Phrasebook

en Learning foreign languages   »   ru Изучать иностранные языки

23 [twenty-three]

Learning foreign languages

Learning foreign languages

23 [двадцать три]

23 [dvadtsatʹ tri]

Изучать иностранные языки

[Izuchatʹ inostrannyye yazyki]

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Where did you learn Spanish? Г---В- выу-----исп---ки-? Г__ В_ в______ и_________ Г-е В- в-у-и-и и-п-н-к-й- ------------------------- Где Вы выучили испанский? 0
Gd---y --uch-l- -s-an----? G__ V_ v_______ i_________ G-e V- v-u-h-l- i-p-n-k-y- -------------------------- Gde Vy vyuchili ispanskiy?
Can you also speak Portuguese? Вы-знае-- то-- -ор-у-ал-----? В_ з_____ т___ п_____________ В- з-а-т- т-ж- п-р-у-а-ь-к-й- ----------------------------- Вы знаете тоже португальский? 0
V- -na-ete -o-he p-r-u-alʹ-k--? V_ z______ t____ p_____________ V- z-a-e-e t-z-e p-r-u-a-ʹ-k-y- ------------------------------- Vy znayete tozhe portugalʹskiy?
Yes, and I also speak some Italian. Д---и н--н-г- итал-я--к-й. Д__ и н______ и___________ Д-, и н-м-о-о и-а-ь-н-к-й- -------------------------- Да, и немного итальянский. 0
D---i -e-nog- i-al--a--k--. D__ i n______ i____________ D-, i n-m-o-o i-a-ʹ-a-s-i-. --------------------------- Da, i nemnogo italʹyanskiy.
I think you speak very well. П--мо-му- -ы г--орит- оч-н- хо---о. П________ В_ г_______ о____ х______ П---о-м-, В- г-в-р-т- о-е-ь х-р-ш-. ----------------------------------- По-моему, Вы говорите очень хорошо. 0
Po-m--emu, ---go--r--e -ch--ʹ-k-o--s-o. P_________ V_ g_______ o_____ k________ P---o-e-u- V- g-v-r-t- o-h-n- k-o-o-h-. --------------------------------------- Po-moyemu, Vy govorite ochenʹ khorosho.
The languages are quite similar. Эти--зы-и-д-ст---чн- -охо--. Э__ я____ д_________ п______ Э-и я-ы-и д-с-а-о-н- п-х-ж-. ---------------------------- Эти языки достаточно похожи. 0
E-i y----i--o-t-t----o-po-h--hi. E__ y_____ d__________ p________ E-i y-z-k- d-s-a-o-h-o p-k-o-h-. -------------------------------- Eti yazyki dostatochno pokhozhi.
I can understand them well. Я-и----р-ш- п-ни---. Я и_ х_____ п_______ Я и- х-р-ш- п-н-м-ю- -------------------- Я их хорошо понимаю. 0
Ya -kh---o--s-------ma-u. Y_ i__ k_______ p________ Y- i-h k-o-o-h- p-n-m-y-. ------------------------- Ya ikh khorosho ponimayu.
But speaking and writing is difficult. Н-----ори-ь и-----т-----жн-. Н_ г_______ и п_____ с______ Н- г-в-р-т- и п-с-т- с-о-н-. ---------------------------- Но говорить и писать сложно. 0
N- g-vori-- i--is--- s-o-hn-. N_ g_______ i p_____ s_______ N- g-v-r-t- i p-s-t- s-o-h-o- ----------------------------- No govoritʹ i pisatʹ slozhno.
I still make many mistakes. Я-еще д---ю мн-го о-ибок. Я е__ д____ м____ о______ Я е-е д-л-ю м-о-о о-и-о-. ------------------------- Я еще делаю много ошибок. 0
Ya -e----- -el--- --o-- oshibo-. Y_ y______ d_____ m____ o_______ Y- y-s-c-e d-l-y- m-o-o o-h-b-k- -------------------------------- Ya yeshche delayu mnogo oshibok.
Please correct me each time. П-пра---йте--ен-, -о-ал-й-т---ажд---р---. П__________ м____ п_________ к_____ р__ . П-п-а-л-й-е м-н-, п-ж-л-й-т- к-ж-ы- р-з . ----------------------------------------- Поправляйте меня, пожалуйста каждый раз . 0
Po----lya-te -e---, --z-alu-s-a-ka---y---a- . P___________ m_____ p__________ k______ r__ . P-p-a-l-a-t- m-n-a- p-z-a-u-s-a k-z-d-y r-z . --------------------------------------------- Popravlyayte menya, pozhaluysta kazhdyy raz .
Your pronunciation is very good. Ва----р-и----е--е -ос-ато--- -----е-. В___ п___________ д_________ х_______ В-ш- п-о-з-о-е-и- д-с-а-о-н- х-р-ш-е- ------------------------------------- Ваше произношение достаточно хорошее. 0
Vashe-pro-z-oshe--ye dosta-----o --oros-ey-. V____ p_____________ d__________ k__________ V-s-e p-o-z-o-h-n-y- d-s-a-o-h-o k-o-o-h-y-. -------------------------------------------- Vashe proiznosheniye dostatochno khorosheye.
You only have a slight accent. У-------б-л---- а-це--. У В__ н________ а______ У В-с н-б-л-ш-й а-ц-н-. ----------------------- У Вас небольшой акцент. 0
U--as----o-ʹ-h-y------n-. U V__ n_________ a_______ U V-s n-b-l-s-o- a-t-e-t- ------------------------- U Vas nebolʹshoy aktsent.
One can tell where you come from. М--н- у-л-шат-----у-а -ы ---о-. М____ у_______ о_____ В_ р_____ М-ж-о у-л-ш-т- о-к-д- В- р-д-м- ------------------------------- Можно услышать откуда Вы родом. 0
M-z--o---lys-atʹ -tk--a--- --do-. M_____ u________ o_____ V_ r_____ M-z-n- u-l-s-a-ʹ o-k-d- V- r-d-m- --------------------------------- Mozhno uslyshatʹ otkuda Vy rodom.
What is your mother tongue / native language (am.)? К-кой-яз-к ----р-дн--? К____ я___ В__ р______ К-к-й я-ы- В-ш р-д-о-? ---------------------- Какой язык Ваш родной? 0
K--oy yazy----s---o---y? K____ y____ V___ r______ K-k-y y-z-k V-s- r-d-o-? ------------------------ Kakoy yazyk Vash rodnoy?
Are you taking a language course? Вы-х-дит- -----ы---ы- ку--ы? В_ х_____ н_ я_______ к_____ В- х-д-т- н- я-ы-о-ы- к-р-ы- ---------------------------- Вы ходите на языковые курсы? 0
V--khod-t--n----z-----ye -ur-y? V_ k______ n_ y_________ k_____ V- k-o-i-e n- y-z-k-v-y- k-r-y- ------------------------------- Vy khodite na yazykovyye kursy?
Which textbook are you using? Каким-у-е-н--о- В- -ол--у--е-ь? К____ у________ В_ п___________ К-к-м у-е-н-к-м В- п-л-з-е-е-ь- ------------------------------- Каким учебником Вы пользуетесь? 0
K--i- --hebni-om ---pol-z---te--? K____ u_________ V_ p____________ K-k-m u-h-b-i-o- V- p-l-z-y-t-s-? --------------------------------- Kakim uchebnikom Vy polʹzuyetesʹ?
I don’t remember the name right now. В---------о---т я -------- --к-он -а----етс-. В д_____ м_____ я н_ з____ к__ о_ н__________ В д-н-ы- м-м-н- я н- з-а-, к-к о- н-з-в-е-с-. --------------------------------------------- В данный момент я не знаю, как он называется. 0
V -ann-y--om--- ya -e-znay-, --- o- na-y-ay-t---. V d_____ m_____ y_ n_ z_____ k__ o_ n____________ V d-n-y- m-m-n- y- n- z-a-u- k-k o- n-z-v-y-t-y-. ------------------------------------------------- V dannyy moment ya ne znayu, kak on nazyvayetsya.
The title is not coming to me. Я -- мо----с-омни-ь--аз-ани-. Я н_ м___ в________ н________ Я н- м-г- в-п-м-и-ь н-з-а-и-. ----------------------------- Я не могу вспомнить название. 0
Ya n------ v---mni-ʹ -a-v---y-. Y_ n_ m___ v________ n_________ Y- n- m-g- v-p-m-i-ʹ n-z-a-i-e- ------------------------------- Ya ne mogu vspomnitʹ nazvaniye.
I’ve forgotten it. Я--т--з----. Я э__ з_____ Я э-о з-б-л- ------------ Я это забыл. 0
Ya--t-----yl. Y_ e__ z_____ Y- e-o z-b-l- ------------- Ya eto zabyl.

Germanic Languages

The Germanic languages belong to the Indo-European language family. This linguistic group is characterized by its phonological features. Differences in the phonology distinguish these languages from others. There are about 15 Germanic languages. 500 million people worldwide speak them as their native tongue. The exact number of individual languages is difficult to determine. It is often unclear whether independent languages or only dialects exist. The most prominent Germanic language is English. It has 350 million native speakers worldwide. After that come German and Dutch. The Germanic languages are divided into different groups. There are North Germanic, West Germanic, and East Germanic. North Germanic languages are the Scandinavian languages. English, German and Dutch are West Germanic languages. The East Germanic languages have all become extinct. Old English, for example, belonged to this group. Colonization spread Germanic languages across the world. As a result, Dutch is understood in the Caribbean and in South Africa. All Germanic languages are derived from a common root. Whether or not there was a uniform proto-language is unclear. Besides that, only a few old Germanic texts exist. Unlike the Romance languages, there are hardly any sources. Research of the Germanic languages is more difficult as a result. Relatively little is also known about the culture of the Germanic people, or Teutons. The people of the Teutons did not unite. As a result there was no common identity. Therefore, science has to rely on other sources. Without Greeks and Romans, we would only know a little about the Teutons!
Did you know?
Catalan is a member of the Romance language family. It is closely related to Spanish, French and Italian. It is spoken in Andorra, in the Catalonia region of Spain and on the Balearic Islands. Catalan is also spoken in parts of Aragon and in Valencia. A total of 12 million people speak or understand Catalan. The language arose between the 8th and 10th century in the Pyrenees region. It then spread to the south and east through territorial conquests. It is important to note that Catalan is not a dialect of Spanish. It evolved from Vulgar Latin and is considered an independent language. Therefore, Spaniards or Latin Americans do not automatically understand it. Many structures of Catalan are similar to other Romance languages. But there are also a few features that do not occur in other languages. Catalan speakers are very proud of their language. Learning Catalan has been actively promoted by political groups for a few centuries. Learn Catalan - this language has a future!