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en Past tense 3   »   fa ‫ زمان گذشته 3‬

83 [eighty-three]

Past tense 3

Past tense 3

‫83 [هشتاد و سه]‬

83 [hashtâd-o-se]

‫ زمان گذشته 3‬

[zamâne gozashte 3]

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to make a call ‫ت--ن-ز-ن‬ ‫____ ز___ ‫-ل-ن ز-ن- ---------- ‫تلفن زدن‬ 0
t-l--on-z--an t______ z____ t-l-f-n z-d-n ------------- telefon zadan
I made a call. ‫---ت--ن---ه-ام-‬ ‫__ ت___ ز__ ا___ ‫-ن ت-ف- ز-ه ا-.- ----------------- ‫من تلفن زده ام.‬ 0
m-n -el-fon zade---. m__ t______ z_______ m-n t-l-f-n z-d---m- -------------------- man telefon zade-am.
I was talking on the phone all the time. ‫-ن ت--م-م----- --فن --ب- --‌---م-‬ ‫__ ت___ م__ ب_ ت___ ص___ م_______ ‫-ن ت-ا- م-ت ب- ت-ف- ص-ب- م-‌-ر-م-‬ ----------------------------------- ‫من تمام مدت با تلفن صحبت می‌کردم.‬ 0
m-n ---âme m-da---â -----o--sohba- -i-ar-----. m__ t_____ m____ b_ t______ s_____ m__________ m-n t-m-m- m-d-t b- t-l-f-n s-h-a- m-k-r-e-a-. ---------------------------------------------- man tamâme modat bâ telefon sohbat mikarde-am.
to ask ‫-ؤ-ل ک-دن‬ ‫____ ک____ ‫-ؤ-ل ک-د-‬ ----------- ‫سؤال کردن‬ 0
s--l-k-rdan s___ k_____ s-â- k-r-a- ----------- soâl kardan
I asked. ‫-ن-سؤ-----د- -م.‬ ‫__ س___ ک___ ا___ ‫-ن س-ا- ک-د- ا-.- ------------------ ‫من سؤال کرده ام.‬ 0
man so-- -arde-am. m__ s___ k________ m-n s-â- k-r-e-a-. ------------------ man soâl karde-am.
I always asked. ‫من --یش- -و-- م--ک-د--‬ ‫__ ه____ س___ م_______ ‫-ن ه-ی-ه س-ا- م-‌-ر-م-‬ ------------------------ ‫من همیشه سوال می‌کردم.‬ 0
man ---i--- -o-l-mik--d---m. m__ h______ s___ m__________ m-n h-m-s-e s-â- m-k-r-e-a-. ---------------------------- man hamishe soâl mikarde-am.
to narrate ‫-ع-یف ک-دن‬ ‫_____ ک____ ‫-ع-ی- ک-د-‬ ------------ ‫تعریف کردن‬ 0
ta---rif-k-----. t_______ k______ t-----i- k-r-a-. ---------------- ta-e-rif kardan.
I narrated. ‫----ع-ی- کر-ه ا-.‬ ‫__ ت____ ک___ ا___ ‫-ن ت-ر-ف ک-د- ا-.- ------------------- ‫من تعریف کرده ام.‬ 0
m-- ------i- k-r-e---. m__ t_______ k________ m-n t-----i- k-r-e-a-. ---------------------- man ta-e-rif karde-am.
I narrated the whole story. ‫من ---م د-س-ا--را -عریف ک--ه-ام---د--‬ ‫__ ت___ د_____ ر_ ت____ ک___ ا________ ‫-ن ت-ا- د-س-ا- ر- ت-ر-ف ک-د- ا-/-ر-م-‬ --------------------------------------- ‫من تمام داستان را تعریف کرده ام/کردم.‬ 0
m---ta--m----stâ- râ ------i- ka------. m__ t_____ d_____ r_ t_______ k________ m-n t-m-m- d-s-â- r- t-----i- k-r-e-a-. --------------------------------------- man tamâme dâstân râ ta-e-rif karde-am.
to study ‫ی-د---ف-ن‬ ‫___ گ_____ ‫-ا- گ-ف-ن- ----------- ‫یاد گرفتن‬ 0
yâd -er-ft-n y__ g_______ y-d g-r-f-a- ------------ yâd gereftan
I studied. ‫من -ا- -ر--ه --.‬ ‫__ ی__ گ____ ا___ ‫-ن ی-د گ-ف-ه ا-.- ------------------ ‫من یاد گرفته ام.‬ 0
m-n-y-d--e-e-te-am. m__ y__ g__________ m-n y-d g-r-f-e-a-. ------------------- man yâd gerefte-am.
I studied the whole evening. ‫من-تمام--ب--ش-و--یاد-----بو--.‬ ‫__ ت___ ش_ م____ ی______ ب_____ ‫-ن ت-ا- ش- م-غ-ل ی-د-ی-ی ب-د-.- -------------------------------- ‫من تمام شب مشغول یادگیری بودم.‬ 0
ma- --m-me--h---ma---g---e y--giri-bud---m. m__ t_____ s___ m_________ y______ b_______ m-n t-m-m- s-a- m-s---h-l- y-d-i-i b-d---m- ------------------------------------------- man tamâme shab mash-ghule yâdgiri bude-am.
to work ‫کا- کردن‬ ‫___ ک____ ‫-ا- ک-د-‬ ---------- ‫کار کردن‬ 0
kâr kardan k__ k_____ k-r k-r-a- ---------- kâr kardan
I worked. ‫من--ار---ده-ام-‬ ‫__ ک__ ک___ ا___ ‫-ن ک-ر ک-د- ا-.- ----------------- ‫من کار کرده ام.‬ 0
man--â- -ar-e--m. m__ k__ k________ m-n k-r k-r-e-a-. ----------------- man kâr karde-am.
I worked all day long. ‫-- -----روز--ار می-کردم-‬ ‫__ ت___ ر__ ک__ م_______ ‫-ن ت-ا- ر-ز ک-ر م-‌-ر-م-‬ -------------------------- ‫من تمام روز کار می‌کردم.‬ 0
ma--t-m--- rooz -â---r k--d----. m__ t_____ r___ r_ k__ k________ m-n t-m-m- r-o- r- k-r k-r-e-a-. -------------------------------- man tamâme rooz râ kâr karde-am.
to eat ‫غ----ور--‬ ‫___ خ_____ ‫-ذ- خ-ر-ن- ----------- ‫غذا خوردن‬ 0
g-a-- -h---an g____ k______ g-a-â k-o-d-n ------------- ghazâ khordan
I ate. ‫من-غ------د- ام-‬ ‫__ غ__ خ____ ا___ ‫-ن غ-ا خ-ر-ه ا-.- ------------------ ‫من غذا خورده ام.‬ 0
m-n-ghazâ----r-e--m. m__ g____ k_________ m-n g-a-â k-o-d---m- -------------------- man ghazâ khorde-am.
I ate all the food. ‫من-تمام--------خ-رد--‬ ‫__ ت___ غ__ ر_ خ______ ‫-ن ت-ا- غ-ا ر- خ-ر-م-‬ ----------------------- ‫من تمام غذا را خوردم.‬ 0
ma- --m-m------â--â k-or-e---. m__ t_____ g____ r_ k_________ m-n t-m-m- g-a-â r- k-o-d---m- ------------------------------ man tamâme ghazâ râ khorde-am.

The history of linguistics

Languages have always fascinated mankind. The history of linguistics is therefore very long. Linguistics is the systematic study of language. Even thousands of years ago people contemplated language. In doing so, different cultures developed different systems. As a result, different descriptions of languages emerged. Today's linguistics are based on ancient theories more than anything else. Many traditions were established in Greece in particular. The oldest known work about language comes from India, however. It was written 3,000 years ago by the grammarian Sakatayana. In ancient times, philosophers like Plato busied themselves with languages. Later, Roman authors developed their theories further. Arabians, too, developed their own traditions in the 8th century. Even then, their works show precise descriptions of the Arabian language. In modern times, man particularly wanted to research where language comes from. Scholars were especially interested in the history of language. In the 18th century, people started to compare languages with each other. They wanted to understand how languages develop. Later they concentrated on languages as a system. The question of how languages function was the focal point. Today, a great number of schools of thought exist within linguistics. Many new disciplines have developed since the fifties. These were in part strongly influenced by other sciences. Examples are psycholinguistics or intercultural communication. The newer linguistic schools of thought are very specialized. One example of this is feminist linguistics. So the history of linguistics continues… As long as there are languages, man will contemplate them!