en At the restaurant 1   »   am ምግብ ቤቱ 1

29 [twenty-nine]

At the restaurant 1

At the restaurant 1

29 [ሃያ ዘጠኝ]

29 [haya zet’enyi]

ምግብ ቤቱ 1

[bemigibi bēti wisit’i 1]

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Is this table taken? ይ- ጠ-ዼዛ--ይዛል? ይሄ ጠረዼዛ ተይዛል? ይ- ጠ-ዼ- ተ-ዛ-? ------------- ይሄ ጠረዼዛ ተይዛል? 0
yih- t-ere--a---yizali? yihē t’ereዼza teyizali? y-h- t-e-e-z- t-y-z-l-? ----------------------- yihē t’ereዼza teyizali?
I would like the menu, please. እባክህ/-- -----ዝ-ዝር-ማ-- እ--ጋለ-። እባክህ/ ሽ የምግብ ዝርዝር ማውጫ እፈልጋለው። እ-ክ-/ ሽ የ-ግ- ዝ-ዝ- ማ-ጫ እ-ል-ለ-። ----------------------------- እባክህ/ ሽ የምግብ ዝርዝር ማውጫ እፈልጋለው። 0
ib---hi--s-i y-m---bi -iri--r- m-w-c-’- if--ig-lew-. ibakihi/ shi yemigibi ziriziri mawich’a ifeligalewi. i-a-i-i- s-i y-m-g-b- z-r-z-r- m-w-c-’- i-e-i-a-e-i- ---------------------------------------------------- ibakihi/ shi yemigibi ziriziri mawich’a ifeligalewi.
What would you recommend? ምን---ር--ኛ-? ምን ይመርጡልኛል? ም- ይ-ር-ል-ል- ----------- ምን ይመርጡልኛል? 0
mi-i-y-m-r--’----yali? mini yimerit’ulinyali? m-n- y-m-r-t-u-i-y-l-? ---------------------- mini yimerit’ulinyali?
I’d like a beer. ቢራ-ፈልጌ --ረ። ቢራ ፈልጌ ነበረ። ቢ- ፈ-ጌ ነ-ረ- ----------- ቢራ ፈልጌ ነበረ። 0
bīr---e---ē--eb--e. bīra feligē nebere. b-r- f-l-g- n-b-r-. ------------------- bīra feligē nebere.
I’d like a mineral water. የመኣ-- ውሃ ----ነበ-። የመኣድን ውሃ ፈልጌ ነበረ። የ-ኣ-ን ው- ፈ-ጌ ነ-ረ- ----------------- የመኣድን ውሃ ፈልጌ ነበረ። 0
yem---d-n----ha -eli---n--e--. yeme’adini wiha feligē nebere. y-m-’-d-n- w-h- f-l-g- n-b-r-. ------------------------------ yeme’adini wiha feligē nebere.
I’d like an orange juice. የ----ን-ጭ-ቂ ፈል- -በረ። የብርቱካን ጭማቂ ፈልጌ ነበረ። የ-ር-ካ- ጭ-ቂ ፈ-ጌ ነ-ረ- ------------------- የብርቱካን ጭማቂ ፈልጌ ነበረ። 0
yeb--i-----i--h-imak’ī--e--gē-n---r-. yebiritukani ch’imak’ī feligē nebere. y-b-r-t-k-n- c-’-m-k-ī f-l-g- n-b-r-. ------------------------------------- yebiritukani ch’imak’ī feligē nebere.
I’d like a coffee. ቡና -ል- ነበ-። ቡና ፈልጌ ነበረ። ቡ- ፈ-ጌ ነ-ረ- ----------- ቡና ፈልጌ ነበረ። 0
bu-a -e--g- -e--r-. buna feligē nebere. b-n- f-l-g- n-b-r-. ------------------- buna feligē nebere.
I’d like a coffee with milk. ቡና--ወተት እፈ--ለ-። ቡና በወተት እፈልጋለው። ቡ- በ-ተ- እ-ል-ለ-። --------------- ቡና በወተት እፈልጋለው። 0
b-na-b-w-t-ti i------l--i. buna beweteti ifeligalewi. b-n- b-w-t-t- i-e-i-a-e-i- -------------------------- buna beweteti ifeligalewi.
With sugar, please. ከስኳር-ጋር---ክህ/ሽ/-። ከስኳር ጋር እባክህ/ሽ/ዎ። ከ-ኳ- ጋ- እ-ክ-/-/-። ----------------- ከስኳር ጋር እባክህ/ሽ/ዎ። 0
k--i-wa-- g-r- ibaki-----i/-o. kesikwari gari ibakihi/shi/wo. k-s-k-a-i g-r- i-a-i-i-s-i-w-. ------------------------------ kesikwari gari ibakihi/shi/wo.
I’d like a tea. ሻ- እ-ል-ለው። ሻይ እፈልጋለው። ሻ- እ-ል-ለ-። ---------- ሻይ እፈልጋለው። 0
sha-----e-i----wi. shayi ifeligalewi. s-a-i i-e-i-a-e-i- ------------------ shayi ifeligalewi.
I’d like a tea with lemon. ሻ- በ-ሚ እፈል--ው። ሻይ በሎሚ እፈልጋለው። ሻ- በ-ሚ እ-ል-ለ-። -------------- ሻይ በሎሚ እፈልጋለው። 0
s-ay- be---ī----lig-l--i. shayi belomī ifeligalewi. s-a-i b-l-m- i-e-i-a-e-i- ------------------------- shayi belomī ifeligalewi.
I’d like a tea with milk. ሻይ-ከ-ተት--ር-እ---ለ-። ሻይ ከወተት ጋር እፈልጋለው። ሻ- ከ-ተ- ጋ- እ-ል-ለ-። ------------------ ሻይ ከወተት ጋር እፈልጋለው። 0
shayi-k-weteti-g-ri i-e-igal-wi. shayi keweteti gari ifeligalewi. s-a-i k-w-t-t- g-r- i-e-i-a-e-i- -------------------------------- shayi keweteti gari ifeligalewi.
Do you have cigarettes? ሲ-ራ--ለ--? ሲጋራ አለዎት? ሲ-ራ አ-ዎ-? --------- ሲጋራ አለዎት? 0
s--ara ā---o-i? sīgara ālewoti? s-g-r- ā-e-o-i- --------------- sīgara ālewoti?
Do you have an ashtray? የሲ-ራ-መ---- አለ-ት? የሲጋራ መተርኮሻ አለዎት? የ-ጋ- መ-ር-ሻ አ-ዎ-? ---------------- የሲጋራ መተርኮሻ አለዎት? 0
y--ī---a m--e----sha---e-o-i? yesīgara meterikosha ālewoti? y-s-g-r- m-t-r-k-s-a ā-e-o-i- ----------------------------- yesīgara meterikosha ālewoti?
Do you have a light? ላ-ተ- ----? ላይተር አለዎት? ላ-ተ- አ-ዎ-? ---------- ላይተር አለዎት? 0
la-i-e-- -l-wot-? layiteri ālewoti? l-y-t-r- ā-e-o-i- ----------------- layiteri ālewoti?
I’m missing a fork. ሹ---ሎኛ-። ሹካ ጎሎኛል። ሹ- ጎ-ኛ-። -------- ሹካ ጎሎኛል። 0
sh-ka--ol-ny-l-. shuka golonyali. s-u-a g-l-n-a-i- ---------------- shuka golonyali.
I’m missing a knife. ቢላ-ጎ--ል። ቢላ ጎሎኛል። ቢ- ጎ-ኛ-። -------- ቢላ ጎሎኛል። 0
bī-a--ol-n--li. bīla golonyali. b-l- g-l-n-a-i- --------------- bīla golonyali.
I’m missing a spoon. ማንኪ---ሎ--። ማንኪያ ጎሎኛል። ማ-ኪ- ጎ-ኛ-። ---------- ማንኪያ ጎሎኛል። 0
ma-i--y-----o--al-. manikīya golonyali. m-n-k-y- g-l-n-a-i- ------------------- manikīya golonyali.

Grammar prevents lies!

Every language has particular features. But some also have characteristics that are unique worldwide. Among these languages is Trio. Trio is a Native American language in South America. Around 2,000 people in Brazil and Suriname speak it. What makes Trio special is its grammar. Because it forces its speakers to always tell the truth. The so-called frustrative ending is responsible for this. This ending is added to verbs in Trio. It indicates how true a sentence is. A simple example explains how exactly it works. Let's take the sentence The child went to school. In Trio, the speaker has to add a certain ending onto the verb. Through the ending he is able to communicate whether he saw the child himself. But he can also express that he only knows it from speaking to others. Or he says through the ending that he knows it's a lie. So the speaker has to commit to what he is saying. Meaning, he must communicate how true a statement is. In this way he cannot keep anything a secret or sugarcoat anything. If a Trio speaker leaves the ending off, he is deemed a liar. In Suriname the official language is Dutch. Translations from Dutch into Trio are often problematic. Because most languages are much less precise. They make it possible for the speakers to be vague. Therefore, interpreters don't always commit to what they are saying. The communication with Trio speakers is thereby difficult. Perhaps the frustrative ending would be helpful in other languages too!? Not only in the language of politics…
Did you know?
Macedonian is the native language of around 2 million people. It is counted among the South Slavic languages. It is most closely related to Bulgarian. Speakers of both languages can communicate with each other easily. The two languages differ from each other more in their written forms. There have always been many different ethnic groups in Macedonia. Naturally, this is also apparent in the vernacular. It has been influenced by numerous other languages. The neighbouring country of Serbia has especially influenced the Macedonian language. The vocabulary contains many terms from Russian, Turkish, and English. Such linguistic variety does not exist in many countries. That is why it has been difficult for Macedonian to establish itself as its own language. Macedonian literature has especially suffered from this situation. Macedonian is now considered an established standard language. For this reason, it is an important part of the Macedonian identity.