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12 [twelve]



12 [дванаццаць]

12 [dvanatstsats’]



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I drink tea. Я п-- г------. Я п’ю гарбату. 0
Y- p’y- g------. Ya p--- g------. Ya p’yu garbatu. Y- p’y- g-r-a-u. ----’----------.
I drink coffee. Я п-- к---. Я п’ю каву. 0
Y- p’y- k---. Ya p--- k---. Ya p’yu kavu. Y- p’y- k-v-. ----’-------.
I drink mineral water. Я п-- м---------- в---. Я п’ю мінеральную ваду. 0
Y- p’y- m------’n--- v---. Ya p--- m----------- v---. Ya p’yu mіneral’nuyu vadu. Y- p’y- m-n-r-l’n-y- v-d-. ----’----------’---------.
Do you drink tea with lemon? Ты п--- г------ з л------? Ты п’еш гарбату з лімонам? 0
T- p’e-- g------ z l------? Ty p---- g------ z l------? Ty p’esh garbatu z lіmonam? T- p’e-h g-r-a-u z l-m-n-m? ----’---------------------?
Do you drink coffee with sugar? Ты п--- к--- з ц-----? Ты п’еш каву з цукрам? 0
T- p’e-- k--- z t------? Ty p---- k--- z t------? Ty p’esh kavu z tsukram? T- p’e-h k-v- z t-u-r-m? ----’------------------?
Do you drink water with ice? Ты п--- в--- з л----? Ты п’еш ваду з лёдам? 0
T- p’e-- v--- z l----? Ty p---- v--- z l----? Ty p’esh vadu z ledam? T- p’e-h v-d- z l-d-m? ----’----------------?
There is a party here. Ту- в-------. Тут вечарына. 0
T-- v--------. Tu- v--------. Tut vecharyna. T-t v-c-a-y-a. -------------.
People are drinking champagne. Лю--- п---- ш---------. Людзі п’юць шампанскае. 0
L----- p’y---’ s----------. Ly---- p------ s----------. Lyudzі p’yuts’ shampanskae. L-u-z- p’y-t-’ s-a-p-n-k-e. --------’----’------------.
People are drinking wine and beer. Лю--- п---- в--- і п---. Людзі п’юць віно і піва. 0
L----- p’y---’ v--- і p---. Ly---- p------ v--- і p---. Lyudzі p’yuts’ vіno і pіva. L-u-z- p’y-t-’ v-n- і p-v-. --------’----’------------.
Do you drink alcohol? Ты п--- а---------- н----? Ты п’еш алкагольныя напоі? 0
T- p’e-- a------’n--- n----? Ty p---- a----------- n----? Ty p’esh alkagol’nyya napoі? T- p’e-h a-k-g-l’n-y- n-p-і? ----’-----------’----------?
Do you drink whisky / whiskey (am.)? Ты п--- в----? Ты п’еш віскі? 0
T- p’e-- v----? Ty p---- v----? Ty p’esh vіskі? T- p’e-h v-s-і? ----’---------?
Do you drink Coke with rum? Ты п--- к--- з р----? Ты п’еш колу з ромам? 0
T- p’e-- k--- z r----? Ty p---- k--- z r----? Ty p’esh kolu z romam? T- p’e-h k-l- z r-m-m? ----’----------------?
I do not like champagne. Я н- л---- ш---------. Я не люблю шампанскае. 0
Y- n- l------ s----------. Ya n- l------ s----------. Ya ne lyublyu shampanskae. Y- n- l-u-l-u s-a-p-n-k-e. -------------------------.
I do not like wine. Я н- л---- в---. Я не люблю віно. 0
Y- n- l------ v---. Ya n- l------ v---. Ya ne lyublyu vіno. Y- n- l-u-l-u v-n-. ------------------.
I do not like beer. Я н- л---- п---. Я не люблю піва. 0
Y- n- l------ p---. Ya n- l------ p---. Ya ne lyublyu pіva. Y- n- l-u-l-u p-v-. ------------------.
The baby likes milk. Дз--- л----- м-----. Дзіця любіць малако. 0
D------ l------’ m-----. Dz----- l------- m-----. Dzіtsya lyubіts’ malako. D-і-s-a l-u-і-s’ m-l-k-. ---------------’-------.
The child likes cocoa and apple juice. Дз--- л----- к----- і я------ с--. Дзіця любіць какаву і яблычны сок. 0
D------ l------’ k----- і y-------- s--. Dz----- l------- k----- і y-------- s--. Dzіtsya lyubіts’ kakavu і yablychny sok. D-і-s-a l-u-і-s’ k-k-v- і y-b-y-h-y s-k. ---------------’-----------------------.
The woman likes orange and grapefruit juice. Жа----- л----- а---------- і г----------- с---. Жанчына любіць апельсінавы і грэйпфрутавы сокі. 0
Z-------- l------’ a---’s----- і g----------- s---. Zh------- l------- a---------- і g----------- s---. Zhanchyna lyubіts’ apel’sіnavy і greypfrutavy sokі. Z-a-c-y-a l-u-і-s’ a-e-’s-n-v- і g-e-p-r-t-v- s-k-. -----------------’-----’--------------------------.

Signs as language

People created languages in order to communicate. Even the deaf or hard of hearing have their own language. It's sign language, the basic language of all hearing impaired people. It is made up of combined symbols. This makes it a visual language, or ‘visible’. So is sign language understood on an international level? No, even signing has different national languages. Every country has its own sign language. And it is influenced by the culture of the country. Because language always evolves from culture. This is also true with languages that aren't spoken. There is, however, an international sign language. But its signs are somewhat more complicated. Nevertheless, national sign languages do resemble one another. Many signs are iconic. They are oriented towards the form of the objects they represent. The most widely used sign language is American Sign Language. Sign languages are recognized as fully-fledged languages. They have their own grammar. But it is different from the grammar of spoken languages. As a result, sign language can't be translated word for word. There are, however, sign language interpreters. Information is simultaneously communicated with sign language. That means that a single sign can express a whole sentence. There are also dialects in sign language. Regional particularities have their own signs. And every sign language has its own intonation. It's true for signs too: Our accent reveals our origin!
Did you know?
Estonian is counted among the Finno-Ugrian languages. It is thereby related to Finnish and Hungarian. However, parallels to Hungarian are only slightly noticeable. Many think that Estonian is similar to Latvian or Lithuanian. That is completely false, however. Both of those languages belong to a completely different language family. Estonian does not have any grammatical genders. There is no differentiation between feminine and masculine. Instead there are 14 different cases. The orthography is not very difficult. It is determined by the pronunciation. This should definitely be practiced with a native speaker. If you want to learn Estonian, you need discipline and a little patience. Estonians are happy to overlook little mistakes made by foreigners. They are excited to meet anyone who is interested in their language!