Phrasebook

en Past tense 3   »   kk Өткен шақ 3

83 [eighty-three]

Past tense 3

Past tense 3

83 [сексен үш]

83 [seksen üş]

Өткен шақ 3

[Ötken şaq 3]

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to make a call те-е-он-ен -----су т_________ с______ т-л-ф-н-е- с-й-е-у ------------------ телефонмен сөйлесу 0
t---f-nm-n--ö-l-sw t_________ s______ t-l-f-n-e- s-y-e-w ------------------ telefonmen söylesw
I made a call. Мен-те-еф-н-ен -ө----ті-. М__ т_________ с_________ М-н т-л-ф-н-е- с-й-е-т-м- ------------------------- Мен телефонмен сөйлестім. 0
M-n--el-f-nm-n-sö--e-t--. M__ t_________ s_________ M-n t-l-f-n-e- s-y-e-t-m- ------------------------- Men telefonmen söylestim.
I was talking on the phone all the time. М---ү-ем- т------ме--с-й-е-і--жүр--м. М__ ү____ т_________ с_______ ж______ М-н ү-е-і т-л-ф-н-е- с-й-е-і- ж-р-і-. ------------------------------------- Мен үнемі телефонмен сөйлесіп жүрдім. 0
Men--n--- te---o--en -öyle-ip jü-d-m. M__ ü____ t_________ s_______ j______ M-n ü-e-i t-l-f-n-e- s-y-e-i- j-r-i-. ------------------------------------- Men ünemi telefonmen söylesip jürdim.
to ask сұ-ау с____ с-р-у ----- сұрау 0
s-raw s____ s-r-w ----- suraw
I asked. Ме- ----ды-. М__ с_______ М-н с-р-д-м- ------------ Мен сұрадым. 0
M-- -ura--m. M__ s_______ M-n s-r-d-m- ------------ Men suradım.
I always asked. Мен-ү--м- с------н---. М__ ү____ с___________ М-н ү-е-і с-р-й-ы-м-н- ---------------------- Мен үнемі сұрайтынмын. 0
M-n--nem- sura-t-n-ın. M__ ü____ s___________ M-n ü-e-i s-r-y-ı-m-n- ---------------------- Men ünemi suraytınmın.
to narrate ай-у а___ а-т- ---- айту 0
aytw a___ a-t- ---- aytw
I narrated. Ме--айт-п--е--і-. М__ а____ б______ М-н а-т-п б-р-і-. ----------------- Мен айтып бердім. 0
Me--aytıp b-r---. M__ a____ b______ M-n a-t-p b-r-i-. ----------------- Men aytıp berdim.
I narrated the whole story. М-- оқ----ы--о-ық ай-ып-б--ді-. М__ о______ т____ а____ б______ М-н о-и-а-ы т-л-қ а-т-п б-р-і-. ------------------------------- Мен оқиғаны толық айтып бердім. 0
M---o-ï-an---olı- a-t-- ----im. M__ o______ t____ a____ b______ M-n o-ï-a-ı t-l-q a-t-p b-r-i-. ------------------------------- Men oqïğanı tolıq aytıp berdim.
to study о-у о__ о-у --- оқу 0
oqw o__ o-w --- oqw
I studied. Ме---қыд-м. М__ о______ М-н о-ы-ы-. ----------- Мен оқыдым. 0
Me- o-ı-ı-. M__ o______ M-n o-ı-ı-. ----------- Men oqıdım.
I studied the whole evening. Ме---е- б--ы оқ--ым. М__ к__ б___ о______ М-н к-ш б-й- о-ы-ы-. -------------------- Мен кеш бойы оқыдым. 0
M-n ke- -o----qı--m. M__ k__ b___ o______ M-n k-ş b-y- o-ı-ı-. -------------------- Men keş boyı oqıdım.
to work ж-мыс ----у ж____ і____ ж-м-с і-т-у ----------- жұмыс істеу 0
jumı------w j____ i____ j-m-s i-t-w ----------- jumıs istew
I worked. М-н жұ-ы- ---едім. М__ ж____ і_______ М-н ж-м-с і-т-д-м- ------------------ Мен жұмыс істедім. 0
M-n ----s--s--di-. M__ j____ i_______ M-n j-m-s i-t-d-m- ------------------ Men jumıs istedim.
I worked all day long. М-н--үн---о-ы--ұмыс іст-д-м. М__ к___ б___ ж____ і_______ М-н к-н- б-й- ж-м-с і-т-д-м- ---------------------------- Мен күні бойы жұмыс істедім. 0
Men kü-i b-y- j-m-- ----di-. M__ k___ b___ j____ i_______ M-n k-n- b-y- j-m-s i-t-d-m- ---------------------------- Men küni boyı jumıs istedim.
to eat т-ма-т-ну т________ т-м-қ-а-у --------- тамақтану 0
t-ma---nw t________ t-m-q-a-w --------- tamaqtanw
I ate. М-н --мақ---дым. М__ т___________ М-н т-м-қ-а-д-м- ---------------- Мен тамақтандым. 0
Men----a-t-ndı-. M__ t___________ M-n t-m-q-a-d-m- ---------------- Men tamaqtandım.
I ate all the food. М---ба--т--а--- же- қ--д--. М__ б__ т______ ж__ қ______ М-н б-р т-м-қ-ы ж-п қ-й-ы-. --------------------------- Мен бар тамақты жеп қойдым. 0
Men b---ta-a--ı jep qoy-ım. M__ b__ t______ j__ q______ M-n b-r t-m-q-ı j-p q-y-ı-. --------------------------- Men bar tamaqtı jep qoydım.

The history of linguistics

Languages have always fascinated mankind. The history of linguistics is therefore very long. Linguistics is the systematic study of language. Even thousands of years ago people contemplated language. In doing so, different cultures developed different systems. As a result, different descriptions of languages emerged. Today's linguistics are based on ancient theories more than anything else. Many traditions were established in Greece in particular. The oldest known work about language comes from India, however. It was written 3,000 years ago by the grammarian Sakatayana. In ancient times, philosophers like Plato busied themselves with languages. Later, Roman authors developed their theories further. Arabians, too, developed their own traditions in the 8th century. Even then, their works show precise descriptions of the Arabian language. In modern times, man particularly wanted to research where language comes from. Scholars were especially interested in the history of language. In the 18th century, people started to compare languages with each other. They wanted to understand how languages develop. Later they concentrated on languages as a system. The question of how languages function was the focal point. Today, a great number of schools of thought exist within linguistics. Many new disciplines have developed since the fifties. These were in part strongly influenced by other sciences. Examples are psycholinguistics or intercultural communication. The newer linguistic schools of thought are very specialized. One example of this is feminist linguistics. So the history of linguistics continues… As long as there are languages, man will contemplate them!