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13 [thirteen]

Activities

Activities

१३ [तेरह]

13 [terah]

काम

[kaam]

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What does Martha do? मार------य-----ी -ै? म-र-थ- क-य- करत- ह-? म-र-थ- क-य- क-त- ह-? -------------------- मार्था क्या करती है? 0
m--rt-----a k---te--h-i? maartha kya karatee hai? m-a-t-a k-a k-r-t-e h-i- ------------------------ maartha kya karatee hai?
She works at an office. व----र्-ा-य -----ा---र-ी-है वह क-र-य-लय म-- क-म करत- ह- व- क-र-य-ल- म-ं क-म क-त- ह- --------------------------- वह कार्यालय में काम करती है 0
vah -aaryaala- -e----aam --ratee-h-i vah kaaryaalay mein kaam karatee hai v-h k-a-y-a-a- m-i- k-a- k-r-t-e h-i ------------------------------------ vah kaaryaalay mein kaam karatee hai
She works on the computer. वह-कं---ूट- -ा-क-म ---- है वह क-प-य-टर क- क-म करत- ह- व- क-प-य-ट- क- क-म क-त- ह- -------------------------- वह कंप्यूटर का काम करती है 0
v-h -a-py--t-- ----aa--ka--te- --i vah kampyootar ka kaam karatee hai v-h k-m-y-o-a- k- k-a- k-r-t-e h-i ---------------------------------- vah kampyootar ka kaam karatee hai
Where is Martha? म------कह----ै? म-र-थ- कह-- ह-? म-र-थ- क-ा- ह-? --------------- मार्था कहाँ है? 0
m-arth---ahaa--ha-? maartha kahaan hai? m-a-t-a k-h-a- h-i- ------------------- maartha kahaan hai?
At the cinema. स-----घर -ें स-न-म-घर म-- स-न-म-घ- म-ं ------------ सिनेमाघर में 0
s--ema--ha- --in sinemaaghar mein s-n-m-a-h-r m-i- ---------------- sinemaaghar mein
She is watching a film. व- ए--फ-------े---ही -ै वह एक फ--ल-म द-ख रह- ह- व- ए- फ-ि-्- द-ख र-ी ह- ----------------------- वह एक फ़िल्म देख रही है 0
vah -----l-----h--ah-e---i vah ek film dekh rahee hai v-h e- f-l- d-k- r-h-e h-i -------------------------- vah ek film dekh rahee hai
What does Peter do? पीट----य--करता---? प-टर क-य- करत- ह-? प-ट- क-य- क-त- ह-? ------------------ पीटर क्या करता है? 0
p---ar -y--ka-a---hai? peetar kya karata hai? p-e-a- k-a k-r-t- h-i- ---------------------- peetar kya karata hai?
He studies at the university. व---िश्व-िद-या-- में -ढ़ता -ै वह व-श-वव-द-य-लय म-- पढ-त- ह- व- व-श-व-ि-्-ा-य म-ं प-़-ा ह- ----------------------------- वह विश्वविद्यालय में पढ़ता है 0
v-h -ish--v-d---l-- -ei- -adhat- -ai vah vishvavidyaalay mein padhata hai v-h v-s-v-v-d-a-l-y m-i- p-d-a-a h-i ------------------------------------ vah vishvavidyaalay mein padhata hai
He studies languages. वह------ँ पढ-------ै वह भ-ष-ए- पढ- रह- ह- व- भ-ष-ए- प-़ र-ा ह- -------------------- वह भाषाएँ पढ़ रहा है 0
vah-bha---a-- padh-r-----ai vah bhaashaen padh raha hai v-h b-a-s-a-n p-d- r-h- h-i --------------------------- vah bhaashaen padh raha hai
Where is Peter? प--र-क-ाँ-ह-? प-टर कह-- ह-? प-ट- क-ा- ह-? ------------- पीटर कहाँ है? 0
p-et-- -a-aan h-i? peetar kahaan hai? p-e-a- k-h-a- h-i- ------------------ peetar kahaan hai?
At the café. क-------ं क-फ-- म-- क-फ-े म-ं --------- कैफ़े में 0
ka-f- m-in kaife mein k-i-e m-i- ---------- kaife mein
He is drinking coffee. वह कॉफ--------- है वह क-फ-- प- रह- ह- व- क-फ-ी प- र-ा ह- ------------------ वह कॉफ़ी पी रहा है 0
vah kof-- pee--a-a hai vah kofee pee raha hai v-h k-f-e p-e r-h- h-i ---------------------- vah kofee pee raha hai
Where do they like to go? उन-ो-कह-- -ा---अच्-ा-ल--ा ह-? उनक- कह-- ज-न- अच-छ- लगत- ह-? उ-क- क-ा- ज-न- अ-्-ा ल-त- ह-? ----------------------------- उनको कहाँ जाना अच्छा लगता है? 0
u--ko -ahaa- j--n--ac-c-h- -a-at-----? unako kahaan jaana achchha lagata hai? u-a-o k-h-a- j-a-a a-h-h-a l-g-t- h-i- -------------------------------------- unako kahaan jaana achchha lagata hai?
To a concert. संगी--- ------ --ं स-ग-त – सम-र-ह म-- स-ग-त – स-ा-ो- म-ं ------------------ संगीत – समारोह में 0
sa---e- –--am-aroh --in sangeet – samaaroh mein s-n-e-t – s-m-a-o- m-i- ----------------------- sangeet – samaaroh mein
They like to listen to music. उ--- ------सु-न- --्छ- लगता--ै उनक- स-ग-त स-नन- अच-छ- लगत- ह- उ-क- स-ग-त स-न-ा अ-्-ा ल-त- ह- ------------------------------ उनको संगीत सुनना अच्छा लगता है 0
una-- ---g-----u--n- -c---ha-la--ta-hai unako sangeet sunana achchha lagata hai u-a-o s-n-e-t s-n-n- a-h-h-a l-g-t- h-i --------------------------------------- unako sangeet sunana achchha lagata hai
Where do they not like to go? उन-- क-ा-----ा -च--ा-नही- --ता -ै? उनक- कह-- ज-न- अच-छ- नह-- लगत- ह-? उ-क- क-ा- ज-न- अ-्-ा न-ी- ल-त- ह-? ---------------------------------- उनको कहाँ जाना अच्छा नहीं लगता है? 0
una-o-kah--- jaa-- -----h- ----- -agat- h--? unako kahaan jaana achchha nahin lagata hai? u-a-o k-h-a- j-a-a a-h-h-a n-h-n l-g-t- h-i- -------------------------------------------- unako kahaan jaana achchha nahin lagata hai?
To the disco. डि-्-- -ें ड-स-क- म-- ड-स-क- म-ं ---------- डिस्को में 0
di--o m-in disko mein d-s-o m-i- ---------- disko mein
They do not like to dance. उन-ो---चन----्छा -ह-- ---ा-है उनक- न-चन- अच-छ- नह-- लगत- ह- उ-क- न-च-ा अ-्-ा न-ी- ल-त- ह- ----------------------------- उनको नाचना अच्छा नहीं लगता है 0
u-a-- n-acha---ach-hha-----n--a-ata -ai unako naachana achchha nahin lagata hai u-a-o n-a-h-n- a-h-h-a n-h-n l-g-t- h-i --------------------------------------- unako naachana achchha nahin lagata hai

Creole Languages

Did you know that German is spoken in the South Pacific? It's really true! In parts of Papua New Guinea and Australia, people speak Unserdeutsch . It is a Creole language. Creole languages emerge in language contact situations. That is, when multiple different languages encounter one another. By now, many Creole languages are almost extinct. But worldwide 15 million people still speak a Creole language. Creole languages are always native languages. It's different with Pidgin languages. Pidgin languages are very simplified forms of speech. They are only good for very basic communication. Most Creole languages originated in the colonial era. Therefore, Creole languages are often based on European languages. One characteristic of Creole languages is a limited vocabulary. Creole languages have their own phonology too. The grammar of Creole languages is heavily simplified. Complicated rules are simply ignored by the speakers. Each Creole language is an important component of national identity. As a result, there is a lot of literature written in Creole languages. Creole languages are especially interesting for linguists. This is because they demonstrate how languages develop and later die out. So the development of language can be studied in Creole languages. They also prove that languages can change and adapt. The discipline used to research Creole languages is Creolistics, or Creology. One of the best-known sentences in the Creole language comes from Jamaica. Bob Marley made it world famous – do you know it? It's No woman, no cry! (= No, woman, don't cry!)
Did you know?
Finnish is the native language of approximately 5 million people. It is counted among the Finno-Ugrian languages. It is closely related to Estonian, and very distantly related to Hungarian. As a Uralic language, it strongly differentiates itself from the Indo-Germanic languages. An example of this is its agglutinating language structure. That means that grammatical functions are expressed through suffixed syllables. This is how long words originate that are so typical for Finnish. Another hallmark of Finnish is its many vowels. Finnish grammar distinguishes between 15 different cases. It is important to clearly separate long and short sounds in the intonation. Written and spoken Finnish are noticeably different from each other. This phenomenon is less pronounced in other European languages. All of this makes Finnish not especially easy. But all rules are consistently upheld. And the nice thing about Finnish is that it is so completely logical!