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en Learning foreign languages   »   fa ‫یادگیری زبانهای خارجی‬

23 [twenty-three]

Learning foreign languages

Learning foreign languages

‫23 [بیست و سه]‬

23 [bist-o-se]

‫یادگیری زبانهای خارجی‬

[yâdgiri-e zabân-hâye khareji]

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Where did you learn Spanish? ‫-م--کج- اس--نیا----اد -ر-ت-د؟‬ ‫شما کجا اسپانیایی یاد گرفتید؟‬ ‫-م- ک-ا ا-پ-ن-ا-ی ی-د گ-ف-ی-؟- ------------------------------- ‫شما کجا اسپانیایی یاد گرفتید؟‬ 0
s--m- --j--espâ-iâ-i--âd g--eft--? shomâ kojâ espâniâ-i yâd gereftid? s-o-â k-j- e-p-n-â-i y-d g-r-f-i-? ---------------------------------- shomâ kojâ espâniâ-i yâd gereftid?
Can you also speak Portuguese? ‫پ-ت---- هم ---ی-؟‬ ‫پرتقالی هم بلدید؟‬ ‫-ر-ق-ل- ه- ب-د-د-‬ ------------------- ‫پرتقالی هم بلدید؟‬ 0
p--t---âli -a--baladid? porteghâli ham baladid? p-r-e-h-l- h-m b-l-d-d- ----------------------- porteghâli ham baladid?
Yes, and I also speak some Italian. ‫-له، کم-------یا-ی -م-----.‬ ‫بله، کمی-ایتالیایی هم بلدم.‬ ‫-ل-، ک-ی-ا-ت-ل-ا-ی ه- ب-د-.- ----------------------------- ‫بله، کمی‌ایتالیایی هم بلدم.‬ 0
ba--, i--li--i-----g-a--- ba-ad-m. bale, itâliâ-i ham ghadri baladam. b-l-, i-â-i--- h-m g-a-r- b-l-d-m- ---------------------------------- bale, itâliâ-i ham ghadri baladam.
I think you speak very well. ‫-----ر -ن --ا----ی-خ-ب---بت ------د-‬ ‫به نظر من شما خیلی خوب صحبت می-کنید.‬ ‫-ه ن-ر م- ش-ا خ-ل- خ-ب ص-ب- م-‌-ن-د-‬ -------------------------------------- ‫به نظر من شما خیلی خوب صحبت می‌کنید.‬ 0
b- na---e --n -h--â--h----k-------ba--mik----. be nazare man shomâ khyli khub sohbat mikonid. b- n-z-r- m-n s-o-â k-y-i k-u- s-h-a- m-k-n-d- ---------------------------------------------- be nazare man shomâ khyli khub sohbat mikonid.
The languages are quite similar. ‫--- --با- -ا-خی-ی ش--ه -- -ستن-.‬ ‫این ‫زبان ها خیلی شبیه هم هستند.‬ ‫-ی- ‫-ب-ن ه- خ-ل- ش-ی- ه- ه-ت-د-‬ ---------------------------------- ‫این ‫زبان ها خیلی شبیه هم هستند.‬ 0
z--â-----t--ha-e--i--- -h-bih----am-ha--and. zabân-hâ tâ hade ziâdi shabih-e ham hastand. z-b-n-h- t- h-d- z-â-i s-a-i--- h-m h-s-a-d- -------------------------------------------- zabân-hâ tâ hade ziâdi shabih-e ham hastand.
I can understand them well. ‫-ن-آ-ها (--ا---) -- -وب متوجه م-‌ش-م-‬ ‫من آنها (زبانها) را خوب متوجه می-شوم.‬ ‫-ن آ-ه- (-ب-ن-ا- ر- خ-ب م-و-ه م-‌-و-.- --------------------------------------- ‫من آنها (زبانها) را خوب متوجه می‌شوم.‬ 0
m-n-â-hâ--z-----h-)-râ k-u- m-t-vaj-----s-av--. man ânhâ (zabân-hâ) râ khub motevajeh mishavam. m-n â-h- (-a-â---â- r- k-u- m-t-v-j-h m-s-a-a-. ----------------------------------------------- man ânhâ (zabân-hâ) râ khub motevajeh mishavam.
But speaking and writing is difficult. ‫-م- -ح----ردن - --ش-- م-ک----ت-‬ ‫اما صحبت کردن و نوشتن مشکل است.‬ ‫-م- ص-ب- ک-د- و ن-ش-ن م-ک- ا-ت-‬ --------------------------------- ‫اما صحبت کردن و نوشتن مشکل است.‬ 0
amm- -oh--- ka---n -- -e-e-ht-- -o--ke- -st. ammâ sohbat kardan va neveshtan moshkel ast. a-m- s-h-a- k-r-a- v- n-v-s-t-n m-s-k-l a-t- -------------------------------------------- ammâ sohbat kardan va neveshtan moshkel ast.
I still make many mistakes. ‫-ن-ه-وز خیلی اش--ا- -ی‌---.‬ ‫من هنوز خیلی اشتباه می-کنم.‬ ‫-ن ه-و- خ-ل- ا-ت-ا- م-‌-ن-.- ----------------------------- ‫من هنوز خیلی اشتباه می‌کنم.‬ 0
m-- h---- k-y-i --h--b-h---k--a-. man hanuz khyli eshtebâh mikonam. m-n h-n-z k-y-i e-h-e-â- m-k-n-m- --------------------------------- man hanuz khyli eshtebâh mikonam.
Please correct me each time. ‫لطف-- ه- بار-ا-تب-ه -ر--تصحیح-کن-د.‬ ‫لطفا- هر بار اشتباه مرا تصحیح کنید.‬ ‫-ط-ا- ه- ب-ر ا-ت-ا- م-ا ت-ح-ح ک-ی-.- ------------------------------------- ‫لطفاً هر بار اشتباه مرا تصحیح کنید.‬ 0
lo-fan --- -â- m-----as-hi- koni-. lotfan har bâr marâ tas-hih konid. l-t-a- h-r b-r m-r- t-s-h-h k-n-d- ---------------------------------- lotfan har bâr marâ tas-hih konid.
Your pronunciation is very good. ‫ت-فظ شما--ی-ی خوب-----‬ ‫تلفظ شما خیلی خوب است.‬ ‫-ل-ظ ش-ا خ-ل- خ-ب ا-ت-‬ ------------------------ ‫تلفظ شما خیلی خوب است.‬ 0
ta-afoze-s-o-â----li kh-- -st. talafoze shomâ khyli khub ast. t-l-f-z- s-o-â k-y-i k-u- a-t- ------------------------------ talafoze shomâ khyli khub ast.
You only have a slight accent. ‫----کمی----ه ---ی-.‬ ‫فقط کمی-لهجه دارید.‬ ‫-ق- ک-ی-ل-ج- د-ر-د-‬ --------------------- ‫فقط کمی‌لهجه دارید.‬ 0
f-gh-- k-m--l-hje-d-r-d. faghat kami lahje dârid. f-g-a- k-m- l-h-e d-r-d- ------------------------ faghat kami lahje dârid.
One can tell where you come from. ‫----ود-ف-م-- اهل--جا---تی-.‬ ‫می-شود فهمید اهل کجا هستید.‬ ‫-ی-ش-د ف-م-د ا-ل ک-ا ه-ت-د-‬ ----------------------------- ‫می‌شود فهمید اهل کجا هستید.‬ 0
m-t-------hmid ah-e----â --s-id. mitavân fahmid ahle kojâ hastid. m-t-v-n f-h-i- a-l- k-j- h-s-i-. -------------------------------- mitavân fahmid ahle kojâ hastid.
What is your mother tongue / native language (am.)? ‫-ب-- ما-ری ش-ا-چی-ت؟‬ ‫زبان مادری شما چیست؟‬ ‫-ب-ن م-د-ی ش-ا چ-س-؟- ---------------------- ‫زبان مادری شما چیست؟‬ 0
za-âne---d-r--e-shomâ ch-st? zabâne mâdari-e shomâ chist? z-b-n- m-d-r--- s-o-â c-i-t- ---------------------------- zabâne mâdari-e shomâ chist?
Are you taking a language course? ‫شما--- ---س-ز--ن-----وی--‬ ‫شما به کلاس زبان می-روید؟‬ ‫-م- ب- ک-ا- ز-ا- م-‌-و-د-‬ --------------------------- ‫شما به کلاس زبان می‌روید؟‬ 0
s--mâ b- k-l-s- za--n ---r-vid? shomâ be kelâse zabân mi-ravid? s-o-â b- k-l-s- z-b-n m---a-i-? ------------------------------- shomâ be kelâse zabân mi-ravid?
Which textbook are you using? ‫----دا- کتاب د-س- است-ا-- --‌---د؟‬ ‫از کدام کتاب درسی استفاده می-کنید؟‬ ‫-ز ک-ا- ک-ا- د-س- ا-ت-ا-ه م-‌-ن-د-‬ ------------------------------------ ‫از کدام کتاب درسی استفاده می‌کنید؟‬ 0
a---o-â---e-â-- --rs--e-----d- -iko-i-? az kodâm ketâbe darsi estefâde mikonid? a- k-d-m k-t-b- d-r-i e-t-f-d- m-k-n-d- --------------------------------------- az kodâm ketâbe darsi estefâde mikonid?
I don’t remember the name right now. ‫ال-ن نم-‌دانم--س- آ---یس-.‬ ‫الان نمی-دانم اسم آن چیست.‬ ‫-ل-ن ن-ی-د-ن- ا-م آ- چ-س-.- ---------------------------- ‫الان نمی‌دانم اسم آن چیست.‬ 0
al-â--n--i--n-m----e--- ch--t. al-ân nemidânam esme ân chist. a---n n-m-d-n-m e-m- â- c-i-t- ------------------------------ al-ân nemidânam esme ân chist.
The title is not coming to me. ‫----ن ک-اب ی-د- ن-ی‌آ--.‬ ‫عنوان کتاب یادم نمی-آید.‬ ‫-ن-ا- ک-ا- ی-د- ن-ی-آ-د-‬ -------------------------- ‫عنوان کتاب یادم نمی‌آید.‬ 0
o-vâne-k-t---y-d-- --m--ây--. onvâne ketâb yâdam nemi-âyad. o-v-n- k-t-b y-d-m n-m---y-d- ----------------------------- onvâne ketâb yâdam nemi-âyad.
I’ve forgotten it. ‫نا- ---ر--ف-اموش-ک-د--ا-.‬ ‫نام آن را فراموش کرده ام.‬ ‫-ا- آ- ر- ف-ا-و- ک-د- ا-.- --------------------------- ‫نام آن را فراموش کرده ام.‬ 0
n--e ân--â---râmu------d---m. nâme ân râ farâmush karde-am. n-m- â- r- f-r-m-s- k-r-e-a-. ----------------------------- nâme ân râ farâmush karde-am.

Germanic Languages

The Germanic languages belong to the Indo-European language family. This linguistic group is characterized by its phonological features. Differences in the phonology distinguish these languages from others. There are about 15 Germanic languages. 500 million people worldwide speak them as their native tongue. The exact number of individual languages is difficult to determine. It is often unclear whether independent languages or only dialects exist. The most prominent Germanic language is English. It has 350 million native speakers worldwide. After that come German and Dutch. The Germanic languages are divided into different groups. There are North Germanic, West Germanic, and East Germanic. North Germanic languages are the Scandinavian languages. English, German and Dutch are West Germanic languages. The East Germanic languages have all become extinct. Old English, for example, belonged to this group. Colonization spread Germanic languages across the world. As a result, Dutch is understood in the Caribbean and in South Africa. All Germanic languages are derived from a common root. Whether or not there was a uniform proto-language is unclear. Besides that, only a few old Germanic texts exist. Unlike the Romance languages, there are hardly any sources. Research of the Germanic languages is more difficult as a result. Relatively little is also known about the culture of the Germanic people, or Teutons. The people of the Teutons did not unite. As a result there was no common identity. Therefore, science has to rely on other sources. Without Greeks and Romans, we would only know a little about the Teutons!
Did you know?
Catalan is a member of the Romance language family. It is closely related to Spanish, French and Italian. It is spoken in Andorra, in the Catalonia region of Spain and on the Balearic Islands. Catalan is also spoken in parts of Aragon and in Valencia. A total of 12 million people speak or understand Catalan. The language arose between the 8th and 10th century in the Pyrenees region. It then spread to the south and east through territorial conquests. It is important to note that Catalan is not a dialect of Spanish. It evolved from Vulgar Latin and is considered an independent language. Therefore, Spaniards or Latin Americans do not automatically understand it. Many structures of Catalan are similar to other Romance languages. But there are also a few features that do not occur in other languages. Catalan speakers are very proud of their language. Learning Catalan has been actively promoted by political groups for a few centuries. Learn Catalan - this language has a future!