en Parts of the body   »   af Liggaamsdele

58 [fifty-eight]

Parts of the body

Parts of the body

58 [agt en vyftig]


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I am drawing a man. E--tek-n -n --n. E_ t____ ’_ m___ E- t-k-n ’- m-n- ---------------- Ek teken ’n man. 0
First the head. Ee--te -ie ---. E_____ d__ k___ E-r-t- d-e k-p- --------------- Eerste die kop. 0
The man is wearing a hat. Die-man ----’---oe-. D__ m__ d__ ’_ h____ D-e m-n d-a ’- h-e-. -------------------- Die man dra ’n hoed. 0
One cannot see the hair. Me-s----- --e --e -are -ie. M___ s___ n__ d__ h___ n___ M-n- s-e- n-e d-e h-r- n-e- --------------------------- Mens sien nie die hare nie. 0
One cannot see the ears either. M-ns -----o----ie-d-- o-- ---. M___ s___ o__ n__ d__ o__ n___ M-n- s-e- o-k n-e d-e o-e n-e- ------------------------------ Mens sien ook nie die ore nie. 0
One cannot see his back either. M--s---en --- ------e-ru- n-e. M___ s___ o__ n__ d__ r__ n___ M-n- s-e- o-k n-e d-e r-g n-e- ------------------------------ Mens sien ook nie die rug nie. 0
I am drawing the eyes and the mouth. Ek---ke- die -- -- -ie---n-. E_ t____ d__ o_ e_ d__ m____ E- t-k-n d-e o- e- d-e m-n-. ---------------------------- Ek teken die oë en die mond. 0
The man is dancing and laughing. D-- --- da-s e---ag. D__ m__ d___ e_ l___ D-e m-n d-n- e- l-g- -------------------- Die man dans en lag. 0
The man has a long nose. D-- m-n-h-t----l--g n-u-. D__ m__ h__ ’_ l___ n____ D-e m-n h-t ’- l-n- n-u-. ------------------------- Die man het ’n lang neus. 0
He is carrying a cane in his hands. Hy-dra-’- --o--in s---a-de. H_ d__ ’_ s___ i_ s_ h_____ H- d-a ’- s-o- i- s- h-n-e- --------------------------- Hy dra ’n stok in sy hande. 0
He is also wearing a scarf around his neck. H---r--o-k ------- o---y-nek. H_ d__ o__ ’_ s___ o_ s_ n___ H- d-a o-k ’- s-r- o- s- n-k- ----------------------------- Hy dra ook ’n serp om sy nek. 0
It is winter and it is cold. D-t--- ---ter e--di------. D__ i_ w_____ e_ d__ k____ D-t i- w-n-e- e- d-s k-u-. -------------------------- Dit is winter en dis koud. 0
The arms are athletic. Die-a-m- i- ster--fris. D__ a___ i_ s__________ D-e a-m- i- s-e-k-f-i-. ----------------------- Die arms is sterk/fris. 0
The legs are also athletic. Die b-n--is --k---er-/f---. D__ b___ i_ o__ s__________ D-e b-n- i- o-k s-e-k-f-i-. --------------------------- Die bene is ook sterk/fris. 0
The man is made of snow. Di---a- -- -an--ne-- -em--k. D__ m__ i_ v__ s____ g______ D-e m-n i- v-n s-e-u g-m-a-. ---------------------------- Die man is van sneeu gemaak. 0
He is neither wearing pants nor a coat. Hy---a -ie-’- -r-ek -f -n jas --e. H_ d__ n__ ’_ b____ o_ ’_ j__ n___ H- d-a n-e ’- b-o-k o- ’- j-s n-e- ---------------------------------- Hy dra nie ’n broek of ’n jas nie. 0
But the man is not freezing. M-ar ------n v---s-ni-. M___ d__ m__ v____ n___ M-a- d-e m-n v-i-s n-e- ----------------------- Maar die man vries nie. 0
He is a snowman. H- -s--n s----ma-. H_ i_ ’_ s________ H- i- ’- s-e-u-a-. ------------------ Hy is ’n sneeuman. 0

The language of our ancestors

Modern languages can be analyzed by linguists. Various methods are used to do so. But how did people speak thousands of years ago? It is much more difficult to answer this question. Despite this, scientists have been busy researching for years. They would like to explore how people spoke earlier. In order to do this, they attempt to reconstruct ancient speech forms. American scientists have now made an exciting discovery. They analyzed more than 2,000 languages. In particular they analyzed the sentence structure of the languages. The results of their study were very interesting. About half of the languages had the S-O-V sentence structure. That is to say, the sentences are ordered by subject, object and verb. More than 700 languages follow the pattern S-V-O. And about 160 languages operate according to the V-S-O system. Only about 40 languages use the V-O-S pattern. 120 languages display a hybrid. On the other hand, O-V-S and O-S-V are distinctly rarer systems. The majority of the analyzed languages use the S-O-V principle. Persian, Japanese and Turkish are some examples. Most living languages follow the S-V-O pattern, however. This sentence structure dominates the Indo-European language family today. Researchers believe that the S-O-V model was used earlier. All languages are based on this system. But then the languages diverged. We don't yet know how that happened. However, the variation of sentence structures must have had a reason. Because in evolution, only that which has an advantage prevails…