In the discotheque   »  

46 [forty-six]

In the discotheque

In the discotheque

46 [nelikümmend kuus]



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Is this seat taken? Ka- s-- k--- s--- o- v---? Kas see koht siin on vaba? 0 +
May I sit with you? Ka- m- v--- t----- i-----? Kas ma võin teiega istuda? 0 +
Sure. Me------. Meeleldi. 0 +
How do you like the music? Ku---- t---- m------ m------? Kuidas teile muusika meeldib? 0 +
A little too loud. Ve--- v----. Veidi valju. 0 +
But the band plays very well. Ku-- b--- m----- p---- h----. Kuid bänd mängib päris hästi. 0 +
Do you come here often? Ka- t- k---- t---- s---? Kas te käite tihti siin? 0 +
No, this is the first time. Ei- s-- o- e------ k---. Ei, see on esimene kord. 0 +
I’ve never been here before. Ma e- o-- k----- s--- k-----. Ma ei ole kunagi siin käinud. 0 +
Would you like to dance? Ka- t- t-------? Kas te tantsite? 0 +
Maybe later. Hi---- v--------. Hiljem võib-olla. 0 +
I can’t dance very well. Ma e- o--- e---- h---- t-------. Ma ei oska eriti hästi tantsida. 0 +
It’s very easy. Se- o- v--- l-----. See on väga lihtne. 0 +
I’ll show you. Ma n----- t----. Ma näitan teile. 0 +
No, maybe some other time. Ei- p---- m--- t---- k---. Ei, parem mõni teine kord. 0 +
Are you waiting for someone? Oo---- t- k-----? Ootate te kedagi? 0 +
Yes, for my boyfriend. Ja-- o-- p----------. Jah, oma poiss-sõpra. 0 +
There he is! Se--- t----- t- t------! Sealt tagant ta tulebki! 0 +

Genes influence language

The language we speak is dependent on our ancestry. But our genes are also responsible for our language. Scottish researchers have come to this conclusion. They examined how English differs from Chinese. In doing so they discovered that genes play a role, too. Because genes influence the development of our brain. That is to say, they shape our brain structures. With this, our ability to learn languages is determined. Variants of two genes are crucial to this. If a particular variant is scarce, tonal languages develop. So tonal languages are spoken by people without these gene variants. In tonal languages, the meaning of words is determined by the pitch of the tones. Chinese is included in the tonal languages, for example. If this gene variant is dominant, however, other languages develop. English is not a tonal language. The variants of this gene are not evenly distributed. That means they occur with differing frequency in the world. But languages only survive if they are passed down. In order to do this, children must be able to imitate the language of their parents. So they must be able to learn the language well. Only then will it be passed down from generation to generation. The older gene variant is the one that promotes tonal languages. So there were probably more tonal languages in the past than there are today. But one mustn't overestimate the genetic components. They can only add to explaining the development of languages. But there isn't a gene for English, or a gene for Chinese. Anybody can learn any language. You don't need genes for that, but rather only curiosity and discipline!
Did you know?
Thai is a member of the Tai-Kadai language family. It is the native language of 20 million people. In contrast to most western languages, Thai is a tonal language. In tonal languages, the pronunciation of syllables changes their meaning. Most Thai words consist of only one syllable. A word takes on a different meaning depending on the pitch in which a syllable is spoken. Altogether Thai distinguishes between five pitches. Thai society was strictly divided over many centuries. As a result, Thai still recognizes at least five different levels of speech today. These range from a simple vernacular to a very polite form of speech. Furthermore, Thai is divided into many local dialects. The language's semiotic system is a hybrid of an alphabet and syllabic writing. The grammar construction is not very complex. Because Thai is an isolating language, there are no declensions or conjugations. Learn Thai - it is really a fascinating language!