Parts of the body   »  
Deli telesa

58 [fifty-eight]

Parts of the body

Parts of the body

58 [oseminpetdeset]


Deli telesa

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I am drawing a man. Ri--- m---. Rišem moža. 0 +
First the head. Na----- g----. Najprej glavo. 0 +
The man is wearing a hat. Mo- n--- k-----. Mož nosi klobuk. 0 +
One cannot see the hair. La- s- n- v---. Las se ne vidi. 0 +
One cannot see the ears either. Tu-- u--- s- n- v---. Tudi ušes se ne vidi. 0 +
One cannot see his back either. Hr--- t--- n- v-----. Hrbta tudi ni videti. 0 +
I am drawing the eyes and the mouth. Ri--- o-- i- u---. Rišem oči in usta. 0 +
The man is dancing and laughing. Mo- p---- i- s- s----. Mož pleše in se smeje. 0 +
The man has a long nose. Mo- i-- d--- n--. Mož ima dolg nos. 0 +
He is carrying a cane in his hands. V r---- d--- p-----. V rokah drži palico. 0 +
He is also wearing a scarf around his neck. Ok--- v---- i-- o--- š--. Okoli vrata ima ovit šal. 0 +
It is winter and it is cold. Zi-- j- i- j- m----. Zima je in je mrzlo. 0 +
The arms are athletic. Ro-- s- m----. Roke so močne. 0 +
The legs are also athletic. Tu-- n--- s- m----. Tudi noge so močne. 0 +
The man is made of snow. Mo- j- i- s----. Mož je iz snega. 0 +
He is neither wearing pants nor a coat. Ne n--- n- h---- n- p-----. Ne nosi ne hlač, ne plašča. 0 +
But the man is not freezing. Ve---- t--- m--- n- z---. Vendar tega moža ne zebe. 0 +
He is a snowman. On j- s------ m--. On je sneženi mož. 0 +

The language of our ancestors

Modern languages can be analyzed by linguists. Various methods are used to do so. But how did people speak thousands of years ago? It is much more difficult to answer this question. Despite this, scientists have been busy researching for years. They would like to explore how people spoke earlier. In order to do this, they attempt to reconstruct ancient speech forms. American scientists have now made an exciting discovery. They analyzed more than 2,000 languages. In particular they analyzed the sentence structure of the languages. The results of their study were very interesting. About half of the languages had the S-O-V sentence structure. That is to say, the sentences are ordered by subject, object and verb. More than 700 languages follow the pattern S-V-O. And about 160 languages operate according to the V-S-O system. Only about 40 languages use the V-O-S pattern. 120 languages display a hybrid. On the other hand, O-V-S and O-S-V are distinctly rarer systems. The majority of the analyzed languages use the S-O-V principle. Persian, Japanese and Turkish are some examples. Most living languages follow the S-V-O pattern, however. This sentence structure dominates the Indo-European language family today. Researchers believe that the S-O-V model was used earlier. All languages are based on this system. But then the languages diverged. We don't yet know how that happened. However, the variation of sentence structures must have had a reason. Because in evolution, only that which has an advantage prevails…