en Small Talk 3   »   ti ንዕሽቶይ ዝርርብ 3

22 [twenty-two]

Small Talk 3

Small Talk 3

22 [ዕስራንክልተን]

22 [‘isiranikiliteni]

ንዕሽቶይ ዝርርብ 3

[ni‘ishitoyi ziriribi 3]

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Do you smoke? ት--- ዲኹም? ት___ ዲ___ ት-ክ- ዲ-ም- --------- ትትክኹ ዲኹም? 0
t-tik--̱u-d---umi? t_______ d______ t-t-k-h-u d-h-u-i- ------------------ titikiẖu dīẖumi?
I used to. ቀ-- እወ። ቀ__ እ__ ቀ-ም እ-። ------- ቀደም እወ። 0
k---emi-iw-። k______ i___ k-e-e-i i-e- ------------ k’edemi iwe።
But I don’t smoke anymore. ሕጂ -ን ኣይትክኽን-እየ። ሕ_ ግ_ ኣ_____ እ__ ሕ- ግ- ኣ-ት-ኽ- እ-። ---------------- ሕጂ ግን ኣይትክኽን እየ። 0
ḥi-ī--i-- -yit--i-̱ini i-e። ḥ___ g___ a__________ i___ h-i-ī g-n- a-i-i-i-̱-n- i-e- ---------------------------- ḥijī gini ayitikiẖini iye።
Does it disturb you if I smoke? ይ-ብ--- -- -ን-----ት-- ? ይ_____ ዲ_ እ____ ኣ___ ? ይ-ብ-ኩ- ዲ- እ-ድ-ር ኣ-ኪ- ? ---------------------- ይርብሸኩም ዲየ እንድሕር ኣትኪኸ ? 0
yiribis----mi dīy- -ni---̣ir- --i-īẖ--? y____________ d___ i________ a______ ? y-r-b-s-e-u-i d-y- i-i-i-̣-r- a-i-ī-̱- ? ---------------------------------------- yiribishekumi dīye inidiḥiri atikīẖe ?
No, absolutely not. ኖ፣-ፈ---ም---ት--ሹንን። ኖ_ ፈ____ ኣ________ ኖ- ፈ-ም-ም ኣ-ት-ብ-ን-። ------------------ ኖ፣ ፈጺምኩም ኣይትርብሹንን። 0
n-- fets’---ku-----iti--bish---n-። n__ f___________ a________________ n-፣ f-t-’-m-k-m- a-i-i-i-i-h-n-n-። ---------------------------------- no፣ fets’īmikumi ayitiribishunini።
It doesn’t disturb me. እዚ-ኣይርብሸን- -ዩ። እ_ ኣ______ እ__ እ- ኣ-ር-ሸ-ን እ-። -------------- እዚ ኣይርብሸንን እዩ። 0
izī--yiri--s-e--n--i--። i__ a_____________ i___ i-ī a-i-i-i-h-n-n- i-u- ----------------------- izī ayiribishenini iyu።
Will you drink something? ገለ-ት--ዩ-? ገ_ ት___ ? ገ- ት-ት- ? --------- ገለ ትሰትዩ ? 0
gel- t-s--i-u ? g___ t_______ ? g-l- t-s-t-y- ? --------------- gele tisetiyu ?
A brandy? ሓ---ኛ-? ሓ_ ኮ___ ሓ- ኮ-ክ- ------- ሓደ ኮኛክ? 0
ḥa-e -on----? ḥ___ k_______ h-a-e k-n-a-i- -------------- ḥade konyaki?
No, preferably a beer. ኖ፣--- ይ-ይ-። ኖ_ ቢ_ ይ____ ኖ- ቢ- ይ-ይ-። ----------- ኖ፣ ቢራ ይሓይሽ። 0
no--b-------̣a--s-i። n__ b___ y_________ n-፣ b-r- y-h-a-i-h-። -------------------- no፣ bīra yiḥayishi።
Do you travel a lot? ብ-------ዲኹም? ብ__ ት__ ዲ___ ብ-ሕ ት-ሹ ዲ-ም- ------------ ብዙሕ ትገሹ ዲኹም? 0
b-zuh-i tig-s-u d--̱umi? b_____ t______ d______ b-z-h-i t-g-s-u d-h-u-i- ------------------------ bizuḥi tigeshu dīẖumi?
Yes, mostly on business trips. እወ፣-ዝ--- ግዜ -ይ -ራሕ መ---- እ-። እ__ ዝ___ ግ_ ና_ ስ__ መ____ እ__ እ-፣ ዝ-ዝ- ግ- ና- ስ-ሕ መ-ሻ-ት እ-። ---------------------------- እወ፣ ዝበዝሕ ግዜ ናይ ስራሕ መገሻታት እዩ። 0
iwe፣ -----i--i ---ē-nayi -ir---i--eg-s-atat- ---። i___ z_______ g___ n___ s_____ m__________ i___ i-e- z-b-z-h-i g-z- n-y- s-r-h-i m-g-s-a-a-i i-u- ------------------------------------------------- iwe፣ zibeziḥi gizē nayi siraḥi megeshatati iyu።
But now we’re on holiday. ሕ- ግን--ር---ኢና --ብ- ዘለና-። ሕ_ ግ_ ዕ___ ኢ_ ን___ ዘ__ ። ሕ- ግ- ዕ-ፍ- ኢ- ን-ብ- ዘ-ና ። ------------------------ ሕጂ ግን ዕርፍቲ ኢና ንገብር ዘለና ። 0
ḥi-ī g-n----r-f--ī---a nig--i-i-z-le-a-። ḥ___ g___ ‘_______ ī__ n_______ z_____ ። h-i-ī g-n- ‘-r-f-t- ī-a n-g-b-r- z-l-n- ። ----------------------------------------- ḥijī gini ‘irifitī īna nigebiri zelena ።
It’s so hot! እን---ዓይነ--ሃሩ- ዩ! እ___ ዓ___ ሃ__ ዩ_ እ-ታ- ዓ-ነ- ሃ-ር ዩ- ---------------- እንታይ ዓይነት ሃሩር ዩ! 0
i-ita-- ‘a---e-- h-rur- y-! i______ ‘_______ h_____ y__ i-i-a-i ‘-y-n-t- h-r-r- y-! --------------------------- initayi ‘ayineti haruri yu!
Yes, today it’s really hot. እ-- ሎሚ-ኣ-ዩ ሃ-- ኣሎ። እ__ ሎ_ ኣ__ ሃ__ ኣ__ እ-፣ ሎ- ኣ-ዩ ሃ-ር ኣ-። ------------------ እወ፣ ሎሚ ኣዝዩ ሃሩር ኣሎ። 0
i-e- l-mī a-iy--h-r-ri-a--። i___ l___ a____ h_____ a___ i-e- l-m- a-i-u h-r-r- a-o- --------------------------- iwe፣ lomī aziyu haruri alo።
Let’s go to the balcony. ናብ ባ-ኮን ንኺ-። ና_ ባ___ ን___ ና- ባ-ኮ- ን-ድ- ------------ ናብ ባልኮን ንኺድ። 0
n--i---l------ni-----። n___ b_______ n______ n-b- b-l-k-n- n-h-ī-i- ---------------------- nabi balikoni niẖīdi።
There’s a party here tomorrow. ጽባ- ኣብዚ--ርቲ---። ጽ__ ኣ__ ፓ__ ኣ__ ጽ-ሕ ኣ-ዚ ፓ-ቲ ኣ-። --------------- ጽባሕ ኣብዚ ፓርቲ ኣሎ። 0
ts-ib---------ī-p----ī alo። t_______ a____ p_____ a___ t-’-b-h-i a-i-ī p-r-t- a-o- --------------------------- ts’ibaḥi abizī paritī alo።
Are you also coming? ትመ--ዲ-ም? ት__ ዲ___ ት-ጹ ዲ-ም- -------- ትመጹ ዲኹም? 0
timets’- --ẖumi? t_______ d______ t-m-t-’- d-h-u-i- ----------------- timets’u dīẖumi?
Yes, we’ve also been invited. እወ፣-ንሕና‘----ዓ-ም- --። እ__ ን_____ ተ____ ኢ__ እ-፣ ን-ና-ው- ተ-ዲ-ና ኢ-። -------------------- እወ፣ ንሕና‘ውን ተዓዲምና ኢና። 0
iw-- nih-i-a‘--n--t-‘--īmin---na። i___ n__________ t_________ ī___ i-e- n-h-i-a-w-n- t-‘-d-m-n- ī-a- --------------------------------- iwe፣ niḥina‘wini te‘adīmina īna።

Language and writing

Each language is used for communication between people. When we speak, we express what we are thinking and feeling. In doing so, we don't always stick to the rules of our language. We use our own language, our vernacular. It's different in written language. Here, all the rules of our language are displayed. Writing is what enables a language to become a real language. It makes language visible. Through writing, thousands of years' worth of knowledge is passed on. This is why writing is the foundation of every sophisticated culture. The first form of writing was invented more than 5,000 years ago. It was the cuneiform writing of the Sumerians. It was carved into slabs of clay. This cuneiform was used for three hundred years. The hieroglyphics of the ancient Egyptians existed for about as long. Countless scientists have devoted their studies to it. Hieroglyphics represent a relatively complicated writing system. However, it was probably invented for a very simple reason. The Egypt of that time was a vast kingdom with many inhabitants. Everyday life and above all the economic system needed to be organized. Taxes and accounting needed to be efficiently managed. For this, the ancient Egyptians developed their graphic characters. Alphabetic writing systems, on the other hand, go back to the Sumerians. Each writing system reveals a great deal about the people who use it. Furthermore, each country shows its own characteristics through its writing. Unfortunately, the art of handwriting is disappearing. Modern technology makes it almost superfluous. So: Don't just speak, keep writing too!
Did you know?
Kannada is a member of the Dravidian language family. These languages are primarily spoken in southern India. Kannada is not related to the Indo-Aryan languages of northern India. Approximately 40 million people speak Kannada as their native language. It is recognized as one of the 22 national languages of India. Kannada is an agglutinating language. That means that grammatical functions are expressed by affixes. The language is divided into four regional dialect groups. The dialect indicates where the speakers come from. Additionally, their social class can also be identified based on their language. Spoken and written Kannada differ from one another. Like many other Indian languages, Kannada has its own writing system. It is a hybrid of alphabet and syllabic writing. It consists of many round symbols, which is typical for southern Indian writing systems. And it is really a lot of fun to learn these beautiful letters.