en Past tense 3   »   ti ሕሉፍ 3

83 [eighty-three]

Past tense 3

Past tense 3

83 [ሰማንያንሰለስተን]

83 [semaniyaniselesiteni]

ሕሉፍ 3

[ḥilufi 3]

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to make a call ደ----ምድ-ል ደ___ ም___ ደ-ለ- ም-ዋ- --------- ደወለ፣ ምድዋል 0
dew-le---i-iwali d______ m_______ d-w-l-፣ m-d-w-l- ---------------- dewele፣ midiwali
I made a call. ኣነ-ደዊለ-ኔ-። ኣ_ ደ__ ኔ__ ኣ- ደ-ለ ኔ-። ---------- ኣነ ደዊለ ኔረ። 0
a-e-d------nē--። a__ d_____ n____ a-e d-w-l- n-r-። ---------------- ane dewīle nēre።
I was talking on the phone all the time. ብ-- -ዜ ክ-ውል --ለ። ብ__ ግ_ ክ___ ው___ ብ-ሕ ግ- ክ-ው- ው-ለ- ---------------- ብዙሕ ግዜ ክድውል ውዒለ። 0
bi-uḥi g--ē-k--iw-l---i---e። b_____ g___ k_______ w______ b-z-h-i g-z- k-d-w-l- w-‘-l-። ----------------------------- bizuḥi gizē kidiwili wi‘īle።
to ask ሓ----ቶ ሓ_____ ሓ-ተ-ሕ- ------ ሓተተ፣ሕቶ 0
ḥ--e-e፣-̣-to ḥ__________ h-a-e-e-h-i-o ------------- ḥatete፣ḥito
I asked. ሓቲተ --። ሓ__ ኔ__ ሓ-ተ ኔ-። ------- ሓቲተ ኔረ። 0
ḥ--ī-e n---። ḥ_____ n____ h-a-ī-e n-r-። ------------- ḥatīte nēre።
I always asked. ብ-- ግ- -----ረ። ብ__ ግ_ ሓ__ ኔ__ ብ-ሕ ግ- ሓ-ተ ኔ-። -------------- ብዙሕ ግዜ ሓቲተ ኔረ። 0
bizu------zē -̣at-t- n---። b_____ g___ ḥ_____ n____ b-z-h-i g-z- h-a-ī-e n-r-። -------------------------- bizuḥi gizē ḥatīte nēre።
to narrate ነገ-፣ኣ--ተ-፣ -ዝ-ታው ነ_________ ም____ ነ-ረ-ኣ-ን-ወ- ም-ን-ው ---------------- ነገረ፣ኣዘንተወ፣ ምዝንታው 0
ne---e-----i---e- mizi-it--i n________________ m_________ n-g-r-፣-z-n-t-w-፣ m-z-n-t-w- ---------------------------- negere፣azenitewe፣ mizinitawi
I narrated. ኣ- -ነ-ር-ኔ-። ኣ_ እ___ ኔ__ ኣ- እ-ግ- ኔ-። ----------- ኣን እነግር ኔረ። 0
an- -ne-----n--e። a__ i______ n____ a-i i-e-i-i n-r-። ----------------- ani inegiri nēre።
I narrated the whole story. ኣነ -- ጊዜ ታሪ---ነ-ር ኔረ። ኣ_ ኩ_ ጊ_ ታ__ እ___ ኔ__ ኣ- ኩ- ጊ- ታ-ኽ እ-ግ- ኔ-። --------------------- ኣነ ኩሉ ጊዜ ታሪኽ እነግር ኔረ። 0
an- k--u -ī-ē -arīh---in--i-i nēr-። a__ k___ g___ t_____ i______ n____ a-e k-l- g-z- t-r-h-i i-e-i-i n-r-። ----------------------------------- ane kulu gīzē tarīẖi inegiri nēre።
to study ምጽ-ዕ;----ር ም____ ም___ ም-ና-; ም-ሃ- ---------- ምጽናዕ; ምምሃር 0
m-------‘-- m---hari m__________ m_______ m-t-’-n-‘-; m-m-h-r- -------------------- mits’ina‘i; mimihari
I studied. ኣነ እመሃር ኔረ። ኣ_ እ___ ኔ__ ኣ- እ-ሃ- ኔ-። ----------- ኣነ እመሃር ኔረ። 0
a-- -m------n---። a__ i______ n____ a-e i-e-a-i n-r-። ----------------- ane imehari nēre።
I studied the whole evening. ኣነ-ም-- ምሸት--መሃ- ---። ኣ_ ም__ ም__ ክ___ ው___ ኣ- ም-እ ም-ት ክ-ሃ- ው-ለ- -------------------- ኣነ ምሉእ ምሸት ክመሃር ውዒለ። 0
a-e-m-l-’- mi---t--k-m-h-ri----īl-። a__ m_____ m______ k_______ w______ a-e m-l-’- m-s-e-i k-m-h-r- w-‘-l-። ----------------------------------- ane milu’i misheti kimehari wi‘īle።
to work ስ-ሕ፣ምስ-ሕ ስ_______ ስ-ሕ-ም-ራ- -------- ስራሕ፣ምስራሕ 0
s-r--̣--misiraḥi s______________ s-r-h-i-m-s-r-h-i ----------------- siraḥi፣misiraḥi
I worked. ኣነ --ርሕ ኔ-። ኣ_ እ___ ኔ__ ኣ- እ-ር- ኔ-። ----------- ኣነ እሰርሕ ኔረ። 0
a-- -se---̣--nēr-። a__ i______ n____ a-e i-e-i-̣- n-r-። ------------------ ane iseriḥi nēre።
I worked all day long. ኣ- ም-እ --ልቲ እ-----ረ። ኣ_ ም__ መ___ እ___ ኔ__ ኣ- ም-እ መ-ል- እ-ር- ኔ-። -------------------- ኣነ ምሉእ መዓልቲ እሰርሕ ኔረ። 0
a-- ---u’i me----tī-iser-h-i -ēr-። a__ m_____ m_______ i______ n____ a-e m-l-’- m-‘-l-t- i-e-i-̣- n-r-። ---------------------------------- ane milu’i me‘alitī iseriḥi nēre።
to eat በ--፣-ምብላዕ በ___ ም___ በ-ዐ- ም-ላ- --------- በልዐ፣ ምብላዕ 0
b-li‘ā- m--il--i b______ m_______ b-l-‘-፣ m-b-l-‘- ---------------- beli‘ā፣ mibila‘i
I ate. ኣነ--ሊዐ። ኣ_ ብ___ ኣ- ብ-ዐ- ------- ኣነ ብሊዐ። 0
an---il-‘-። a__ b______ a-e b-l-‘-። ----------- ane bilī‘ā።
I ate all the food. ኣነ---ሉኡ-እ--ምግቢ---ዐ- ። ኣ_ ብ___ እ_ ም__ በ___ ። ኣ- ብ-ሉ- እ- ም-ቢ በ-ዐ- ። --------------------- ኣነ ብምሉኡ እቲ ምግቢ በሊዐዮ ። 0
ane --m-lu’u --ī--ig--- ------y- ። a__ b_______ i__ m_____ b_______ ። a-e b-m-l-’- i-ī m-g-b- b-l-‘-y- ። ---------------------------------- ane bimilu’u itī migibī belī‘āyo ።

The history of linguistics

Languages have always fascinated mankind. The history of linguistics is therefore very long. Linguistics is the systematic study of language. Even thousands of years ago people contemplated language. In doing so, different cultures developed different systems. As a result, different descriptions of languages emerged. Today's linguistics are based on ancient theories more than anything else. Many traditions were established in Greece in particular. The oldest known work about language comes from India, however. It was written 3,000 years ago by the grammarian Sakatayana. In ancient times, philosophers like Plato busied themselves with languages. Later, Roman authors developed their theories further. Arabians, too, developed their own traditions in the 8th century. Even then, their works show precise descriptions of the Arabian language. In modern times, man particularly wanted to research where language comes from. Scholars were especially interested in the history of language. In the 18th century, people started to compare languages with each other. They wanted to understand how languages develop. Later they concentrated on languages as a system. The question of how languages function was the focal point. Today, a great number of schools of thought exist within linguistics. Many new disciplines have developed since the fifties. These were in part strongly influenced by other sciences. Examples are psycholinguistics or intercultural communication. The newer linguistic schools of thought are very specialized. One example of this is feminist linguistics. So the history of linguistics continues… As long as there are languages, man will contemplate them!