Phrasebook

en At the restaurant 1   »   no På restaurant 1

29 [twenty-nine]

At the restaurant 1

At the restaurant 1

29 [tjueni]

På restaurant 1

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Is this table taken? Er---t---b---e- -e---? E_ d____ b_____ l_____ E- d-t-e b-r-e- l-d-g- ---------------------- Er dette bordet ledig? 0
I would like the menu, please. K-- -eg--å----se-ar--- - m--y-n? K__ j__ f_ s__________ / m______ K-n j-g f- s-i-e-a-t-t / m-n-e-? -------------------------------- Kan jeg få spisekartet / menyen? 0
What would you recommend? Hv- -a- -- a-befal-? H__ k__ d_ a________ H-a k-n d- a-b-f-l-? -------------------- Hva kan du anbefale? 0
I’d like a beer. J----il -j--n- -- -n ø-. J__ v__ g_____ h_ e_ ø__ J-g v-l g-e-n- h- e- ø-. ------------------------ Jeg vil gjerne ha en øl. 0
I’d like a mineral water. Jeg vil g-erne--a e- m--e--lv---. J__ v__ g_____ h_ e_ m___________ J-g v-l g-e-n- h- e- m-n-r-l-a-n- --------------------------------- Jeg vil gjerne ha et mineralvann. 0
I’d like an orange juice. J-- --l--j--ne--a--n--pp---inj-ice. J__ v__ g_____ h_ e_ a_____________ J-g v-l g-e-n- h- e- a-p-l-i-j-i-e- ----------------------------------- Jeg vil gjerne ha en appelsinjuice. 0
I’d like a coffee. J-g -i--gj--n---a--- k-ffe. J__ v__ g_____ h_ e_ k_____ J-g v-l g-e-n- h- e- k-f-e- --------------------------- Jeg vil gjerne ha en kaffe. 0
I’d like a coffee with milk. J-g v-- g-er-e ----- ka--- me- m--k. J__ v__ g_____ h_ e_ k____ m__ m____ J-g v-l g-e-n- h- e- k-f-e m-d m-l-. ------------------------------------ Jeg vil gjerne ha en kaffe med melk. 0
With sugar, please. M-- --kker- tak-. M__ s______ t____ M-d s-k-e-, t-k-. ----------------- Med sukker, takk. 0
I’d like a tea. J-g ------------a e---e. J__ v__ g_____ h_ e_ t__ J-g v-l g-e-n- h- e- t-. ------------------------ Jeg vil gjerne ha en te. 0
I’d like a tea with lemon. Jeg ----gj-r-e-ha--n-t------si-ro-. J__ v__ g_____ h_ e_ t_ m__ s______ J-g v-l g-e-n- h- e- t- m-d s-t-o-. ----------------------------------- Jeg vil gjerne ha en te med sitron. 0
I’d like a tea with milk. J-g-v-l g-e-n- h--e- te --d---lk. J__ v__ g_____ h_ e_ t_ m__ m____ J-g v-l g-e-n- h- e- t- m-d m-l-. --------------------------------- Jeg vil gjerne ha en te med melk. 0
Do you have cigarettes? H-r d---iga-e----? H__ d_ s__________ H-r d- s-g-r-t-e-? ------------------ Har du sigaretter? 0
Do you have an ashtray? H---du et-a--e-e-er? H__ d_ e_ a_________ H-r d- e- a-k-b-g-r- -------------------- Har du et askebeger? 0
Do you have a light? Ha-----f-r? H__ d_ f___ H-r d- f-r- ----------- Har du fyr? 0
I’m missing a fork. Je- ma-g--r -- -aff--. J__ m______ e_ g______ J-g m-n-l-r e- g-f-e-. ---------------------- Jeg mangler en gaffel. 0
I’m missing a knife. Je- ma-g-----n-kniv. J__ m______ e_ k____ J-g m-n-l-r e- k-i-. -------------------- Jeg mangler en kniv. 0
I’m missing a spoon. Jeg----gle--e- --je. J__ m______ e_ s____ J-g m-n-l-r e- s-j-. -------------------- Jeg mangler en skje. 0

Grammar prevents lies!

Every language has particular features. But some also have characteristics that are unique worldwide. Among these languages is Trio. Trio is a Native American language in South America. Around 2,000 people in Brazil and Suriname speak it. What makes Trio special is its grammar. Because it forces its speakers to always tell the truth. The so-called frustrative ending is responsible for this. This ending is added to verbs in Trio. It indicates how true a sentence is. A simple example explains how exactly it works. Let's take the sentence The child went to school. In Trio, the speaker has to add a certain ending onto the verb. Through the ending he is able to communicate whether he saw the child himself. But he can also express that he only knows it from speaking to others. Or he says through the ending that he knows it's a lie. So the speaker has to commit to what he is saying. Meaning, he must communicate how true a statement is. In this way he cannot keep anything a secret or sugarcoat anything. If a Trio speaker leaves the ending off, he is deemed a liar. In Suriname the official language is Dutch. Translations from Dutch into Trio are often problematic. Because most languages are much less precise. They make it possible for the speakers to be vague. Therefore, interpreters don't always commit to what they are saying. The communication with Trio speakers is thereby difficult. Perhaps the frustrative ending would be helpful in other languages too!? Not only in the language of politics…
Did you know?
Macedonian is the native language of around 2 million people. It is counted among the South Slavic languages. It is most closely related to Bulgarian. Speakers of both languages can communicate with each other easily. The two languages differ from each other more in their written forms. There have always been many different ethnic groups in Macedonia. Naturally, this is also apparent in the vernacular. It has been influenced by numerous other languages. The neighbouring country of Serbia has especially influenced the Macedonian language. The vocabulary contains many terms from Russian, Turkish, and English. Such linguistic variety does not exist in many countries. That is why it has been difficult for Macedonian to establish itself as its own language. Macedonian literature has especially suffered from this situation. Macedonian is now considered an established standard language. For this reason, it is an important part of the Macedonian identity.