Parts of the body   »  

58 [fifty-eight]

Parts of the body

Parts of the body

58 [viisikymmentäkahdeksan]



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I am drawing a man. Mi-- p------ m-----. Minä piirrän miehen. 0 +
First the head. En--- p---. Ensin pään. 0 +
The man is wearing a hat. Mi------ o- h---- p-----. Miehellä on hattu päässä. 0 +
One cannot see the hair. Hi----- e- n--. Hiuksia ei näe. 0 +
One cannot see the ears either. Ko---- e- m------- n--. Korvia ei myöskään näe. 0 +
One cannot see his back either. Se---- e- m------- n--. Selkää ei myöskään näe. 0 +
I am drawing the eyes and the mouth. Mi-- p------ s----- j- s---. Minä piirrän silmät ja suun. 0 +
The man is dancing and laughing. Mi-- t------ j- n-----. Mies tanssii ja nauraa. 0 +
The man has a long nose. Mi------ o- p---- n---. Miehellä on pitkä nenä. 0 +
He is carrying a cane in his hands. Hä----- o- k---- k--------. Hänellä on keppi kädessään. 0 +
He is also wearing a scarf around his neck. Hä----- o- m--- k--------- k----- y-----. Hänellä on myös kaulahuivi kaulan ympäri. 0 +
It is winter and it is cold. On t---- j- o- k----. On talvi ja on kylmä. 0 +
The arms are athletic. Kä--- o--- v---------. Kädet ovat voimakkaat. 0 +
The legs are also athletic. Ja--- o--- m--- v---------. Jalat ovat myös voimakkaat. 0 +
The man is made of snow. Mi-- o- l------. Mies on lumesta. 0 +
He is neither wearing pants nor a coat. Hä----- e- o-- p------- h------ e--- t-----. Hänellä ei ole päällään housuja eikä takkia. 0 +
But the man is not freezing. Mu--- h------ e- o-- k----. Mutta hänellä ei ole kylmä. 0 +
He is a snowman. Hä- o- l-------. Hän on lumiukko. 0 +

The language of our ancestors

Modern languages can be analyzed by linguists. Various methods are used to do so. But how did people speak thousands of years ago? It is much more difficult to answer this question. Despite this, scientists have been busy researching for years. They would like to explore how people spoke earlier. In order to do this, they attempt to reconstruct ancient speech forms. American scientists have now made an exciting discovery. They analyzed more than 2,000 languages. In particular they analyzed the sentence structure of the languages. The results of their study were very interesting. About half of the languages had the S-O-V sentence structure. That is to say, the sentences are ordered by subject, object and verb. More than 700 languages follow the pattern S-V-O. And about 160 languages operate according to the V-S-O system. Only about 40 languages use the V-O-S pattern. 120 languages display a hybrid. On the other hand, O-V-S and O-S-V are distinctly rarer systems. The majority of the analyzed languages use the S-O-V principle. Persian, Japanese and Turkish are some examples. Most living languages follow the S-V-O pattern, however. This sentence structure dominates the Indo-European language family today. Researchers believe that the S-O-V model was used earlier. All languages are based on this system. But then the languages diverged. We don't yet know how that happened. However, the variation of sentence structures must have had a reason. Because in evolution, only that which has an advantage prevails…