Parts of the body   »  
Parti del corpo

58 [fifty-eight]

Parts of the body

Parts of the body

58 [cinquantotto]


Parti del corpo

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I am drawing a man. Io d------ u- u---. Io disegno un uomo. 0 +
First the head. Pr--- l- t----. Prima la testa. 0 +
The man is wearing a hat. L’---- i------ u- c-------. L’uomo indossa un cappello. 0 +
One cannot see the hair. No- s- v----- i c------. Non si vedono i capelli. 0 +
One cannot see the ears either. No- s- v----- n------ l- o-------. Non si vedono neanche le orecchie. 0 +
One cannot see his back either. No- s- v--- n------ l- s------. Non si vede neanche la schiena. 0 +
I am drawing the eyes and the mouth. Io d------ g-- o---- e l- b----. Io disegno gli occhi e la bocca. 0 +
The man is dancing and laughing. L’---- b---- e r---. L’uomo balla e ride. 0 +
The man has a long nose. L’---- h- i- n--- l----. L’uomo ha il naso lungo. 0 +
He is carrying a cane in his hands. Lu- h- i- m--- u- b------. Lui ha in mano un bastone. 0 +
He is also wearing a scarf around his neck. Lu- i------ a---- u-- s------ i------ a- c----. Lui indossa anche una sciarpa intorno al collo. 0 +
It is winter and it is cold. È i------ e f- f-----. È inverno e fa freddo. 0 +
The arms are athletic. Le b------ s--- r------. Le braccia sono robuste. 0 +
The legs are also athletic. An--- l- g---- s--- r------. Anche le gambe sono robuste. 0 +
The man is made of snow. L’---- è f---- d- n---. L’uomo è fatto di neve. 0 +
He is neither wearing pants nor a coat. No- i------ n- p-------- n- c------- / s--------. Non indossa né pantaloni né cappotto / soprabito. 0 +
But the man is not freezing. Ma l----- n-- h- f-----. Ma l’uomo non ha freddo. 0 +
He is a snowman. È u- p------ d- n---. È un pupazzo di neve. 0 +

The language of our ancestors

Modern languages can be analyzed by linguists. Various methods are used to do so. But how did people speak thousands of years ago? It is much more difficult to answer this question. Despite this, scientists have been busy researching for years. They would like to explore how people spoke earlier. In order to do this, they attempt to reconstruct ancient speech forms. American scientists have now made an exciting discovery. They analyzed more than 2,000 languages. In particular they analyzed the sentence structure of the languages. The results of their study were very interesting. About half of the languages had the S-O-V sentence structure. That is to say, the sentences are ordered by subject, object and verb. More than 700 languages follow the pattern S-V-O. And about 160 languages operate according to the V-S-O system. Only about 40 languages use the V-O-S pattern. 120 languages display a hybrid. On the other hand, O-V-S and O-S-V are distinctly rarer systems. The majority of the analyzed languages use the S-O-V principle. Persian, Japanese and Turkish are some examples. Most living languages follow the S-V-O pattern, however. This sentence structure dominates the Indo-European language family today. Researchers believe that the S-O-V model was used earlier. All languages are based on this system. But then the languages diverged. We don't yet know how that happened. However, the variation of sentence structures must have had a reason. Because in evolution, only that which has an advantage prevails…