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12 [twelve]



12 [ዓሰርተክልተ]

12 [‘aseritekilite]



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I drink tea. ኣ-----ኢየ--ሰቲ። ኣ_ ሻ_ ኢ_ ዝ___ ኣ- ሻ- ኢ- ዝ-ቲ- ------------- ኣነ ሻሂ ኢየ ዝሰቲ። 0
a---s-a---ī-e z-----። a__ s____ ī__ z______ a-e s-a-ī ī-e z-s-t-። --------------------- ane shahī īye zisetī።
I drink coffee. ኣነ ---ኢየ-ዝ--። ኣ_ ቡ_ ኢ_ ዝ___ ኣ- ቡ- ኢ- ዝ-ቲ- ------------- ኣነ ቡን ኢየ ዝሰቲ። 0
a-e b--- -ye--i--t-። a__ b___ ī__ z______ a-e b-n- ī-e z-s-t-። -------------------- ane buni īye zisetī።
I drink mineral water. ኣነ-ማ- ኢ--ዝሰ-። ኣ_ ማ_ ኢ_ ዝ___ ኣ- ማ- ኢ- ዝ-ቲ- ------------- ኣነ ማይ ኢየ ዝሰቲ። 0
an-----i-ī-e-zi-etī። a__ m___ ī__ z______ a-e m-y- ī-e z-s-t-። -------------------- ane mayi īye zisetī።
Do you drink tea with lemon? ሻሂ -ስ ለሚ- ዲኻ/ዲኺ---- ዶ? ሻ_ ም_ ለ__ ዲ____ ት__ ዶ_ ሻ- ም- ለ-ን ዲ-/-ኺ ት-ቲ ዶ- ---------------------- ሻሂ ምስ ለሚን ዲኻ/ዲኺ ትሰቲ ዶ? 0
s--hī m-s---em--i-d--̱a/dī--- t--et- -o? s____ m___ l_____ d________ t_____ d__ s-a-ī m-s- l-m-n- d-h-a-d-h-ī t-s-t- d-? ---------------------------------------- shahī misi lemīni dīẖa/dīẖī tisetī do?
Do you drink coffee with sugar? ቡ- ም- -ኮ--ት-- ዶ? ቡ_ ም_ ሹ__ ት__ ዶ_ ቡ- ም- ሹ-ር ት-ቲ ዶ- ---------------- ቡን ምስ ሹኮር ትሰቲ ዶ? 0
bu-- m-s- --u-o-i -i-etī --? b___ m___ s______ t_____ d__ b-n- m-s- s-u-o-i t-s-t- d-? ---------------------------- buni misi shukori tisetī do?
Do you drink water with ice? ማይ--ስ--ረ--ትሰ---? ማ_ ም_ በ__ ት__ ዶ_ ማ- ም- በ-ድ ት-ቲ ዶ- ---------------- ማይ ምስ በረድ ትሰቲ ዶ? 0
m--i-mi-i----e-------t--d-? m___ m___ b_____ t_____ d__ m-y- m-s- b-r-d- t-s-t- d-? --------------------------- mayi misi beredi tisetī do?
There is a party here. ኣብ---ደ-በዓ- --። ኣ__ ሓ_ በ__ ኣ__ ኣ-ዚ ሓ- በ-ል ኣ-። -------------- ኣብዚ ሓደ በዓል ኣሎ። 0
a-iz--h---------li al-። a____ ḥ___ b_____ a___ a-i-ī h-a-e b-‘-l- a-o- ----------------------- abizī ḥade be‘ali alo።
People are drinking champagne. እቶም-ሰ----ፐይ--ይ---። እ__ ሰ_ ሻ____ ይ____ እ-ም ሰ- ሻ-ፐ-ን ይ-ት-። ------------------ እቶም ሰብ ሻምፐይን ይሰትዩ። 0
i-o-- ---i -hami-e-i-- -i-eti--። i____ s___ s__________ y________ i-o-i s-b- s-a-i-e-i-i y-s-t-y-። -------------------------------- itomi sebi shamipeyini yisetiyu።
People are drinking wine and beer. እ-ም ---ነቢት- -ራ- -----ሰት-። እ__ ሰ_ ነ___ ቢ__ እ__ ዝ____ እ-ም ሰ- ነ-ት- ቢ-ን እ-ም ዝ-ት-። ------------------------- እቶም ሰብ ነቢትን ቢራን እዮም ዝሰትዩ። 0
it-mi s--i-n--ītini --ra-i----m- --s-----። i____ s___ n_______ b_____ i____ z________ i-o-i s-b- n-b-t-n- b-r-n- i-o-i z-s-t-y-። ------------------------------------------ itomi sebi nebītini bīrani iyomi zisetiyu።
Do you drink alcohol? ኣል-----ቲ--? ኣ___ ት__ ዶ_ ኣ-ኮ- ት-ቲ ዶ- ----------- ኣልኮል ትሰቲ ዶ? 0
a-iko-i -i-etī do? a______ t_____ d__ a-i-o-i t-s-t- d-? ------------------ alikoli tisetī do?
Do you drink whisky / whiskey (am.)? ዊ-ኪ ትሰቲ-ዶ? ዊ__ ት__ ዶ_ ዊ-ኪ ት-ቲ ዶ- ---------- ዊስኪ ትሰቲ ዶ? 0
wīs-kī -i-e-- --? w_____ t_____ d__ w-s-k- t-s-t- d-? ----------------- wīsikī tisetī do?
Do you drink Coke with rum? ኮላ ምስ--ም ት-ቲ--? ኮ_ ም_ ሩ_ ት__ ዶ_ ኮ- ም- ሩ- ት-ቲ ዶ- --------------- ኮላ ምስ ሩም ትሰቲ ዶ? 0
kol- -isi--umi--i-e-ī--o? k___ m___ r___ t_____ d__ k-l- m-s- r-m- t-s-t- d-? ------------------------- kola misi rumi tisetī do?
I do not like champagne. ኣ--ሻምፐይን-ኣይፈ-- --። ኣ_ ሻ____ ኣ____ እ__ ኣ- ሻ-ፐ-ን ኣ-ፈ-ን እ-። ------------------ ኣነ ሻምፐይን ኣይፈቱን እየ። 0
an- sh--i-eyi-----if-t-n----e። a__ s__________ a________ i___ a-e s-a-i-e-i-i a-i-e-u-i i-e- ------------------------------ ane shamipeyini ayifetuni iye።
I do not like wine. ኣነ ነቢት ኣይፈቱ--እ-። ኣ_ ነ__ ኣ____ እ__ ኣ- ነ-ት ኣ-ፈ-ን እ-። ---------------- ኣነ ነቢት ኣይፈቱን እየ። 0
ane ne-īti-ay---t----i--። a__ n_____ a________ i___ a-e n-b-t- a-i-e-u-i i-e- ------------------------- ane nebīti ayifetuni iye።
I do not like beer. ኣነ--ራ ---ቱን --። ኣ_ ቢ_ ኣ____ እ__ ኣ- ቢ- ኣ-ፈ-ን እ-። --------------- ኣነ ቢራ ኣይፈቱን እየ። 0
a-e--------ifet-ni ---። a__ b___ a________ i___ a-e b-r- a-i-e-u-i i-e- ----------------------- ane bīra ayifetuni iye።
The baby likes milk. እ- --ን--ባ---ፈ----ዩ። እ_ ህ__ ጸ_ ኣ____ እ__ እ- ህ-ን ጸ- ኣ-ፈ-ን እ-። ------------------- እቲ ህጻን ጸባ ኣይፈቱን እዩ። 0
it- hi----ni-t-’e-- ayif-t-n--i-u። i__ h_______ t_____ a________ i___ i-ī h-t-’-n- t-’-b- a-i-e-u-i i-u- ---------------------------------- itī hits’ani ts’eba ayifetuni iyu።
The child likes cocoa and apple juice. እቲ-ቆልዓ ካ-ዎን---ቝ--ፋ-ን ይ--። እ_ ቆ__ ካ___ ጽ_______ ይ___ እ- ቆ-ዓ ካ-ዎ- ጽ-ቝ-ቱ-ሕ- ይ-ቱ- ------------------------- እቲ ቆልዓ ካካዎን ጽማቝ-ቱፋሕን ይፈቱ። 0
i-ī-k’-l--a -a---oni---’--ak-’w----f--̣i-- yife--። i__ k______ k_______ t__________________ y______ i-ī k-o-i-a k-k-w-n- t-’-m-k-’-i-t-f-h-i-i y-f-t-። -------------------------------------------------- itī k’oli‘a kakawoni ts’imaḵ’wi-tufaḥini yifetu።
The woman likes orange and grapefruit juice. እታ ሰበይቲ ጽማ- ብርቱ-ንን -ረፕፍሩት- -ፈ-። እ_ ሰ___ ጽ__ ብ_____ ግ______ ት___ እ- ሰ-ይ- ጽ-ቝ ብ-ቱ-ን- ግ-ፕ-ሩ-ን ት-ቱ- ------------------------------- እታ ሰበይቲ ጽማቝ ብርቱኳንን ግረፕፍሩትን ትፈቱ። 0
it- -e-eyitī t----aḵ’-i---ri-u-wa-in--gi-epi-i--ti-- t-----። i__ s_______ t_________ b____________ g_____________ t______ i-a s-b-y-t- t-’-m-k-’-i b-r-t-k-a-i-i g-r-p-f-r-t-n- t-f-t-። ------------------------------------------------------------- ita sebeyitī ts’imaḵ’wi biritukwanini girepifirutini tifetu።

Signs as language

People created languages in order to communicate. Even the deaf or hard of hearing have their own language. It's sign language, the basic language of all hearing impaired people. It is made up of combined symbols. This makes it a visual language, or ‘visible’. So is sign language understood on an international level? No, even signing has different national languages. Every country has its own sign language. And it is influenced by the culture of the country. Because language always evolves from culture. This is also true with languages that aren't spoken. There is, however, an international sign language. But its signs are somewhat more complicated. Nevertheless, national sign languages do resemble one another. Many signs are iconic. They are oriented towards the form of the objects they represent. The most widely used sign language is American Sign Language. Sign languages are recognized as fully-fledged languages. They have their own grammar. But it is different from the grammar of spoken languages. As a result, sign language can't be translated word for word. There are, however, sign language interpreters. Information is simultaneously communicated with sign language. That means that a single sign can express a whole sentence. There are also dialects in sign language. Regional particularities have their own signs. And every sign language has its own intonation. It's true for signs too: Our accent reveals our origin!
Did you know?
Estonian is counted among the Finno-Ugrian languages. It is thereby related to Finnish and Hungarian. However, parallels to Hungarian are only slightly noticeable. Many think that Estonian is similar to Latvian or Lithuanian. That is completely false, however. Both of those languages belong to a completely different language family. Estonian does not have any grammatical genders. There is no differentiation between feminine and masculine. Instead there are 14 different cases. The orthography is not very difficult. It is determined by the pronunciation. This should definitely be practiced with a native speaker. If you want to learn Estonian, you need discipline and a little patience. Estonians are happy to overlook little mistakes made by foreigners. They are excited to meet anyone who is interested in their language!