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en Learning foreign languages   »   ka უცხო ენების სწავლა

23 [twenty-three]

Learning foreign languages

Learning foreign languages

23 [ოცდასამი]

23 [otsdasami]

უცხო ენების სწავლა

[utskho enebis sts'avla]

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Where did you learn Spanish? სად -ს-ა--ეთ -ს-ან-რ-? ს__ ი_______ ე________ ს-დ ი-წ-ვ-ე- ე-პ-ნ-რ-? ---------------------- სად ისწავლეთ ესპანური? 0
sa- ists-----t -sp'a--ri? s__ i_________ e_________ s-d i-t-'-v-e- e-p-a-u-i- ------------------------- sad ists'avlet esp'anuri?
Can you also speak Portuguese? პო-ტ---ლი-რ-ც-ი--თ? პ____________ ი____ პ-რ-უ-ა-ი-რ-ც ი-ი-? ------------------- პორტუგალიურიც იცით? 0
p'o-t'u-aliu-i---it-it? p_______________ i_____ p-o-t-u-a-i-r-t- i-s-t- ----------------------- p'ort'ugaliurits itsit?
Yes, and I also speak some Italian. დ-ა-- და -ო-ა ი--ლ-უ---- ----ბ. დ____ დ_ ც___ ი_________ ვ_____ დ-ა-, დ- ც-ტ- ი-ა-ი-რ-ა- ვ-ლ-ბ- ------------------------------- დიახ, და ცოტა იტალიურსაც ვფლობ. 0
dia--- d-------a-i-----u-sa-- vp-ob. d_____ d_ t_____ i___________ v_____ d-a-h- d- t-o-'- i-'-l-u-s-t- v-l-b- ------------------------------------ diakh, da tsot'a it'aliursats vplob.
I think you speak very well. მ--ვფი-რ-ბ, თქ-ენ---ლ-ან კა--ა--ლა--რაკობთ. მ_ ვ_______ თ____ ძ_____ კ_____ ლ__________ მ- ვ-ი-რ-ბ- თ-ვ-ნ ძ-ლ-ა- კ-რ-ა- ლ-პ-რ-კ-ბ-. ------------------------------------------- მე ვფიქრობ, თქვენ ძალიან კარგად ლაპარაკობთ. 0
me-vpi----, -k--n d-----n-k'a--ad -a-'-rak----. m_ v_______ t____ d______ k______ l____________ m- v-i-r-b- t-v-n d-a-i-n k-a-g-d l-p-a-a-'-b-. ----------------------------------------------- me vpikrob, tkven dzalian k'argad lap'arak'obt.
The languages are quite similar. ე-----ბ--------დ ----ს --თმა-ეთს. ე_ ე____ ს______ ჰ____ ე_________ ე- ე-ე-ი ს-კ-ა-დ ჰ-ა-ს ე-თ-ა-ე-ს- --------------------------------- ეს ენები საკმაოდ ჰგავს ერთმანეთს. 0
es-e-eb--s---mao- ---vs -rtmanet-. e_ e____ s_______ h____ e_________ e- e-e-i s-k-m-o- h-a-s e-t-a-e-s- ---------------------------------- es enebi sak'maod hgavs ertmanets.
I can understand them well. ისი-ი მე კა--ად---ს--ს. ი____ მ_ კ_____ მ______ ი-ი-ი მ- კ-რ-ა- მ-ს-ი-. ----------------------- ისინი მე კარგად მესმის. 0
i---- -e -'-r-ad--e---s. i____ m_ k______ m______ i-i-i m- k-a-g-d m-s-i-. ------------------------ isini me k'argad mesmis.
But speaking and writing is difficult. მ-გრ---ლა---ა-- ---წე-ა----ლ--. მ_____ ლ_______ დ_ წ___ ძ______ მ-გ-ა- ლ-პ-რ-კ- დ- წ-რ- ძ-ე-ი-. ------------------------------- მაგრამ ლაპარაკი და წერა ძნელია. 0
magra---------k'- -a----era dz--l--. m_____ l_________ d_ t_____ d_______ m-g-a- l-p-a-a-'- d- t-'-r- d-n-l-a- ------------------------------------ magram lap'arak'i da ts'era dznelia.
I still make many mistakes. მ-------იდევ-ბ-------დ-მ-ს -უშ-ებ. მ_ ჯ__ კ____ ბ___ შ_______ ვ______ მ- ჯ-რ კ-დ-ვ ბ-ვ- შ-ც-ო-ა- ვ-შ-ე-. ---------------------------------- მე ჯერ კიდევ ბევრ შეცდომას ვუშვებ. 0
me-jer-k'-d-- -e-r--h---d-ma- vus-v--. m_ j__ k_____ b___ s_________ v_______ m- j-r k-i-e- b-v- s-e-s-o-a- v-s-v-b- -------------------------------------- me jer k'idev bevr shetsdomas vushveb.
Please correct me each time. თ- შეიძლ--ა, -ო-ე-------ე--სწ---თ. თ_ შ________ ყ________ შ__________ თ- შ-ი-ლ-ბ-, ყ-ვ-ლ-ვ-ს შ-მ-ს-ო-ე-. ---------------------------------- თუ შეიძლება, ყოველთვის შემისწორეთ. 0
tu ------l---, --ve-t--s she-is-s-ore-. t_ s__________ q________ s_____________ t- s-e-d-l-b-, q-v-l-v-s s-e-i-t-'-r-t- --------------------------------------- tu sheidzleba, qoveltvis shemists'oret.
Your pronunciation is very good. თქ-ენ --ლ-ან-კა-გი--ამ-თ-მ------თ. თ____ ძ_____ კ____ გ_______ გ_____ თ-ვ-ნ ძ-ლ-ა- კ-რ-ი გ-მ-თ-მ- გ-ქ-თ- ---------------------------------- თქვენ ძალიან კარგი გამოთქმა გაქვთ. 0
tkv-n-d-alian --arg---amo-kma gakvt. t____ d______ k_____ g_______ g_____ t-v-n d-a-i-n k-a-g- g-m-t-m- g-k-t- ------------------------------------ tkven dzalian k'argi gamotkma gakvt.
You only have a slight accent. თქვენ---ტ--ა-ც---ი-გაქვ-. თ____ ც___ ა______ გ_____ თ-ვ-ნ ც-ტ- ა-ც-ნ-ი გ-ქ-თ- ------------------------- თქვენ ცოტა აქცენტი გაქვთ. 0
t---n tso-'---k-s--t-i ---vt. t____ t_____ a________ g_____ t-v-n t-o-'- a-t-e-t-i g-k-t- ----------------------------- tkven tsot'a aktsent'i gakvt.
One can tell where you come from. ნათ-ლი------ა-რ-- ----. ნ_______ ს_______ ხ____ ნ-თ-ლ-ა- ს-დ-უ-ი- ხ-რ-. ----------------------- ნათელია, სადაურიც ხართ. 0
nat-li-,----a--it--k-ar-. n_______ s________ k_____ n-t-l-a- s-d-u-i-s k-a-t- ------------------------- natelia, sadaurits khart.
What is your mother tongue / native language (am.)? რ-მ-ლ---თ-ვ--ი მშ-----რ----ა? რ______ თ_____ მ________ ე___ რ-მ-ლ-ა თ-ვ-ნ- მ-ო-ლ-უ-ი ე-ა- ----------------------------- რომელია თქვენი მშობლიური ენა? 0
ro----a--k-e----s---l---i-en-? r______ t_____ m_________ e___ r-m-l-a t-v-n- m-h-b-i-r- e-a- ------------------------------ romelia tkveni mshobliuri ena?
Are you taking a language course? ენ-- კ---ზ- დ-დიხართ? ე___ კ_____ დ________ ე-ი- კ-რ-ზ- დ-დ-ხ-რ-? --------------------- ენის კურსზე დადიხართ? 0
en-s --ursze-da---ha--? e___ k______ d_________ e-i- k-u-s-e d-d-k-a-t- ----------------------- enis k'ursze dadikhart?
Which textbook are you using? რო-ე-ი--ა---მ-ღვ---ლ--ი--არგ-ბ--ბთ? რ_____ ს_______________ ს__________ რ-მ-ლ- ს-ხ-ლ-ძ-ვ-ნ-ლ-თ- ს-რ-ე-ლ-ბ-? ----------------------------------- რომელი სახელმძღვანელოთი სარგებლობთ? 0
r------sa-hel-d-g--an----i -ar--b-o-t? r_____ s__________________ s__________ r-m-l- s-k-e-m-z-h-a-e-o-i s-r-e-l-b-? -------------------------------------- romeli sakhelmdzghvaneloti sargeblobt?
I don’t remember the name right now. ახლ--ა- მახს-ვ- რა-ჰ-ვ-ა. ა___ ა_ მ______ რ_ ჰ_____ ა-ლ- ა- მ-ხ-ო-ს რ- ჰ-ვ-ა- ------------------------- ახლა არ მახსოვს რა ჰქვია. 0
akh----r---khsov---a hk-i-. a____ a_ m_______ r_ h_____ a-h-a a- m-k-s-v- r- h-v-a- --------------------------- akhla ar makhsovs ra hkvia.
The title is not coming to me. ს--აუ-ი-არ მ-ხ---დებ-. ს______ ა_ მ__________ ს-თ-უ-ი ა- მ-ხ-ე-დ-ბ-. ---------------------- სათაური არ მახსენდება. 0
satau---ar m-k-s---eb-. s______ a_ m___________ s-t-u-i a- m-k-s-n-e-a- ----------------------- satauri ar makhsendeba.
I’ve forgotten it. დ---ვ-----. დ__________ დ-მ-ვ-წ-დ-. ----------- დამავიწყდა. 0
da-avits'qd-. d____________ d-m-v-t-'-d-. ------------- damavits'qda.

Germanic Languages

The Germanic languages belong to the Indo-European language family. This linguistic group is characterized by its phonological features. Differences in the phonology distinguish these languages from others. There are about 15 Germanic languages. 500 million people worldwide speak them as their native tongue. The exact number of individual languages is difficult to determine. It is often unclear whether independent languages or only dialects exist. The most prominent Germanic language is English. It has 350 million native speakers worldwide. After that come German and Dutch. The Germanic languages are divided into different groups. There are North Germanic, West Germanic, and East Germanic. North Germanic languages are the Scandinavian languages. English, German and Dutch are West Germanic languages. The East Germanic languages have all become extinct. Old English, for example, belonged to this group. Colonization spread Germanic languages across the world. As a result, Dutch is understood in the Caribbean and in South Africa. All Germanic languages are derived from a common root. Whether or not there was a uniform proto-language is unclear. Besides that, only a few old Germanic texts exist. Unlike the Romance languages, there are hardly any sources. Research of the Germanic languages is more difficult as a result. Relatively little is also known about the culture of the Germanic people, or Teutons. The people of the Teutons did not unite. As a result there was no common identity. Therefore, science has to rely on other sources. Without Greeks and Romans, we would only know a little about the Teutons!
Did you know?
Catalan is a member of the Romance language family. It is closely related to Spanish, French and Italian. It is spoken in Andorra, in the Catalonia region of Spain and on the Balearic Islands. Catalan is also spoken in parts of Aragon and in Valencia. A total of 12 million people speak or understand Catalan. The language arose between the 8th and 10th century in the Pyrenees region. It then spread to the south and east through territorial conquests. It is important to note that Catalan is not a dialect of Spanish. It evolved from Vulgar Latin and is considered an independent language. Therefore, Spaniards or Latin Americans do not automatically understand it. Many structures of Catalan are similar to other Romance languages. But there are also a few features that do not occur in other languages. Catalan speakers are very proud of their language. Learning Catalan has been actively promoted by political groups for a few centuries. Learn Catalan - this language has a future!