en Past tense 3   »   ka წარსული 3

83 [eighty-three]

Past tense 3

Past tense 3

83 [ოთხმოცდასამი]

83 [otkhmotsdasami]

წარსული 3

[ts'arsuli 3]

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to make a call ტ-----ნ-ე---რეკ-ა ტელეფონზე დარეკვა ტ-ლ-ფ-ნ-ე დ-რ-კ-ა ----------------- ტელეფონზე დარეკვა 0
t'-l--onze ---ek-va t'eleponze darek'va t-e-e-o-z- d-r-k-v- ------------------- t'eleponze darek'va
I made a call. დ-ვ----. დავრეკე. დ-ვ-ე-ე- -------- დავრეკე. 0
d--rek-e. davrek'e. d-v-e-'-. --------- davrek'e.
I was talking on the phone all the time. ს-ლ ტ--ე-ონზ----აპა-აკობ--. სულ ტელეფონზე ვლაპარაკობდი. ს-ლ ტ-ლ-ფ-ნ-ე ვ-ა-ა-ა-ო-დ-. --------------------------- სულ ტელეფონზე ვლაპარაკობდი. 0
s-- --e-e------vl-------'---i. sul t'eleponze vlap'arak'obdi. s-l t-e-e-o-z- v-a-'-r-k-o-d-. ------------------------------ sul t'eleponze vlap'arak'obdi.
to ask შე-ითხვა შეკითხვა შ-კ-თ-ვ- -------- შეკითხვა 0
s-e--it---a shek'itkhva s-e-'-t-h-a ----------- shek'itkhva
I asked. ვი----ე. ვიკითხე. ვ-კ-თ-ე- -------- ვიკითხე. 0
vi-'---h-. vik'itkhe. v-k-i-k-e- ---------- vik'itkhe.
I always asked. სულ ვკ----ლ-ბდ-. სულ ვკითხულობდი. ს-ლ ვ-ი-ხ-ლ-ბ-ი- ---------------- სულ ვკითხულობდი. 0
s-l-v-'i-------d-. sul vk'itkhulobdi. s-l v-'-t-h-l-b-i- ------------------ sul vk'itkhulobdi.
to narrate თ-რ--ა თხრობა თ-რ-ბ- ------ თხრობა 0
tk----a tkhroba t-h-o-a ------- tkhroba
I narrated. მოვყევი. მოვყევი. მ-ვ-ე-ი- -------- მოვყევი. 0
m-vqe--. movqevi. m-v-e-i- -------- movqevi.
I narrated the whole story. ს-ლ ვყ---ო-ი. სულ ვყვებოდი. ს-ლ ვ-ვ-ბ-დ-. ------------- სულ ვყვებოდი. 0
sul vq-e----. sul vqvebodi. s-l v-v-b-d-. ------------- sul vqvebodi.
to study სწავ-ა სწავლა ს-ა-ლ- ------ სწავლა 0
sts'--la sts'avla s-s-a-l- -------- sts'avla
I studied. ვ-სწავ-ე. ვისწავლე. ვ-ს-ა-ლ-. --------- ვისწავლე. 0
vi---'--l-. vists'avle. v-s-s-a-l-. ----------- vists'avle.
I studied the whole evening. მთელი -ა---ო ვ-წავლ-ბდი. მთელი საღამო ვსწავლობდი. მ-ე-ი ს-ღ-მ- ვ-წ-ვ-ო-დ-. ------------------------ მთელი საღამო ვსწავლობდი. 0
mt--i ----a-- -s-s'avl-b-i. mteli saghamo vsts'avlobdi. m-e-i s-g-a-o v-t-'-v-o-d-. --------------------------- mteli saghamo vsts'avlobdi.
to work მუშ---ა მუშაობა მ-შ-ო-ა ------- მუშაობა 0
musha--a mushaoba m-s-a-b- -------- mushaoba
I worked. ვი-უშა--. ვიმუშავე. ვ-მ-შ-ვ-. --------- ვიმუშავე. 0
v--ush-v-. vimushave. v-m-s-a-e- ---------- vimushave.
I worked all day long. მთ--ი დ-ე ---უშავე. მთელი დღე ვიმუშავე. მ-ე-ი დ-ე ვ-მ-შ-ვ-. ------------------- მთელი დღე ვიმუშავე. 0
mtel--d-h- v-m--h--e. mteli dghe vimushave. m-e-i d-h- v-m-s-a-e- --------------------- mteli dghe vimushave.
to eat ჭ-მა ჭამა ჭ-მ- ---- ჭამა 0
ch-a-a ch'ama c-'-m- ------ ch'ama
I ate. ვ--მე. ვჭამე. ვ-ა-ე- ------ ვჭამე. 0
v---a-e. vch'ame. v-h-a-e- -------- vch'ame.
I ate all the food. ს-ჭ-ე-ი---- -ევ-ამე. საჭმელი სულ შევჭამე. ს-ჭ-ე-ი ს-ლ შ-ვ-ა-ე- -------------------- საჭმელი სულ შევჭამე. 0
sach'-e-i -ul sh--ch--m-. sach'meli sul shevch'ame. s-c-'-e-i s-l s-e-c-'-m-. ------------------------- sach'meli sul shevch'ame.

The history of linguistics

Languages have always fascinated mankind. The history of linguistics is therefore very long. Linguistics is the systematic study of language. Even thousands of years ago people contemplated language. In doing so, different cultures developed different systems. As a result, different descriptions of languages emerged. Today's linguistics are based on ancient theories more than anything else. Many traditions were established in Greece in particular. The oldest known work about language comes from India, however. It was written 3,000 years ago by the grammarian Sakatayana. In ancient times, philosophers like Plato busied themselves with languages. Later, Roman authors developed their theories further. Arabians, too, developed their own traditions in the 8th century. Even then, their works show precise descriptions of the Arabian language. In modern times, man particularly wanted to research where language comes from. Scholars were especially interested in the history of language. In the 18th century, people started to compare languages with each other. They wanted to understand how languages develop. Later they concentrated on languages as a system. The question of how languages function was the focal point. Today, a great number of schools of thought exist within linguistics. Many new disciplines have developed since the fifties. These were in part strongly influenced by other sciences. Examples are psycholinguistics or intercultural communication. The newer linguistic schools of thought are very specialized. One example of this is feminist linguistics. So the history of linguistics continues… As long as there are languages, man will contemplate them!