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58 [fifty-eight]

Parts of the body

Parts of the body

58 [penkiasdešimt aštuoni]

Kūno dalys

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I am drawing a man. (A-)----ši- vyr-. (--- p----- v---- (-š- p-e-i- v-r-. ----------------- (Aš) piešiu vyrą. 0
First the head. P-r-iau--a-g--v-. P--------- g----- P-r-i-u-i- g-l-ą- ----------------- Pirmiausia galvą. 0
The man is wearing a hat. Vyra----ši-j--s---b--ę. V---- n------ s-------- V-r-s n-š-o-a s-r-b-l-. ----------------------- Vyras nešioja skrybėlę. 0
One cannot see the hair. P--ukų -e----t-. P----- n-------- P-a-k- n-m-t-t-. ---------------- Plaukų nematyti. 0
One cannot see the ears either. Au-----ip p-- n---ty--. A--- t--- p-- n-------- A-s- t-i- p-t n-m-t-t-. ----------------------- Ausų taip pat nematyti. 0
One cannot see his back either. Nu--ros t-ip pa- nem---ti. N------ t--- p-- n-------- N-g-r-s t-i- p-t n-m-t-t-. -------------------------- Nugaros taip pat nematyti. 0
I am drawing the eyes and the mouth. (--)-p-ešiu-aki--i- -----. (--- p----- a--- i- b----- (-š- p-e-i- a-i- i- b-r-ą- -------------------------- (Aš) piešiu akis ir burną. 0
The man is dancing and laughing. Vy----š--a ---ju-ki-s-. V---- š--- i- j-------- V-r-s š-k- i- j-o-i-s-. ----------------------- Vyras šoka ir juokiasi. 0
The man has a long nose. V-r-s---r- i-gą-n-s-. V---- t--- i--- n---- V-r-s t-r- i-g- n-s-. --------------------- Vyras turi ilgą nosį. 0
He is carrying a cane in his hands. Ran--se j-- --i------dą. R------ j-- l---- l----- R-n-o-e j-s l-i-o l-z-ą- ------------------------ Rankose jis laiko lazdą. 0
He is also wearing a scarf around his neck. A-- -akl---is -ž------- -a-ik-. A-- k---- j-- u-------- š------ A-t k-k-o j-s u-s-r-š-s š-l-k-. ------------------------------- Ant kaklo jis užsirišęs šaliką. 0
It is winter and it is cold. Da-a--ži--- ---šal--. D---- ž---- i- š----- D-b-r ž-e-a i- š-l-a- --------------------- Dabar žiema ir šalta. 0
The arms are athletic. Ran-os---ip-ios. R----- s-------- R-n-o- s-i-r-o-. ---------------- Rankos stiprios. 0
The legs are also athletic. Ko-os -a-- --- ----r--s. K---- t--- p-- s-------- K-j-s t-i- p-t s-i-r-o-. ------------------------ Kojos taip pat stiprios. 0
The man is made of snow. Vyr-s-y-a-iš-sn-ego. V---- y-- i- s------ V-r-s y-a i- s-i-g-. -------------------- Vyras yra iš sniego. 0
He is neither wearing pants nor a coat. Jis nene---ja--elni- -r-p--to. J-- n-------- k----- i- p----- J-s n-n-š-o-a k-l-i- i- p-l-o- ------------------------------ Jis nenešioja kelnių ir palto. 0
But the man is not freezing. Be- -yrui---š-l-a. B-- v---- n------- B-t v-r-i n-š-l-a- ------------------ Bet vyrui nešalta. 0
He is a snowman. J-s--r- s--i- -esm---ni-. J-- y-- s---- b---------- J-s y-a s-n-s b-s-e-e-i-. ------------------------- Jis yra senis besmegenis. 0

The language of our ancestors

Modern languages can be analyzed by linguists. Various methods are used to do so. But how did people speak thousands of years ago? It is much more difficult to answer this question. Despite this, scientists have been busy researching for years. They would like to explore how people spoke earlier. In order to do this, they attempt to reconstruct ancient speech forms. American scientists have now made an exciting discovery. They analyzed more than 2,000 languages. In particular they analyzed the sentence structure of the languages. The results of their study were very interesting. About half of the languages had the S-O-V sentence structure. That is to say, the sentences are ordered by subject, object and verb. More than 700 languages follow the pattern S-V-O. And about 160 languages operate according to the V-S-O system. Only about 40 languages use the V-O-S pattern. 120 languages display a hybrid. On the other hand, O-V-S and O-S-V are distinctly rarer systems. The majority of the analyzed languages use the S-O-V principle. Persian, Japanese and Turkish are some examples. Most living languages follow the S-V-O pattern, however. This sentence structure dominates the Indo-European language family today. Researchers believe that the S-O-V model was used earlier. All languages are based on this system. But then the languages diverged. We don't yet know how that happened. However, the variation of sentence structures must have had a reason. Because in evolution, only that which has an advantage prevails…