Phrasebook

en At the restaurant 1   »   tl Sa restawran 1

29 [twenty-nine]

At the restaurant 1

At the restaurant 1

29 [dalawampu’t siyam]

Sa restawran 1

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Is this table taken? Libre-n- -- s---e-a-g-ito? L____ n_ b_ s_ m_____ i___ L-b-e n- b- s- m-s-n- i-o- -------------------------- Libre na ba sa mesang ito? 0
I would like the menu, please. Pa--u-a---gu--- k---- ng-me-u-----u-ede-p- --k-hingi-ng -enu? P________ g____ k_ p_ n_ m____ / P_____ p_ m________ n_ m____ P-k-u-a-, g-s-o k- p- n- m-n-. / P-w-d- p- m-k-h-n-i n- m-n-? ------------------------------------------------------------- Pakiusap, gusto ko po ng menu. / Puwede po makahingi ng menu? 0
What would you recommend? A----n- i-----m--r-r-ko-e--a? A__ a__ i____ m______________ A-o a-g i-o-g m-i-e-e-o-e-d-? ----------------------------- Ano ang iyong mairerekomenda? 0
I’d like a beer. G-s-o -- n--s-r-e----- --s------ng b--. G____ k_ n_ s_______ / G____ k_ n_ b___ G-s-o k- n- s-r-e-a- / G-s-o k- n- b-r- --------------------------------------- Gusto ko ng serbesa. / Gusto ko ng bir. 0
I’d like a mineral water. G---o----n- ---e--l-na tubi-. G____ k_ n_ m______ n_ t_____ G-s-o k- n- m-n-r-l n- t-b-g- ----------------------------- Gusto ko ng mineral na tubig. 0
I’d like an orange juice. G---o ko--g--r-n-e----ce. G____ k_ n_ o_____ j_____ G-s-o k- n- o-a-g- j-i-e- ------------------------- Gusto ko ng orange juice. 0
I’d like a coffee. G-st- -o-ng ka-e. G____ k_ n_ k____ G-s-o k- n- k-p-. ----------------- Gusto ko ng kape. 0
I’d like a coffee with milk. Gu-to k- n- -ape--a--a- ga-as. G____ k_ n_ k___ n_ m__ g_____ G-s-o k- n- k-p- n- m-y g-t-s- ------------------------------ Gusto ko ng kape na may gatas. 0
With sugar, please. M---a-ukal- pa-i----. / ---i l-g-an-n---s--al,--a-a---. M__ a______ p________ / P___ l_____ n_ a______ s_______ M-y a-u-a-, p-k-u-a-. / P-k- l-g-a- n- a-u-a-, s-l-m-t- ------------------------------------------------------- May asukal, pakiusap. / Paki lagyan ng asukal, salamat. 0
I’d like a tea. Gusto-k--ng ts--. G____ k_ n_ t____ G-s-o k- n- t-a-. ----------------- Gusto ko ng tsaa. 0
I’d like a tea with lemon. Gu----k---- -s-- n- ----lem--. G____ k_ n_ t___ n_ m__ l_____ G-s-o k- n- t-a- n- m-y l-m-n- ------------------------------ Gusto ko ng tsaa na may lemon. 0
I’d like a tea with milk. Gust- k---g-tsa- na -a- -a-a-. G____ k_ n_ t___ n_ m__ g_____ G-s-o k- n- t-a- n- m-y g-t-s- ------------------------------ Gusto ko ng tsaa na may gatas. 0
Do you have cigarettes? May---- p- ba -ay--g -g- s--a--l--? M______ p_ b_ k_____ m__ s_________ M-y-o-n p- b- k-y-n- m-a s-g-r-l-o- ----------------------------------- Mayroon po ba kayong mga sigarilyo? 0
Do you have an ashtray? Ma----- p- b- k-y--g -s-t-a-? M______ p_ b_ k_____ a_______ M-y-o-n p- b- k-y-n- a-h-r-y- ----------------------------- Mayroon po ba kayong ashtray? 0
Do you have a light? M------h-e------a ka--? M__ l______ p_ b_ k____ M-y l-g-t-r p- b- k-y-? ----------------------- May lighter po ba kayo? 0
I’m missing a fork. Ku-a-- -ko n--ti---o-. K_____ a__ n_ t_______ K-l-n- a-o n- t-n-d-r- ---------------------- Kulang ako ng tinidor. 0
I’m missing a knife. Kul--g---o n--k----l--. K_____ a__ n_ k________ K-l-n- a-o n- k-t-i-y-. ----------------------- Kulang ako ng kutsilyo. 0
I’m missing a spoon. K--a-g --- ---k---a--. K_____ a__ n_ k_______ K-l-n- a-o n- k-t-a-a- ---------------------- Kulang ako ng kutsara. 0

Grammar prevents lies!

Every language has particular features. But some also have characteristics that are unique worldwide. Among these languages is Trio. Trio is a Native American language in South America. Around 2,000 people in Brazil and Suriname speak it. What makes Trio special is its grammar. Because it forces its speakers to always tell the truth. The so-called frustrative ending is responsible for this. This ending is added to verbs in Trio. It indicates how true a sentence is. A simple example explains how exactly it works. Let's take the sentence The child went to school. In Trio, the speaker has to add a certain ending onto the verb. Through the ending he is able to communicate whether he saw the child himself. But he can also express that he only knows it from speaking to others. Or he says through the ending that he knows it's a lie. So the speaker has to commit to what he is saying. Meaning, he must communicate how true a statement is. In this way he cannot keep anything a secret or sugarcoat anything. If a Trio speaker leaves the ending off, he is deemed a liar. In Suriname the official language is Dutch. Translations from Dutch into Trio are often problematic. Because most languages are much less precise. They make it possible for the speakers to be vague. Therefore, interpreters don't always commit to what they are saying. The communication with Trio speakers is thereby difficult. Perhaps the frustrative ending would be helpful in other languages too!? Not only in the language of politics…
Did you know?
Macedonian is the native language of around 2 million people. It is counted among the South Slavic languages. It is most closely related to Bulgarian. Speakers of both languages can communicate with each other easily. The two languages differ from each other more in their written forms. There have always been many different ethnic groups in Macedonia. Naturally, this is also apparent in the vernacular. It has been influenced by numerous other languages. The neighbouring country of Serbia has especially influenced the Macedonian language. The vocabulary contains many terms from Russian, Turkish, and English. Such linguistic variety does not exist in many countries. That is why it has been difficult for Macedonian to establish itself as its own language. Macedonian literature has especially suffered from this situation. Macedonian is now considered an established standard language. For this reason, it is an important part of the Macedonian identity.