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58 [fifty-eight]

Parts of the body

Parts of the body

58 [pêncî û heşt]

Beşên laşî

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I am drawing a man. Ez-wê-e-ê-z--amekî---di--m. E_ w_____ z_______ ç_______ E- w-n-y- z-l-m-k- ç-d-k-m- --------------------------- Ez wêneyê zilamekî çêdikim. 0
First the head. P-şî--e-î. P___ s____ P-ş- s-r-. ---------- Pêşî serî. 0
The man is wearing a hat. Kum---il-m- -eye. K___ z_____ h____ K-m- z-l-m- h-y-. ----------------- Kumê zilamî heye. 0
One cannot see the hair. P-r-nayê xu---i-i-. P__ n___ x_________ P-r n-y- x-y-k-r-n- ------------------- Por nayê xuyakirin. 0
One cannot see the ears either. Gu- jî -uy- nab--. G__ j_ x___ n_____ G-h j- x-y- n-b-n- ------------------ Guh jî xuya nabin. 0
One cannot see his back either. P-ş- ---n-yê -u-ak-r--. P___ j_ n___ x_________ P-ş- j- n-y- x-y-k-r-n- ----------------------- Pişt jî nayê xuyakirin. 0
I am drawing the eyes and the mouth. Ç-vê---î - de-ê ---x-- -----. Ç____ w_ û d___ w_ x__ d_____ Ç-v-n w- û d-v- w- x-z d-k-m- ----------------------------- Çavên wî û devê wî xêz dikim. 0
The man is dancing and laughing. Z--a---an- -ike-- --ke-e. Z____ d___ d___ û d______ Z-l-m d-n- d-k- û d-k-n-. ------------------------- Zilam dans dike û dikene. 0
The man has a long nose. Zi--- --e-- p-ze---di--j e Z____ x____ p_____ d____ e Z-l-m x-e-î p-z-k- d-r-j e -------------------------- Zilam xwedî pozekî dirêj e 0
He is carrying a cane in his hands. D--des-ê ----e ---alek h-y-. D_ d____ w_ d_ g______ h____ D- d-s-ê w- d- g-p-l-k h-y-. ---------------------------- Di destê wî de gopalek heye. 0
He is also wearing a scarf around his neck. D- s-uyê-wî de -----le- -ey-. D_ s____ w_ d_ d_______ h____ D- s-u-ê w- d- d-s-a-e- h-y-. ----------------------------- Di stuyê wî de desmalek heye. 0
It is winter and it is cold. Zi-i-tan e û-h-w--s---e. Z_______ e û h___ s__ e_ Z-v-s-a- e û h-w- s-r e- ------------------------ Zivistan e û hewa sar e. 0
The arms are athletic. Mi--a b----hêz --. M__ a b_ b____ i__ M-l a b- b-h-z i-. ------------------ Mil a bi bihêz in. 0
The legs are also athletic. Çîm jî-- bih----n. Ç__ j_ a b____ i__ Ç-m j- a b-h-z i-. ------------------ Çîm jî a bihêz in. 0
The man is made of snow. Zi-am ji-b------e. Z____ j_ b____ y__ Z-l-m j- b-r-ê y-. ------------------ Zilam ji berfê ye. 0
He is neither wearing pants nor a coat. Şa- û -ap-t- -----n-. Ş__ û q_____ w_ n____ Ş-l û q-p-t- w- n-n-. --------------------- Şal û qapûtê wî nîne. 0
But the man is not freezing. L-belê--il-- n---mi--. L_____ z____ n________ L-b-l- z-l-m n-c-m-d-. ---------------------- Lêbelê zilam nacemide. 0
He is a snowman. Ew-be--e---a-ek--. E_ b___________ e_ E- b-r-e-i-a-e- e- ------------------ Ew berfezilamek e. 0

The language of our ancestors

Modern languages can be analyzed by linguists. Various methods are used to do so. But how did people speak thousands of years ago? It is much more difficult to answer this question. Despite this, scientists have been busy researching for years. They would like to explore how people spoke earlier. In order to do this, they attempt to reconstruct ancient speech forms. American scientists have now made an exciting discovery. They analyzed more than 2,000 languages. In particular they analyzed the sentence structure of the languages. The results of their study were very interesting. About half of the languages had the S-O-V sentence structure. That is to say, the sentences are ordered by subject, object and verb. More than 700 languages follow the pattern S-V-O. And about 160 languages operate according to the V-S-O system. Only about 40 languages use the V-O-S pattern. 120 languages display a hybrid. On the other hand, O-V-S and O-S-V are distinctly rarer systems. The majority of the analyzed languages use the S-O-V principle. Persian, Japanese and Turkish are some examples. Most living languages follow the S-V-O pattern, however. This sentence structure dominates the Indo-European language family today. Researchers believe that the S-O-V model was used earlier. All languages are based on this system. But then the languages diverged. We don't yet know how that happened. However, the variation of sentence structures must have had a reason. Because in evolution, only that which has an advantage prevails…