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13 [thirteen]



13 [สิบสาม]




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What does Martha do? มาร-ธ---ำ-ะไ-? มาร-ธ-าท-อะไร? ม-ร-ธ-า-ำ-ะ-ร- -------------- มาร์ธ่าทำอะไร? 0
m---a---a--à-r-i ma-ta--tam-a--rai m---a---a---̀-r-i ----------------- ma-tâ-tam-à-rai
She works at an office. เ----ง--ใ-ส--ั-ง-น เธอท-งานในส-น-กงาน เ-อ-ำ-า-ใ-ส-น-ก-า- ------------------ เธอทำงานในสำนักงาน 0
tur----m--g---nai-s----n--k-n--n tur--tam-ngan-nai-sa-m-na-k-ngan t-r---a---g-n-n-i-s-̌---a-k-n-a- -------------------------------- tur̶-tam-ngan-nai-sǎm-nák-ngan
She works on the computer. เ---ำง--ด้-ย-อมพ---ตอ-์ เธอท-งานด-วยคอมพ-วเตอร- เ-อ-ำ-า-ด-ว-ค-ม-ิ-เ-อ-์ ----------------------- เธอทำงานด้วยคอมพิวเตอร์ 0
t----t--------d--a---a----ew-dh-r̶ tur--tam-ngan-du-ay-kawm-pew-dhur- t-r---a---g-n-d-̂-y-k-w---e---h-r- ---------------------------------- tur̶-tam-ngan-dûay-kawm-pew-dhur̶
Where is Martha? ม-ร์--าอยู---่ไ-น? มาร-ธ-าอย--ท--ไหน? ม-ร-ธ-า-ย-่-ี-ไ-น- ------------------ มาร์ธ่าอยู่ที่ไหน? 0
ma--â-------o-t-̂--nǎi ma-ta--a--yo-o-te-e-na-i m---a---̀-y-̂---e-e-n-̌- ------------------------ ma-tâ-à-yôo-têe-nǎi
At the cinema. ท-่โ-ง-นัง ท--โรงหน-ง ท-่-ร-ห-ั- ---------- ที่โรงหนัง 0
t--e-ron--n---g te-e-rong-na-ng t-̂---o-g-n-̌-g --------------- têe-rong-nǎng
She is watching a film. เ------งด-ห--ง เธอก-ล-งด-หน-ง เ-อ-ำ-ั-ด-ห-ั- -------------- เธอกำลังดูหนัง 0
tur̶---m-l-----oo-----g tur--gam-lang-doo-na-ng t-r---a---a-g-d-o-n-̌-g ----------------------- tur̶-gam-lang-doo-nǎng
What does Peter do? ป-เ--ร-ท--ะ-ร? ป-เตอร-ท-อะไร? ป-เ-อ-์-ำ-ะ-ร- -------------- ปีเตอร์ทำอะไร? 0
bhee--h--̶-t-m-a--rai bhee-dhur--tam-a--rai b-e---h-r---a---̀-r-i --------------------- bhee-dhur̶-tam-à-rai
He studies at the university. เ---ำลั-ศึก-าที่มหาว-ท-า-ัย เขาก-ล-งศ-กษาท--มหาว-ทยาล-ย เ-า-ำ-ั-ศ-ก-า-ี-ม-า-ิ-ย-ล-ย --------------------------- เขากำลังศึกษาที่มหาวิทยาลัย 0
kǎ------l--g-s-̀uk---̌-têem-ha----́t-y--lai ka-o-gam-lang-se-uk-sa--te-em-ha--wi-t-ya-lai k-̌---a---a-g-s-̀-k-s-̌-t-̂-m-h-̌-w-́---a-l-i --------------------------------------------- kǎo-gam-lang-sèuk-sǎ-têem-hǎ-wít-ya-lai
He studies languages. เขา--ลั-----นภ--า เขาก-ล-งเร-ยนภาษา เ-า-ำ-ั-เ-ี-น-า-า ----------------- เขากำลังเรียนภาษา 0
kǎ----m-l--g---an-----ǎ ka-o-gam-lang-rian-pa-sa- k-̌---a---a-g-r-a---a-s-̌ ------------------------- kǎo-gam-lang-rian-pa-sǎ
Where is Peter? ป--ตอร-----ไหน? ป-เตอร-อย--ไหน? ป-เ-อ-์-ย-่-ห-? --------------- ปีเตอร์อยู่ไหน? 0
b-ee-----̶-------o--ǎi bhee-dhur--a--yo-o-na-i b-e---h-r---̀-y-̂---a-i ----------------------- bhee-dhur̶-à-yôo-nǎi
At the café. ที่ร-า---แฟ ท--ร-านกาแฟ ท-่-้-น-า-ฟ ----------- ที่ร้านกาแฟ 0
t--e--a----a-fæ te-e-ra-n-ga-fæ t-̂---a-n-g---æ --------------- têe-rán-ga-fæ
He is drinking coffee. เขา--ล--ด----า-ฟ เขาก-ล-งด--มกาแฟ เ-า-ำ-ั-ด-่-ก-แ- ---------------- เขากำลังดื่มกาแฟ 0
k--o-g-m-lang---̀u--g---æ ka-o-gam-lang-de-um-ga-fæ k-̌---a---a-g-d-̀-m-g---æ ------------------------- kǎo-gam-lang-dèum-ga-fæ
Where do they like to go? พว--ขา-อบ---หน? พวกเขาชอบไปไหน? พ-ก-ข-ช-บ-ป-ห-? --------------- พวกเขาชอบไปไหน? 0
p-------̌--ch--w--bha--na-i pu-ak-ka-o-cha-wp-bhai-na-i p-̂-k-k-̌---h-̂-p-b-a---a-i --------------------------- pûak-kǎo-châwp-bhai-nǎi
To a concert. ไ-ดู----ส---ต ไปด-คอนเส-ร-ต ไ-ด-ค-น-ส-ร-ต ------------- ไปดูคอนเสิร์ต 0
bha---o--k--n-s--r̶t bhai-doo-kawn-se-r-t b-a---o---a-n-s-̀-̶- -------------------- bhai-doo-kawn-sèr̶t
They like to listen to music. พ-กเ-าช--ฟ-งด--รี พวกเขาชอบฟ-งดนตร- พ-ก-ข-ช-บ-ั-ด-ต-ี ----------------- พวกเขาชอบฟังดนตรี 0
pu-----------a-wp---n---o----ree pu-ak-ka-o-cha-wp-fang-don-dhree p-̂-k-k-̌---h-̂-p-f-n---o---h-e- -------------------------------- pûak-kǎo-châwp-fang-don-dhree
Where do they not like to go? พว--ขาไ---อบไป---? พวกเขาไม-ชอบไปไหน? พ-ก-ข-ไ-่-อ-ไ-ไ-น- ------------------ พวกเขาไม่ชอบไปไหน? 0
pu--k-k-̌--m-̂i---a--p-bha---a-i pu-ak-ka-o-ma-i-cha-wp-bhai-na-i p-̂-k-k-̌---a-i-c-a-w---h-i-n-̌- -------------------------------- pûak-kǎo-mâi-châwp-bhai-nǎi
To the disco. ไ-ด-สโก้ ไปด-สโก- ไ-ด-ส-ก- -------- ไปดิสโก้ 0
b-a---ìt--ôh bhai-di-t-go-h b-a---i-t-g-̂- -------------- bhai-dìt-gôh
They do not like to dance. พ--เขา--่---เ---รำ พวกเขาไม-ชอบเต-นร- พ-ก-ข-ไ-่-อ-เ-้-ร- ------------------ พวกเขาไม่ชอบเต้นรำ 0
p-̂ak-kǎ---a-----a-wp---ê---am pu-ak-ka-o-ma-i-cha-wp-dhe-n-ram p-̂-k-k-̌---a-i-c-a-w---h-̂---a- -------------------------------- pûak-kǎo-mâi-châwp-dhên-ram

Creole Languages

Did you know that German is spoken in the South Pacific? It's really true! In parts of Papua New Guinea and Australia, people speak Unserdeutsch . It is a Creole language. Creole languages emerge in language contact situations. That is, when multiple different languages encounter one another. By now, many Creole languages are almost extinct. But worldwide 15 million people still speak a Creole language. Creole languages are always native languages. It's different with Pidgin languages. Pidgin languages are very simplified forms of speech. They are only good for very basic communication. Most Creole languages originated in the colonial era. Therefore, Creole languages are often based on European languages. One characteristic of Creole languages is a limited vocabulary. Creole languages have their own phonology too. The grammar of Creole languages is heavily simplified. Complicated rules are simply ignored by the speakers. Each Creole language is an important component of national identity. As a result, there is a lot of literature written in Creole languages. Creole languages are especially interesting for linguists. This is because they demonstrate how languages develop and later die out. So the development of language can be studied in Creole languages. They also prove that languages can change and adapt. The discipline used to research Creole languages is Creolistics, or Creology. One of the best-known sentences in the Creole language comes from Jamaica. Bob Marley made it world famous – do you know it? It's No woman, no cry! (= No, woman, don't cry!)
Did you know?
Finnish is the native language of approximately 5 million people. It is counted among the Finno-Ugrian languages. It is closely related to Estonian, and very distantly related to Hungarian. As a Uralic language, it strongly differentiates itself from the Indo-Germanic languages. An example of this is its agglutinating language structure. That means that grammatical functions are expressed through suffixed syllables. This is how long words originate that are so typical for Finnish. Another hallmark of Finnish is its many vowels. Finnish grammar distinguishes between 15 different cases. It is important to clearly separate long and short sounds in the intonation. Written and spoken Finnish are noticeably different from each other. This phenomenon is less pronounced in other European languages. All of this makes Finnish not especially easy. But all rules are consistently upheld. And the nice thing about Finnish is that it is so completely logical!