en At the restaurant 1   »   he ‫במסעדה 1‬

29 [twenty-nine]

At the restaurant 1

At the restaurant 1

‫29 [עשרים ותשע]‬

29 [essrim w\'tesha]

‫במסעדה 1‬

[bamis'adah 1]

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Is this table taken? ‫האם הש-לחן --- --ו--‬ ‫___ ה_____ ה__ פ_____ ‫-א- ה-ו-ח- ה-ה פ-ו-?- ---------------------- ‫האם השולחן הזה פנוי?‬ 0
h--im-h--h-l-an --z-h pa---? h____ h________ h____ p_____ h-'-m h-s-u-x-n h-z-h p-n-y- ---------------------------- ha'im hashulxan hazeh panuy?
I would like the menu, please. ‫--מ----ב- -- ---רי-.‬ ‫____ ל___ א_ ה_______ ‫-ש-ח ל-ב- א- ה-פ-י-.- ---------------------- ‫אשמח לקבל את התפריט.‬ 0
es-ma- ----bel-et--at----t. e_____ l______ e_ h________ e-s-a- l-q-b-l e- h-t-f-i-. --------------------------- essmax l'qabel et hatafrit.
What would you recommend? ‫-ה-------- צ--‬ ‫__ ת____ / צ___ ‫-ה ת-ל-ץ / צ-?- ---------------- ‫מה תמליץ / צי?‬ 0
ma- t-m-i-s/t-m-i-s-? m__ t________________ m-h t-m-i-s-t-m-i-s-? --------------------- mah tamlits/tamlitsi?
I’d like a beer. ‫אפש--לקב----ק-ה-ביר-?‬ ‫____ ל___ ב____ ב_____ ‫-פ-ר ל-ב- ב-ק-ה ב-ר-?- ----------------------- ‫אפשר לקבל בבקשה בירה?‬ 0
e--h-r--'--bel b'-----ha- -i---? e_____ l______ b_________ b_____ e-s-a- l-q-b-l b-v-q-s-a- b-r-h- -------------------------------- efshar l'qabel b'vaqashah birah?
I’d like a mineral water. ‫אפ------ל----שה מי- -י----י-?‬ ‫____ ל___ ב____ מ__ מ_________ ‫-פ-ר ל-ב- ב-ק-ה מ-ם מ-נ-ל-י-?- ------------------------------- ‫אפשר לקבל בבקשה מים מינרליים?‬ 0
ef-h-- l---be- b--a-a---- ---m --ne-----? e_____ l______ b_________ m___ m_________ e-s-a- l-q-b-l b-v-q-s-a- m-i- m-n-r-l-m- ----------------------------------------- efshar l'qabel b'vaqashah maim mineralim?
I’d like an orange juice. ‫א--ר ---- ---שה-מ---תפו--ם-‬ ‫____ ל___ ב____ מ__ ת_______ ‫-פ-ר ל-ב- ב-ק-ה מ-ץ ת-ו-י-?- ----------------------------- ‫אפשר לקבל בבקשה מיץ תפוזים?‬ 0
ef--ar--'--b---b'va----a- ---s t-pu---? e_____ l______ b_________ m___ t_______ e-s-a- l-q-b-l b-v-q-s-a- m-t- t-p-z-m- --------------------------------------- efshar l'qabel b'vaqashah mits tapuzim?
I’d like a coffee. ‫-פ-- ל--- ב--ש- קפ-?‬ ‫____ ל___ ב____ ק____ ‫-פ-ר ל-ב- ב-ק-ה ק-ה-‬ ---------------------- ‫אפשר לקבל בבקשה קפה?‬ 0
e---ar-l----e- -'-aq--h-- ---eh? e_____ l______ b_________ q_____ e-s-a- l-q-b-l b-v-q-s-a- q-f-h- -------------------------------- efshar l'qabel b'vaqashah qafeh?
I’d like a coffee with milk. ‫--ש- ל--ל----שה קפה עם----?‬ ‫____ ל___ ב____ ק__ ע_ ח____ ‫-פ-ר ל-ב- ב-ק-ה ק-ה ע- ח-ב-‬ ----------------------------- ‫אפשר לקבל בבקשה קפה עם חלב?‬ 0
e-sh-- l'qa--l --va--s-a---a-e--i----la-? e_____ l______ b_________ q____ i_ x_____ e-s-a- l-q-b-l b-v-q-s-a- q-f-h i- x-l-v- ----------------------------------------- efshar l'qabel b'vaqashah qafeh im xalav?
With sugar, please. ‫-- ס--- -ב-שה-‬ ‫__ ס___ ב______ ‫-ם ס-כ- ב-ק-ה-‬ ---------------- ‫עם סוכר בבקשה.‬ 0
i-----a-----aqas-a-. i_ s____ b__________ i- s-k-r b-v-q-s-a-. -------------------- im sukar b'vaqashah.
I’d like a tea. ‫א-שר----ל--ב-----ה-‬ ‫____ ל___ ב____ ת___ ‫-פ-ר ל-ב- ב-ק-ה ת-?- --------------------- ‫אפשר לקבל בבקשה תה?‬ 0
e-s--- l--a--l---vaq-sh-- t--? e_____ l______ b_________ t___ e-s-a- l-q-b-l b-v-q-s-a- t-h- ------------------------------ efshar l'qabel b'vaqashah teh?
I’d like a tea with lemon. ‫--ש--------ב-ש--תה -ם ---ו-?‬ ‫____ ל___ ב____ ת_ ע_ ל______ ‫-פ-ר ל-ב- ב-ק-ה ת- ע- ל-מ-ן-‬ ------------------------------ ‫אפשר לקבל בבקשה תה עם לימון?‬ 0
ef--ar -'--bel b-v-q--ha--teh--- l--o-? e_____ l______ b_________ t__ i_ l_____ e-s-a- l-q-b-l b-v-q-s-a- t-h i- l-m-n- --------------------------------------- efshar l'qabel b'vaqashah teh im limon?
I’d like a tea with milk. ‫---ר -קבל -ב--ה ----ם---ב-‬ ‫____ ל___ ב____ ת_ ע_ ח____ ‫-פ-ר ל-ב- ב-ק-ה ת- ע- ח-ב-‬ ---------------------------- ‫אפשר לקבל בבקשה תה עם חלב?‬ 0
e--------qab----'vaqash----eh-im---la-? e_____ l______ b_________ t__ i_ x_____ e-s-a- l-q-b-l b-v-q-s-a- t-h i- x-l-v- --------------------------------------- efshar l'qabel b'vaqashah teh im xalav?
Do you have cigarettes? ‫י----ם -י-ריו-?‬ ‫__ ל__ ס________ ‫-ש ל-ם ס-ג-י-ת-‬ ----------------- ‫יש לכם סיגריות?‬ 0
ye-h -a-he- si--ri--? y___ l_____ s________ y-s- l-k-e- s-g-r-o-? --------------------- yesh lakhem sigariot?
Do you have an ashtray? ‫-ש-מא-ר--‬ ‫__ מ______ ‫-ש מ-פ-ה-‬ ----------- ‫יש מאפרה?‬ 0
yes- --'af-ra-? y___ m_________ y-s- m-'-f-r-h- --------------- yesh ma'aferah?
Do you have a light? ‫-פש- ---ל-א-?‬ ‫____ ל___ א___ ‫-פ-ר ל-ב- א-?- --------------- ‫אפשר לקבל אש?‬ 0
e--h-r l'qabe- es-? e_____ l______ e___ e-s-a- l-q-b-l e-h- ------------------- efshar l'qabel esh?
I’m missing a fork. ‫-סר-ל- מ-ל--‬ ‫___ ל_ מ_____ ‫-ס- ל- מ-ל-.- -------------- ‫חסר לי מזלג.‬ 0
x---- l- m-z---. x____ l_ m______ x-s-r l- m-z-e-. ---------------- xaser li mazleg.
I’m missing a knife. ‫--רה--- ס--ן-‬ ‫____ ל_ ס_____ ‫-ס-ה ל- ס-י-.- --------------- ‫חסרה לי סכין.‬ 0
x--er-h--i s-k-n. x______ l_ s_____ x-s-r-h l- s-k-n- ----------------- xaserah li sakin.
I’m missing a spoon. ‫ח-ר---י ---‬ ‫____ ל_ כ___ ‫-ס-ה ל- כ-.- ------------- ‫חסרה לי כף.‬ 0
x-se-ah--i-ka-. x______ l_ k___ x-s-r-h l- k-f- --------------- xaserah li kaf.

Grammar prevents lies!

Every language has particular features. But some also have characteristics that are unique worldwide. Among these languages is Trio. Trio is a Native American language in South America. Around 2,000 people in Brazil and Suriname speak it. What makes Trio special is its grammar. Because it forces its speakers to always tell the truth. The so-called frustrative ending is responsible for this. This ending is added to verbs in Trio. It indicates how true a sentence is. A simple example explains how exactly it works. Let's take the sentence The child went to school. In Trio, the speaker has to add a certain ending onto the verb. Through the ending he is able to communicate whether he saw the child himself. But he can also express that he only knows it from speaking to others. Or he says through the ending that he knows it's a lie. So the speaker has to commit to what he is saying. Meaning, he must communicate how true a statement is. In this way he cannot keep anything a secret or sugarcoat anything. If a Trio speaker leaves the ending off, he is deemed a liar. In Suriname the official language is Dutch. Translations from Dutch into Trio are often problematic. Because most languages are much less precise. They make it possible for the speakers to be vague. Therefore, interpreters don't always commit to what they are saying. The communication with Trio speakers is thereby difficult. Perhaps the frustrative ending would be helpful in other languages too!? Not only in the language of politics…
Did you know?
Macedonian is the native language of around 2 million people. It is counted among the South Slavic languages. It is most closely related to Bulgarian. Speakers of both languages can communicate with each other easily. The two languages differ from each other more in their written forms. There have always been many different ethnic groups in Macedonia. Naturally, this is also apparent in the vernacular. It has been influenced by numerous other languages. The neighbouring country of Serbia has especially influenced the Macedonian language. The vocabulary contains many terms from Russian, Turkish, and English. Such linguistic variety does not exist in many countries. That is why it has been difficult for Macedonian to establish itself as its own language. Macedonian literature has especially suffered from this situation. Macedonian is now considered an established standard language. For this reason, it is an important part of the Macedonian identity.