Phrasebook

en At the restaurant 1   »   ku Li restoranê 1

29 [twenty-nine]

At the restaurant 1

At the restaurant 1

29 [bîst û neh]

Li restoranê 1

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Is this table taken? M-se --l- --? M___ v___ y__ M-s- v-l- y-? ------------- Mase vala ye? 0
I would like the menu, please. M-nûyê-dix-a--m. M_____ d________ M-n-y- d-x-a-i-. ---------------- Menûyê dixwazim. 0
What would you recommend? H-- -----i--ç- pêşni-ar -----? H__ d______ ç_ p_______ b_____ H-n d-k-r-n ç- p-ş-i-a- b-k-n- ------------------------------ Hûn dikarin çi pêşniyar bikin? 0
I’d like a beer. Bîray-kê --x-azi-. B_______ d________ B-r-y-k- d-x-a-i-. ------------------ Bîrayekê dixwazim. 0
I’d like a mineral water. Av---be----k- d--w---m. A____________ d________ A-b-r-e-î-e-ê d-x-a-i-. ----------------------- Avberbesîyekê dixwazim. 0
I’d like an orange juice. A-- -i-t--l----ix-azi-. A__ p________ d________ A-a p-r-q-l-n d-x-a-i-. ----------------------- Ava pirtqalan dixwazim. 0
I’d like a coffee. Qe-weyekê-d-------. Q________ d________ Q-h-e-e-ê d-x-a-i-. ------------------- Qehweyekê dixwazim. 0
I’d like a coffee with milk. Qeh---ek- -i-şî- -ixw--im. Q________ b_ ş__ d________ Q-h-e-e-e b- ş-r d-x-a-i-. -------------------------- Qehweyeke bi şîr dixwazim. 0
With sugar, please. Ji-k--em- w--bi-şek-r J_ k_____ w_ b_ ş____ J- k-r-m- w- b- ş-k-r --------------------- Ji kerema we bi şekir 0
I’d like a tea. Ç---k- d--w-z-m. Ç_____ d________ Ç-y-k- d-x-a-i-. ---------------- Çayekê dixwazim. 0
I’d like a tea with lemon. Ça-e---ley--nî -i-wa--m. Ç_____ l______ d________ Ç-y-k- l-y-û-î d-x-a-i-. ------------------------ Çayeke leymûnî dixwazim. 0
I’d like a tea with milk. Ç-ye---b- -îr-dixw---m. Ç_____ b_ ş__ d________ Ç-y-k- b- ş-r d-x-a-i-. ----------------------- Çayeke bi şîr dixwazim. 0
Do you have cigarettes? C-x-r-y- w- -eye? C_______ w_ h____ C-x-r-y- w- h-y-? ----------------- Cixareya we heye? 0
Do you have an ashtray? X---îd--k- -------? X_________ w_ h____ X-e-î-a-k- w- h-y-? ------------------- Xwelîdanka we heye? 0
Do you have a light? Agi-ê--e -e-e? A____ w_ h____ A-i-ê w- h-y-? -------------- Agirê we heye? 0
I’m missing a fork. Ç--t--a---- kêm--. Ç______ m__ k__ e_ Ç-r-i-a m-n k-m e- ------------------ Çartila min kêm e. 0
I’m missing a knife. K--------k-m-e. K___ m__ k__ e_ K-r- m-n k-m e- --------------- Kêra min kêm e. 0
I’m missing a spoon. Kev---ê -i- kêm-e. K______ m__ k__ e_ K-v-i-ê m-n k-m e- ------------------ Kevçiyê min kêm e. 0

Grammar prevents lies!

Every language has particular features. But some also have characteristics that are unique worldwide. Among these languages is Trio. Trio is a Native American language in South America. Around 2,000 people in Brazil and Suriname speak it. What makes Trio special is its grammar. Because it forces its speakers to always tell the truth. The so-called frustrative ending is responsible for this. This ending is added to verbs in Trio. It indicates how true a sentence is. A simple example explains how exactly it works. Let's take the sentence The child went to school. In Trio, the speaker has to add a certain ending onto the verb. Through the ending he is able to communicate whether he saw the child himself. But he can also express that he only knows it from speaking to others. Or he says through the ending that he knows it's a lie. So the speaker has to commit to what he is saying. Meaning, he must communicate how true a statement is. In this way he cannot keep anything a secret or sugarcoat anything. If a Trio speaker leaves the ending off, he is deemed a liar. In Suriname the official language is Dutch. Translations from Dutch into Trio are often problematic. Because most languages are much less precise. They make it possible for the speakers to be vague. Therefore, interpreters don't always commit to what they are saying. The communication with Trio speakers is thereby difficult. Perhaps the frustrative ending would be helpful in other languages too!? Not only in the language of politics…
Did you know?
Macedonian is the native language of around 2 million people. It is counted among the South Slavic languages. It is most closely related to Bulgarian. Speakers of both languages can communicate with each other easily. The two languages differ from each other more in their written forms. There have always been many different ethnic groups in Macedonia. Naturally, this is also apparent in the vernacular. It has been influenced by numerous other languages. The neighbouring country of Serbia has especially influenced the Macedonian language. The vocabulary contains many terms from Russian, Turkish, and English. Such linguistic variety does not exist in many countries. That is why it has been difficult for Macedonian to establish itself as its own language. Macedonian literature has especially suffered from this situation. Macedonian is now considered an established standard language. For this reason, it is an important part of the Macedonian identity.