Phrasebook

en At the restaurant 1   »   it Al ristorante 1

29 [twenty-nine]

At the restaurant 1

At the restaurant 1

29 [ventinove]

Al ristorante 1

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Is this table taken? È -i-er-------------lo? È l_____ q_____ t______ È l-b-r- q-e-t- t-v-l-? ----------------------- È libero questo tavolo? 0
I would like the menu, please. V-rre-------nu- per-f---re. V_____ i_ m____ p__ f______ V-r-e- i- m-n-, p-r f-v-r-. --------------------------- Vorrei il menu, per favore. 0
What would you recommend? C-e co-a -i -u--r-c----n-a-e? C__ c___ m_ p__ r____________ C-e c-s- m- p-ò r-c-o-a-d-r-? ----------------------------- Che cosa mi può raccomandare? 0
I’d like a beer. V-r-e- u-a-b--r-. V_____ u__ b_____ V-r-e- u-a b-r-a- ----------------- Vorrei una birra. 0
I’d like a mineral water. Vorre- -n- -i-e---e. V_____ u__ m________ V-r-e- u-a m-n-r-l-. -------------------- Vorrei una minerale. 0
I’d like an orange juice. V---ei--n-a---c--ta. V_____ u____________ V-r-e- u-’-r-n-i-t-. -------------------- Vorrei un’aranciata. 0
I’d like a coffee. Vorr---u- ca-fè. V_____ u_ c_____ V-r-e- u- c-f-è- ---------------- Vorrei un caffè. 0
I’d like a coffee with milk. Vo---i-u---af-è-ma-c--a-o. V_____ u_ c____ m_________ V-r-e- u- c-f-è m-c-h-a-o- -------------------------- Vorrei un caffè macchiato. 0
With sugar, please. C-n l- -ucc-ero- -e---av-r-. C__ l_ z________ p__ f______ C-n l- z-c-h-r-, p-r f-v-r-. ---------------------------- Con lo zucchero, per favore. 0
I’d like a tea. Vo-rei un t-. V_____ u_ t__ V-r-e- u- t-. ------------- Vorrei un tè. 0
I’d like a tea with lemon. V-r-----n-t- a--l-m---. V_____ u_ t_ a_ l______ V-r-e- u- t- a- l-m-n-. ----------------------- Vorrei un tè al limone. 0
I’d like a tea with milk. V-r-ei--n tè c-- l----. V_____ u_ t_ c__ l_____ V-r-e- u- t- c-n l-t-e- ----------------------- Vorrei un tè con latte. 0
Do you have cigarettes? H--de----s-g-re---? H_ d____ s_________ H- d-l-e s-g-r-t-e- ------------------- Ha delle sigarette? 0
Do you have an ashtray? H---n--o-tac---re? H_ u_ p___________ H- u- p-r-a-e-e-e- ------------------ Ha un portacenere? 0
Do you have a light? Ha -------nd---? H_ d_ a_________ H- d- a-c-n-e-e- ---------------- Ha da accendere? 0
I’m missing a fork. M--ma--a un- f--chet--. M_ m____ u__ f_________ M- m-n-a u-a f-r-h-t-a- ----------------------- Mi manca una forchetta. 0
I’m missing a knife. M- m-nca-u- --------. M_ m____ u_ c________ M- m-n-a u- c-l-e-l-. --------------------- Mi manca un coltello. 0
I’m missing a spoon. Mi-m-nc--u--c-c-h-aio. M_ m____ u_ c_________ M- m-n-a u- c-c-h-a-o- ---------------------- Mi manca un cucchiaio. 0

Grammar prevents lies!

Every language has particular features. But some also have characteristics that are unique worldwide. Among these languages is Trio. Trio is a Native American language in South America. Around 2,000 people in Brazil and Suriname speak it. What makes Trio special is its grammar. Because it forces its speakers to always tell the truth. The so-called frustrative ending is responsible for this. This ending is added to verbs in Trio. It indicates how true a sentence is. A simple example explains how exactly it works. Let's take the sentence The child went to school. In Trio, the speaker has to add a certain ending onto the verb. Through the ending he is able to communicate whether he saw the child himself. But he can also express that he only knows it from speaking to others. Or he says through the ending that he knows it's a lie. So the speaker has to commit to what he is saying. Meaning, he must communicate how true a statement is. In this way he cannot keep anything a secret or sugarcoat anything. If a Trio speaker leaves the ending off, he is deemed a liar. In Suriname the official language is Dutch. Translations from Dutch into Trio are often problematic. Because most languages are much less precise. They make it possible for the speakers to be vague. Therefore, interpreters don't always commit to what they are saying. The communication with Trio speakers is thereby difficult. Perhaps the frustrative ending would be helpful in other languages too!? Not only in the language of politics…
Did you know?
Macedonian is the native language of around 2 million people. It is counted among the South Slavic languages. It is most closely related to Bulgarian. Speakers of both languages can communicate with each other easily. The two languages differ from each other more in their written forms. There have always been many different ethnic groups in Macedonia. Naturally, this is also apparent in the vernacular. It has been influenced by numerous other languages. The neighbouring country of Serbia has especially influenced the Macedonian language. The vocabulary contains many terms from Russian, Turkish, and English. Such linguistic variety does not exist in many countries. That is why it has been difficult for Macedonian to establish itself as its own language. Macedonian literature has especially suffered from this situation. Macedonian is now considered an established standard language. For this reason, it is an important part of the Macedonian identity.