Phrasebook

en At the restaurant 1   »   vi Ở trong quán ăn 1

29 [twenty-nine]

At the restaurant 1

At the restaurant 1

29 [Hai mươi chín]

Ở trong quán ăn 1

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Is this table taken? Bàn---y -òn---ố-- -----? B__ n__ c__ t____ k_____ B-n n-y c-n t-ố-g k-ô-g- ------------------------ Bàn này còn trống không? 0
I would like the menu, please. Tô- -uốn xin -- --ự- --n. T__ m___ x__ t_ t___ đ___ T-i m-ố- x-n t- t-ự- đ-n- ------------------------- Tôi muốn xin tờ thực đơn. 0
What would you recommend? Bạn--ó--h------ -hi-u-cho-t-i---- g-? B__ c_ t__ g___ t____ c__ t__ m__ g__ B-n c- t-ể g-ớ- t-i-u c-o t-i m-n g-? ------------------------------------- Bạn có thể giới thiệu cho tôi món gì? 0
I’d like a beer. Tô- -u-- --t cố- / ly bi-. T__ m___ m__ c__ / l_ b___ T-i m-ố- m-t c-c / l- b-a- -------------------------- Tôi muốn một cốc / ly bia. 0
I’d like a mineral water. T-i-mu----ột-cốc / -y n--- k-oán-. T__ m___ m__ c__ / l_ n___ k______ T-i m-ố- m-t c-c / l- n-ớ- k-o-n-. ---------------------------------- Tôi muốn một cốc / ly nước khoáng. 0
I’d like an orange juice. Tô--m--n -ộ---ố--/ -y -ước-c--. T__ m___ m__ c__ / l_ n___ c___ T-i m-ố- m-t c-c / l- n-ớ- c-m- ------------------------------- Tôi muốn một cốc / ly nước cam. 0
I’d like a coffee. Tôi ---- mộ--c---/-ly------ê. T__ m___ m__ c__ / l_ c_ p___ T-i m-ố- m-t c-c / l- c- p-ê- ----------------------------- Tôi muốn một cốc / ly cà phê. 0
I’d like a coffee with milk. Tô- ---n -ộ--c-- - -- ---phê-v-i--ữ-. T__ m___ m__ c__ / l_ c_ p__ v__ s___ T-i m-ố- m-t c-c / l- c- p-ê v-i s-a- ------------------------------------- Tôi muốn một cốc / ly cà phê với sữa. 0
With sugar, please. Xin-đườ-g--! X__ đ____ ạ_ X-n đ-ờ-g ạ- ------------ Xin đường ạ! 0
I’d like a tea. Tôi -uốn--ộ- chén-- ly trà. T__ m___ m__ c___ / l_ t___ T-i m-ố- m-t c-é- / l- t-à- --------------------------- Tôi muốn một chén / ly trà. 0
I’d like a tea with lemon. Tô------ -ột--y -rà -ới--h-n-. T__ m___ m__ l_ t__ v__ c_____ T-i m-ố- m-t l- t-à v-i c-a-h- ------------------------------ Tôi muốn một ly trà với chanh. 0
I’d like a tea with milk. T-i --ốn -----y -rà --i-sữ-. T__ m___ m__ l_ t__ v__ s___ T-i m-ố- m-t l- t-à v-i s-a- ---------------------------- Tôi muốn một ly trà với sữa. 0
Do you have cigarettes? Bạ--có--h-ốc--á -----? B__ c_ t____ l_ k_____ B-n c- t-u-c l- k-ô-g- ---------------------- Bạn có thuốc lá không? 0
Do you have an ashtray? B---có gạt-tà---h---? B__ c_ g__ t__ k_____ B-n c- g-t t-n k-ô-g- --------------------- Bạn có gạt tàn không? 0
Do you have a light? Bạn -ó bật l-a khôn-? B__ c_ b__ l__ k_____ B-n c- b-t l-a k-ô-g- --------------------- Bạn có bật lửa không? 0
I’m missing a fork. T-----n cái d-- / ---. T__ c__ c__ d__ / n___ T-i c-n c-i d-a / n-a- ---------------------- Tôi cần cái dĩa / nĩa. 0
I’m missing a knife. Tô----- --n--a-. T__ c__ c__ d___ T-i c-n c-n d-o- ---------------- Tôi cần con dao. 0
I’m missing a spoon. Tô----n-cái---ì- - ---ng. T__ c__ c__ t___ / m_____ T-i c-n c-i t-ì- / m-ỗ-g- ------------------------- Tôi cần cái thìa / muỗng. 0

Grammar prevents lies!

Every language has particular features. But some also have characteristics that are unique worldwide. Among these languages is Trio. Trio is a Native American language in South America. Around 2,000 people in Brazil and Suriname speak it. What makes Trio special is its grammar. Because it forces its speakers to always tell the truth. The so-called frustrative ending is responsible for this. This ending is added to verbs in Trio. It indicates how true a sentence is. A simple example explains how exactly it works. Let's take the sentence The child went to school. In Trio, the speaker has to add a certain ending onto the verb. Through the ending he is able to communicate whether he saw the child himself. But he can also express that he only knows it from speaking to others. Or he says through the ending that he knows it's a lie. So the speaker has to commit to what he is saying. Meaning, he must communicate how true a statement is. In this way he cannot keep anything a secret or sugarcoat anything. If a Trio speaker leaves the ending off, he is deemed a liar. In Suriname the official language is Dutch. Translations from Dutch into Trio are often problematic. Because most languages are much less precise. They make it possible for the speakers to be vague. Therefore, interpreters don't always commit to what they are saying. The communication with Trio speakers is thereby difficult. Perhaps the frustrative ending would be helpful in other languages too!? Not only in the language of politics…
Did you know?
Macedonian is the native language of around 2 million people. It is counted among the South Slavic languages. It is most closely related to Bulgarian. Speakers of both languages can communicate with each other easily. The two languages differ from each other more in their written forms. There have always been many different ethnic groups in Macedonia. Naturally, this is also apparent in the vernacular. It has been influenced by numerous other languages. The neighbouring country of Serbia has especially influenced the Macedonian language. The vocabulary contains many terms from Russian, Turkish, and English. Such linguistic variety does not exist in many countries. That is why it has been difficult for Macedonian to establish itself as its own language. Macedonian literature has especially suffered from this situation. Macedonian is now considered an established standard language. For this reason, it is an important part of the Macedonian identity.