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13 [thirteen]



13 [Mười ba]

Công việc

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What does Martha do? Ma-th- l-- -ì? M_____ l__ g__ M-r-h- l-m g-? -------------- Martha làm gì? 0
She works at an office. Cô ấy --- --ệc-tr----vă--p--ng. C_ ấ_ l__ v___ t____ v__ p_____ C- ấ- l-m v-ệ- t-o-g v-n p-ò-g- ------------------------------- Cô ấy làm việc trong văn phòng. 0
She works on the computer. C--ấ- --m-vi-c---i--á- -i t--h. C_ ấ_ l__ v___ v__ m__ v_ t____ C- ấ- l-m v-ệ- v-i m-y v- t-n-. ------------------------------- Cô ấy làm việc với máy vi tính. 0
Where is Martha? Ma-th- -âu -ồi? M_____ đ__ r___ M-r-h- đ-u r-i- --------------- Martha đâu rồi? 0
At the cinema. Ờ ---n- rạp ----u --i-. Ờ t____ r__ c____ p____ Ờ t-o-g r-p c-i-u p-i-. ----------------------- Ờ trong rạp chiếu phim. 0
She is watching a film. C- ấ--x-m - c-- p--m. C_ ấ_ x__ / c__ p____ C- ấ- x-m / c-i p-i-. --------------------- Cô ấy xem / coi phim. 0
What does Peter do? P-ter-l----ì? P____ l__ g__ P-t-r l-m g-? ------------- Peter làm gì? 0
He studies at the university. A-- ấ- -ọc--ạ- h--. A__ ấ_ h__ đ__ h___ A-h ấ- h-c đ-i h-c- ------------------- Anh ấy học đại học. 0
He studies languages. Anh -y h-c -ề -g-- ---. A__ ấ_ h__ v_ n___ n___ A-h ấ- h-c v- n-ô- n-ữ- ----------------------- Anh ấy học về ngôn ngữ. 0
Where is Peter? P---- đ-u rồ-? P____ đ__ r___ P-t-r đ-u r-i- -------------- Peter đâu rồi? 0
At the café. Ở---ong---á--c- phê. Ở t____ q___ c_ p___ Ở t-o-g q-á- c- p-ê- -------------------- Ở trong quán cà phê. 0
He is drinking coffee. Anh-ấ----ng--à-p-ê. A__ ấ_ u___ c_ p___ A-h ấ- u-n- c- p-ê- ------------------- Anh ấy uống cà phê. 0
Where do they like to go? H- t-íc- đ--đâ---? H_ t____ đ_ đ__ ư_ H- t-í-h đ- đ-u ư- ------------------ Họ thích đi đâu ư? 0
To a concert. N--- -------c- - --m-bi----i-n -a-n--c. N___ h__ n____ / X__ b___ d___ c_ n____ N-h- h-a n-ạ-. / X-m b-ể- d-ễ- c- n-ạ-. --------------------------------------- Nghe hòa nhạc. / Xem biểu diễn ca nhạc. 0
They like to listen to music. H--th-ch---h- nh-c. H_ t____ n___ n____ H- t-í-h n-h- n-ạ-. ------------------- Họ thích nghe nhạc. 0
Where do they not like to go? H--k-ông thích -- đâu? H_ k____ t____ đ_ đ___ H- k-ô-g t-í-h đ- đ-u- ---------------------- Họ không thích đi đâu? 0
To the disco. Đi---n --n---ả-. Đ_ đ__ s__ n____ Đ- đ-n s-n n-ả-. ---------------- Đi đến sàn nhảy. 0
They do not like to dance. H- kh--g---í-- -h--. H_ k____ t____ n____ H- k-ô-g t-í-h n-ả-. -------------------- Họ không thích nhảy. 0

Creole Languages

Did you know that German is spoken in the South Pacific? It's really true! In parts of Papua New Guinea and Australia, people speak Unserdeutsch . It is a Creole language. Creole languages emerge in language contact situations. That is, when multiple different languages encounter one another. By now, many Creole languages are almost extinct. But worldwide 15 million people still speak a Creole language. Creole languages are always native languages. It's different with Pidgin languages. Pidgin languages are very simplified forms of speech. They are only good for very basic communication. Most Creole languages originated in the colonial era. Therefore, Creole languages are often based on European languages. One characteristic of Creole languages is a limited vocabulary. Creole languages have their own phonology too. The grammar of Creole languages is heavily simplified. Complicated rules are simply ignored by the speakers. Each Creole language is an important component of national identity. As a result, there is a lot of literature written in Creole languages. Creole languages are especially interesting for linguists. This is because they demonstrate how languages develop and later die out. So the development of language can be studied in Creole languages. They also prove that languages can change and adapt. The discipline used to research Creole languages is Creolistics, or Creology. One of the best-known sentences in the Creole language comes from Jamaica. Bob Marley made it world famous – do you know it? It's No woman, no cry! (= No, woman, don't cry!)
Did you know?
Finnish is the native language of approximately 5 million people. It is counted among the Finno-Ugrian languages. It is closely related to Estonian, and very distantly related to Hungarian. As a Uralic language, it strongly differentiates itself from the Indo-Germanic languages. An example of this is its agglutinating language structure. That means that grammatical functions are expressed through suffixed syllables. This is how long words originate that are so typical for Finnish. Another hallmark of Finnish is its many vowels. Finnish grammar distinguishes between 15 different cases. It is important to clearly separate long and short sounds in the intonation. Written and spoken Finnish are noticeably different from each other. This phenomenon is less pronounced in other European languages. All of this makes Finnish not especially easy. But all rules are consistently upheld. And the nice thing about Finnish is that it is so completely logical!