Phrasebook

en At the restaurant 1   »   el Στο εστιατόριο 1

29 [twenty-nine]

At the restaurant 1

At the restaurant 1

29 [είκοσι εννέα]

29 [eíkosi ennéa]

Στο εστιατόριο 1

[Sto estiatório 1]

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Is this table taken? Το-τ-απέ-- ----- ελεύ-ερο; Τ_ τ______ ε____ ε________ Τ- τ-α-έ-ι ε-ν-ι ε-ε-θ-ρ-; -------------------------- Το τραπέζι είναι ελεύθερο; 0
To--rap--i eí-a------the-o? T_ t______ e____ e_________ T- t-a-é-i e-n-i e-e-t-e-o- --------------------------- To trapézi eínai eleúthero?
I would like the menu, please. Θ--ήθ--α τ- -εν-ύ---ρακαλώ. Θ_ ή____ τ_ μ____ π________ Θ- ή-ε-α τ- μ-ν-ύ π-ρ-κ-λ-. --------------------------- Θα ήθελα το μενού παρακαλώ. 0
Tha---hel- t--men-ú--ar---lṓ. T__ ḗ_____ t_ m____ p________ T-a ḗ-h-l- t- m-n-ú p-r-k-l-. ----------------------------- Tha ḗthela to menoú parakalṓ.
What would you recommend? Τι----ρε--ε-να -ροτε--ετ-; Τ_ μ_______ ν_ π__________ Τ- μ-ο-ε-τ- ν- π-ο-ε-ν-τ-; -------------------------- Τι μπορείτε να προτείνετε; 0
Ti--poreí-- -- --o---n-te? T_ m_______ n_ p__________ T- m-o-e-t- n- p-o-e-n-t-? -------------------------- Ti mporeíte na proteínete?
I’d like a beer. Θα ή-ελ- μία-μ-ύ-α. Θ_ ή____ μ__ μ_____ Θ- ή-ε-α μ-α μ-ύ-α- ------------------- Θα ήθελα μία μπύρα. 0
Tha-ḗth-la-m-a -pýra. T__ ḗ_____ m__ m_____ T-a ḗ-h-l- m-a m-ý-a- --------------------- Tha ḗthela mía mpýra.
I’d like a mineral water. Θ- -θ--- --α-με-αλ-ι---νερ-. Θ_ ή____ έ__ μ________ ν____ Θ- ή-ε-α έ-α μ-τ-λ-ι-ό ν-ρ-. ---------------------------- Θα ήθελα ένα μεταλλικό νερό. 0
Tha -th-la -n-----allik- ne--. T__ ḗ_____ é__ m________ n____ T-a ḗ-h-l- é-a m-t-l-i-ó n-r-. ------------------------------ Tha ḗthela éna metallikó neró.
I’d like an orange juice. Θα-ήθ-λα έ--ν-χ--ό--ορ--κ-λι. Θ_ ή____ έ___ χ___ π_________ Θ- ή-ε-α έ-α- χ-μ- π-ρ-ο-ά-ι- ----------------------------- Θα ήθελα έναν χυμό πορτοκάλι. 0
Tha ḗ--ela ---n chy---po--o-á--. T__ ḗ_____ é___ c____ p_________ T-a ḗ-h-l- é-a- c-y-ó p-r-o-á-i- -------------------------------- Tha ḗthela énan chymó portokáli.
I’d like a coffee. Θ----ελα--να- κ-φ-. Θ_ ή____ έ___ κ____ Θ- ή-ε-α έ-α- κ-φ-. ------------------- Θα ήθελα έναν καφέ. 0
T-a--t--l-----n --ph-. T__ ḗ_____ é___ k_____ T-a ḗ-h-l- é-a- k-p-é- ---------------------- Tha ḗthela énan kaphé.
I’d like a coffee with milk. Θα------ έ-----αφέ-μ-----α. Θ_ ή____ έ___ κ___ μ_ γ____ Θ- ή-ε-α έ-α- κ-φ- μ- γ-λ-. --------------------------- Θα ήθελα έναν καφέ με γάλα. 0
T---ḗ-hela-énan----h---e g--a. T__ ḗ_____ é___ k____ m_ g____ T-a ḗ-h-l- é-a- k-p-é m- g-l-. ------------------------------ Tha ḗthela énan kaphé me gála.
With sugar, please. Μ---άχα-- π---κ--ώ. Μ_ ζ_____ π________ Μ- ζ-χ-ρ- π-ρ-κ-λ-. ------------------- Με ζάχαρη παρακαλώ. 0
M- zá-ha---parakal-. M_ z______ p________ M- z-c-a-ē p-r-k-l-. -------------------- Me zácharē parakalṓ.
I’d like a tea. Θ- ήθε-α--ν- τσ--. Θ_ ή____ έ__ τ____ Θ- ή-ε-α έ-α τ-ά-. ------------------ Θα ήθελα ένα τσάι. 0
Th- --he-a--n--t-ái. T__ ḗ_____ é__ t____ T-a ḗ-h-l- é-a t-á-. -------------------- Tha ḗthela éna tsái.
I’d like a tea with lemon. Θ- ---λα-έν- τσά- μ- λ--ό--. Θ_ ή____ έ__ τ___ μ_ λ______ Θ- ή-ε-α έ-α τ-ά- μ- λ-μ-ν-. ---------------------------- Θα ήθελα ένα τσάι με λεμόνι. 0
T-a-ḗ--e----n---s-i-m- l--ó-i. T__ ḗ_____ é__ t___ m_ l______ T-a ḗ-h-l- é-a t-á- m- l-m-n-. ------------------------------ Tha ḗthela éna tsái me lemóni.
I’d like a tea with milk. Θ---θ-λα έ-- τσά---- γ-λα. Θ_ ή____ έ__ τ___ μ_ γ____ Θ- ή-ε-α έ-α τ-ά- μ- γ-λ-. -------------------------- Θα ήθελα ένα τσάι με γάλα. 0
T------e-- é-- -sá- -e-----. T__ ḗ_____ é__ t___ m_ g____ T-a ḗ-h-l- é-a t-á- m- g-l-. ---------------------------- Tha ḗthela éna tsái me gála.
Do you have cigarettes? Έ--τ- τσιγάρ-; Έ____ τ_______ Έ-ε-ε τ-ι-ά-α- -------------- Έχετε τσιγάρα; 0
É----- ts-----? É_____ t_______ É-h-t- t-i-á-a- --------------- Échete tsigára?
Do you have an ashtray? Έ--τ- --α-σ--χτ---χ--ο; Έ____ έ__ σ____________ Έ-ε-ε έ-α σ-α-τ-δ-χ-ί-; ----------------------- Έχετε ένα σταχτοδοχείο; 0
Échete-éna ---c--odo-h---? É_____ é__ s______________ É-h-t- é-a s-a-h-o-o-h-í-? -------------------------- Échete éna stachtodocheío?
Do you have a light? Έ-ετ---ωτι-; Έ____ φ_____ Έ-ε-ε φ-τ-ά- ------------ Έχετε φωτιά; 0
Éc---e--hō---? É_____ p______ É-h-t- p-ō-i-? -------------- Échete phōtiá?
I’m missing a fork. Δ---έ-ω-πηρού-ι. Δ__ έ__ π_______ Δ-ν έ-ω π-ρ-ύ-ι- ---------------- Δεν έχω πηρούνι. 0
Den-éch---ē-o-ni. D__ é___ p_______ D-n é-h- p-r-ú-i- ----------------- Den échō pēroúni.
I’m missing a knife. Δε--έ-ω -α-α-ρι. Δ__ έ__ μ_______ Δ-ν έ-ω μ-χ-ί-ι- ---------------- Δεν έχω μαχαίρι. 0
D-n -c-- m-chaí-i. D__ é___ m________ D-n é-h- m-c-a-r-. ------------------ Den échō machaíri.
I’m missing a spoon. Δε- --ω κ-υ----. Δ__ έ__ κ_______ Δ-ν έ-ω κ-υ-ά-ι- ---------------- Δεν έχω κουτάλι. 0
Den é-h--k-u---i. D__ é___ k_______ D-n é-h- k-u-á-i- ----------------- Den échō koutáli.

Grammar prevents lies!

Every language has particular features. But some also have characteristics that are unique worldwide. Among these languages is Trio. Trio is a Native American language in South America. Around 2,000 people in Brazil and Suriname speak it. What makes Trio special is its grammar. Because it forces its speakers to always tell the truth. The so-called frustrative ending is responsible for this. This ending is added to verbs in Trio. It indicates how true a sentence is. A simple example explains how exactly it works. Let's take the sentence The child went to school. In Trio, the speaker has to add a certain ending onto the verb. Through the ending he is able to communicate whether he saw the child himself. But he can also express that he only knows it from speaking to others. Or he says through the ending that he knows it's a lie. So the speaker has to commit to what he is saying. Meaning, he must communicate how true a statement is. In this way he cannot keep anything a secret or sugarcoat anything. If a Trio speaker leaves the ending off, he is deemed a liar. In Suriname the official language is Dutch. Translations from Dutch into Trio are often problematic. Because most languages are much less precise. They make it possible for the speakers to be vague. Therefore, interpreters don't always commit to what they are saying. The communication with Trio speakers is thereby difficult. Perhaps the frustrative ending would be helpful in other languages too!? Not only in the language of politics…
Did you know?
Macedonian is the native language of around 2 million people. It is counted among the South Slavic languages. It is most closely related to Bulgarian. Speakers of both languages can communicate with each other easily. The two languages differ from each other more in their written forms. There have always been many different ethnic groups in Macedonia. Naturally, this is also apparent in the vernacular. It has been influenced by numerous other languages. The neighbouring country of Serbia has especially influenced the Macedonian language. The vocabulary contains many terms from Russian, Turkish, and English. Such linguistic variety does not exist in many countries. That is why it has been difficult for Macedonian to establish itself as its own language. Macedonian literature has especially suffered from this situation. Macedonian is now considered an established standard language. For this reason, it is an important part of the Macedonian identity.