en Parts of the body   »   nn Kroppsdelar

58 [fifty-eight]

Parts of the body

Parts of the body

58 [femtiåtte]


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I am drawing a man. E---ei-------- ---n. E_ t______ e__ m____ E- t-i-n-r e-n m-n-. -------------------- Eg teiknar ein mann. 0
First the head. Fyrst -ov-de-. F____ h_______ F-r-t h-v-d-t- -------------- Fyrst hovudet. 0
The man is wearing a hat. M-nnen h-r -å seg--i--h-tt. M_____ h__ p_ s__ e__ h____ M-n-e- h-r p- s-g e-n h-t-. --------------------------- Mannen har på seg ein hatt. 0
One cannot see the hair. Du ser-ik--- h---t. D_ s__ i____ h_____ D- s-r i-k-e h-r-t- ------------------- Du ser ikkje håret. 0
One cannot see the ears either. Du -er --k-e ø-ro --l---. D_ s__ i____ ø___ h______ D- s-r i-k-e ø-r- h-l-e-. ------------------------- Du ser ikkje øyro heller. 0
One cannot see his back either. D--s-------e r---------le-. D_ s__ i____ r_____ h______ D- s-r i-k-e r-g-e- h-l-e-. --------------------------- Du ser ikkje ryggen heller. 0
I am drawing the eyes and the mouth. Eg --i---r-aug--og mu--e-. E_ t______ a___ o_ m______ E- t-i-n-r a-g- o- m-n-e-. -------------------------- Eg teiknar augo og munnen. 0
The man is dancing and laughing. M-nne--dan-ar-o- l-r. M_____ d_____ o_ l___ M-n-e- d-n-a- o- l-r- --------------------- Mannen dansar og ler. 0
The man has a long nose. M-nn---h---l--g -a-e. M_____ h__ l___ n____ M-n-e- h-r l-n- n-s-. --------------------- Mannen har lang nase. 0
He is carrying a cane in his hands. Han -a- -i---t----- -an-a. H__ h__ e__ s____ i h_____ H-n h-r e-n s-o-k i h-n-a- -------------------------- Han har ein stokk i handa. 0
He is also wearing a scarf around his neck. H-- har--- -i- -k-er- -undt--a-sen. H__ h__ ò_ e__ s_____ r____ h______ H-n h-r ò- e-t s-j-r- r-n-t h-l-e-. ----------------------------------- Han har òg eit skjerf rundt halsen. 0
It is winter and it is cold. D-t--- -i-ter-----d---e---a--t. D__ e_ v______ o_ d__ e_ k_____ D-t e- v-n-e-, o- d-t e- k-l-t- ------------------------------- Det er vinter, og det er kaldt. 0
The arms are athletic. Ar-ane--- kr-f-ig-. A_____ e_ k________ A-m-n- e- k-a-t-g-. ------------------- Armane er kraftige. 0
The legs are also athletic. Be--- -r-òg -r-ft-ge. B____ e_ ò_ k________ B-i-a e- ò- k-a-t-g-. --------------------- Beina er òg kraftige. 0
The man is made of snow. Ma--en er----snø. M_____ e_ a_ s___ M-n-e- e- a- s-ø- ----------------- Mannen er av snø. 0
He is neither wearing pants nor a coat. H-----r----a--ukse-p----g- o- i-g-n--ra-k. H__ h__ i___ b____ p_ s___ o_ i____ f_____ H-n h-r i-g- b-k-e p- s-g- o- i-g-n f-a-k- ------------------------------------------ Han har inga bukse på seg, og ingen frakk. 0
But the man is not freezing. Me--m--n-n---y- --kje. M__ m_____ f___ i_____ M-n m-n-e- f-y- i-k-e- ---------------------- Men mannen frys ikkje. 0
He is a snowman. D-t--- -i- -nø-a--. D__ e_ e__ s_______ D-t e- e-n s-ø-a-n- ------------------- Det er ein snømann. 0

The language of our ancestors

Modern languages can be analyzed by linguists. Various methods are used to do so. But how did people speak thousands of years ago? It is much more difficult to answer this question. Despite this, scientists have been busy researching for years. They would like to explore how people spoke earlier. In order to do this, they attempt to reconstruct ancient speech forms. American scientists have now made an exciting discovery. They analyzed more than 2,000 languages. In particular they analyzed the sentence structure of the languages. The results of their study were very interesting. About half of the languages had the S-O-V sentence structure. That is to say, the sentences are ordered by subject, object and verb. More than 700 languages follow the pattern S-V-O. And about 160 languages operate according to the V-S-O system. Only about 40 languages use the V-O-S pattern. 120 languages display a hybrid. On the other hand, O-V-S and O-S-V are distinctly rarer systems. The majority of the analyzed languages use the S-O-V principle. Persian, Japanese and Turkish are some examples. Most living languages follow the S-V-O pattern, however. This sentence structure dominates the Indo-European language family today. Researchers believe that the S-O-V model was used earlier. All languages are based on this system. But then the languages diverged. We don't yet know how that happened. However, the variation of sentence structures must have had a reason. Because in evolution, only that which has an advantage prevails…