem jadzhjeuap jastyg.
I know that – I knew that. С--а- с---э----э -р сшIэ-ты---. С_ а_ с____ – с_ а_ с__________ С- а- с-ш-э – с- а- с-I-щ-ы-ъ-. ------------------------------- Сэ ар сэшIэ – сэ ар сшIэщтыгъэ. 0
S-e ar sj-s-I-e – s-- ar ss-Ij---h-yg--. S__ a_ s_______ – s__ a_ s______________ S-e a- s-e-h-j- – s-e a- s-h-j-s-h-y-j-. ---------------------------------------- Sje ar sjeshIje – sje ar sshIjeshhtygje.
I write that – I wrote that. С---р----х--- ар-ст---ъ-. С_ а_ с____ – а_ с_______ С- а- с-т-ы – а- с-х-г-э- ------------------------- Сэ ар сэтхы – ар стхыгъэ. 0
Sj---r sj-thy - a---th-g-e. S__ a_ s_____ – a_ s_______ S-e a- s-e-h- – a- s-h-g-e- --------------------------- Sje ar sjethy – ar sthygje.
I hear that – I heard that. Сэ -----х-с-хы ---р зэх-схы-ъ. С_ а_ з_______ – а_ з_________ С- а- з-х-с-х- – а- з-х-с-ы-ъ- ------------------------------ Сэ ар зэхэсэхы – ар зэхэсхыгъ. 0
S-e a- -j---e----- ---r -jeh--sh-g. S__ a_ z__________ – a_ z__________ S-e a- z-e-j-s-e-y – a- z-e-j-s-y-. ----------------------------------- Sje ar zjehjesjehy – ar zjehjeshyg.
I’ll get it – I got it. С---р ----э-- сэ ар сшта-ъ-. С_ а_ с____ – с_ а_ с_______ С- а- с-ш-э – с- а- с-т-г-э- ---------------------------- Сэ ар сэштэ – сэ ар сштагъэ. 0
Sj--a- sj-s---e – -j--a--s--t--j-. S__ a_ s_______ – s__ a_ s________ S-e a- s-e-h-j- – s-e a- s-h-a-j-. ---------------------------------- Sje ar sjeshtje – sje ar sshtagje.
I’ll bring that – I brought that. Сэ -р с-хьы-–-с- -р ----хь---. С_ а_ с____ – с_ а_ к_________ С- а- с-х-ы – с- а- к-э-х-ы-ъ- ------------------------------ Сэ ар сэхьы – сэ ар къэсхьыгъ. 0
Sj- ----j-------sje--- kjes-'--. S__ a_ s_____ – s__ a_ k________ S-e a- s-e-'- – s-e a- k-e-h-y-. -------------------------------- Sje ar sjeh'y – sje ar kjesh'yg.
I’ll buy that – I bought that. Сэ -р --щ--ы ---э ---сщ-----э. С_ а_ с_____ – с_ а_ с________ С- а- с-щ-ф- – с- а- с-э-ы-ъ-. ------------------------------ Сэ ар сэщэфы – сэ ар сщэфыгъэ. 0
S-e-ar sje-h-jefy –-s----- --h--ef-g-e. S__ a_ s_________ – s__ a_ s___________ S-e a- s-e-h-j-f- – s-e a- s-h-j-f-g-e- --------------------------------------- Sje ar sjeshhjefy – sje ar sshhjefygje.
I expect that – I expected that. С- ---с--э----э -щ--е-а--. С_ а_ с___ – с_ а_ с______ С- а- с-ж- – с- а- с-ж-г-. -------------------------- Сэ ащ сежэ – сэ ащ сежагъ. 0
Sj- a-h-----h-- –-sj- a--h ---hag. S__ a___ s_____ – s__ a___ s______ S-e a-h- s-z-j- – s-e a-h- s-z-a-. ---------------------------------- Sje ashh sezhje – sje ashh sezhag.
I’ll explain that – I explained that. Сэ-а- гу----гъ--- -----а- гур--г----а-ъ. С_ а_ г__________ – с_ а_ г_____________ С- а- г-р-с-г-а-о – с- а- г-р-з-ъ-I-а-ъ- ---------------------------------------- Сэ ар гурысэгъаIо – сэ ар гурызгъэIуагъ. 0
S-- -r-gurysje-a-o –-sje--r-gu---gje-u-g. S__ a_ g__________ – s__ a_ g____________ S-e a- g-r-s-e-a-o – s-e a- g-r-z-j-I-a-. ----------------------------------------- Sje ar gurysjegaIo – sje ar guryzgjeIuag.
I know that – I knew that. С---р--эшI--– ар-сшIэ-т-г-. С_ а_ с____ – а_ с_________ С- а- с-ш-э – а- с-I-щ-ы-ъ- --------------------------- Сэ ар сэшIэ – ар сшIэщтыгъ. 0
Sj- a- -jesh--e-– ar --h-je----y-. S__ a_ s_______ – a_ s____________ S-e a- s-e-h-j- – a- s-h-j-s-h-y-. ---------------------------------- Sje ar sjeshIje – ar sshIjeshhtyg.

Negative words aren't translated into the native language

When reading, multilinguals translate subconsciously into their native language. This happens automatically; that is, the readers do it without realizing. It could be said that the brain functions like a simultaneous translator. But it doesn't translate everything! One study has shown that the brain has a built-in filter. This filter decides what gets translated. And it appears that the filter ignores certain words. Negative words aren't translated into the native language. Researchers selected native speakers of Chinese for their experiment. All test subjects spoke English as their second language. The test subjects had to rate various English words. These words had different emotional content. There were positive, negative and neutral terms. While the test subjects read the words, their brains were examined. That is, the researchers measured the electrical brain activity. In doing so, they could see how the brain worked. Certain signals are generated during the translation of words. They indicate that the brain is active. However, the test subjects showed no activity with the negative words. Only the positive or neutral terms were translated. Researchers don't yet know why this is. Theoretically, the brain has to process all words the same. It could be, however, that the filter quickly examines each word. It is analyzed while still being read in the second language. If a word is negative, the memory is blocked. In other words, it can't think of the word in the native language. People can react very sensitively to words. Perhaps the brain wants to protect them from emotional shock…