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en Small Talk 3   »   am አነስተኛ ንግግር 3

22 [twenty-two]

Small Talk 3

Small Talk 3

22 [ሃያ ሁለት]

22 [haya huleti]

አነስተኛ ንግግር 3

[āch’ach’iri nigigiri 3]

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Do you smoke? ሲጋራ -ጨ--? ሲ__ ያ____ ሲ-ራ ያ-ሳ-? --------- ሲጋራ ያጨሳሉ? 0
sī-a-- yach’e--l-? s_____ y__________ s-g-r- y-c-’-s-l-? ------------------ sīgara yach’esalu?
I used to. በፊ--አ-ስ--በረ። በ__ አ__ ነ___ በ-ት አ-ስ ነ-ረ- ------------ በፊት አጨስ ነበረ። 0
b-fīti āch---i ne--re. b_____ ā______ n______ b-f-t- ā-h-e-i n-b-r-. ---------------------- befīti āch’esi nebere.
But I don’t smoke anymore. ግ- -ሁን--ላጨ--። ግ_ አ__ አ_____ ግ- አ-ን አ-ጨ-ም- ------------- ግን አሁን አላጨስም። 0
gi-i-ā--ni āl--h-e---i. g___ ā____ ā___________ g-n- ā-u-i ā-a-h-e-i-i- ----------------------- gini āhuni ālach’esimi.
Does it disturb you if I smoke? ሲ-- --- -ረ--ታል? ሲ__ ባ__ ይ______ ሲ-ራ ባ-ስ ይ-ብ-ታ-? --------------- ሲጋራ ባጨስ ይረብሾታል? 0
sī-ara -a--’e-----re----ot-li? s_____ b_______ y_____________ s-g-r- b-c-’-s- y-r-b-s-o-a-i- ------------------------------ sīgara bach’esi yirebishotali?
No, absolutely not. አ-----ጹ--። አ__ በ___ ። አ-ይ በ-ጹ- ። ---------- አያይ በፍጹም ። 0
ā---i -e-i-s-umi-. ā____ b_________ . ā-a-i b-f-t-’-m- . ------------------ āyayi befits’umi .
It doesn’t disturb me. እኔ- አ---ሽኝም። እ__ አ_______ እ-ን አ-ረ-ሽ-ም- ------------ እኔን አይረብሽኝም። 0
inēni-ā----bi-hi-yimi. i____ ā_______________ i-ē-i ā-i-e-i-h-n-i-i- ---------------------- inēni āyirebishinyimi.
Will you drink something? የ-------ይጠጣሉ? የ__ ነ__ ይ____ የ-ነ ነ-ር ይ-ጣ-? ------------- የሆነ ነገር ይጠጣሉ? 0
y-h-n- ---e-i-y--’e-’-l-? y_____ n_____ y__________ y-h-n- n-g-r- y-t-e-’-l-? ------------------------- yehone negeri yit’et’alu?
A brandy? ኮ-ክ? ኮ___ ኮ-ክ- ---- ኮኛክ? 0
k-ny---? k_______ k-n-a-i- -------- konyaki?
No, preferably a beer. አ------ -ሆን --ዳ--። አ___ ቢ_ ቢ__ እ_____ አ-ይ- ቢ- ቢ-ን እ-ዳ-ው- ------------------ አያይ። ቢራ ቢሆን እወዳለው። 0
ā---i. bī-a-b-h--i i-e-ale--. ā_____ b___ b_____ i_________ ā-a-i- b-r- b-h-n- i-e-a-e-i- ----------------------------- āyayi. bīra bīhoni iwedalewi.
Do you travel a lot? ብ--ጊዜ -ደ ሌላ-ሃ-ር ይሄ-ሉ? ብ_ ጊ_ ወ_ ሌ_ ሃ__ ይ____ ብ- ጊ- ወ- ሌ- ሃ-ር ይ-ዳ-? --------------------- ብዙ ጊዜ ወደ ሌላ ሃገር ይሄዳሉ? 0
bi-- ---ē -e-e --la-h--eri yih--al-? b___ g___ w___ l___ h_____ y________ b-z- g-z- w-d- l-l- h-g-r- y-h-d-l-? ------------------------------------ bizu gīzē wede lēla hageri yihēdalu?
Yes, mostly on business trips. አዎ- ---ኛዎቹ-ለስ-----ች---ው። አ__ አ_____ ለ__ ጉ___ ና___ አ-፤ አ-ዛ-ዎ- ለ-ራ ጉ-ዎ- ና-ው- ------------------------ አዎ፤ አብዛኛዎቹ ለስራ ጉዞዎች ናቸው። 0
āw------za-------u le-ira--uzow-c-i ---he--. ā___ ā____________ l_____ g________ n_______ ā-o- ā-i-a-y-w-c-u l-s-r- g-z-w-c-i n-c-e-i- -------------------------------------------- āwo; ābizanyawochu lesira guzowochi nachewi.
But now we’re on holiday. ግ- -ሁን-እኛ --ፍት -----ን ነ-። ግ_ አ__ እ_ እ___ እ_____ ነ__ ግ- አ-ን እ- እ-ፍ- እ-ወ-ድ- ነ-። ------------------------- ግን አሁን እኛ እረፍት እየወሰድን ነው። 0
g-----h-------a-ire------ye---ed-ni-n-w-. g___ ā____ i___ i______ i__________ n____ g-n- ā-u-i i-y- i-e-i-i i-e-e-e-i-i n-w-. ----------------------------------------- gini āhuni inya irefiti iyewesedini newi.
It’s so hot! በጣም--ጠ- -ው! በ__ ቃ__ ነ__ በ-ም ቃ-ሎ ነ-! ----------- በጣም ቃጠሎ ነው! 0
b--’--- --at’-lo-----! b______ k_______ n____ b-t-a-i k-a-’-l- n-w-! ---------------------- bet’ami k’at’elo newi!
Yes, today it’s really hot. አ- ዛሬ-በጣም---ት-ነ-። አ_ ዛ_ በ__ ሞ__ ነ__ አ- ዛ- በ-ም ሞ-ት ነ-። ----------------- አዎ ዛሬ በጣም ሞቃት ነው። 0
āw- zarē --t-a-- mo--at--ne-i. ā__ z___ b______ m______ n____ ā-o z-r- b-t-a-i m-k-a-i n-w-. ------------------------------ āwo zarē bet’ami mok’ati newi.
Let’s go to the balcony. ወደ--ረ---እ---። ወ_ በ___ እ____ ወ- በ-ን- እ-ሂ-። ------------- ወደ በረንዳ እንሂድ። 0
w-de b-r-ni-- --ih---. w___ b_______ i_______ w-d- b-r-n-d- i-i-ī-i- ---------------------- wede berenida inihīdi.
There’s a party here tomorrow. ነገ እዚ- -ግስ---። ነ_ እ__ ድ__ አ__ ነ- እ-ህ ድ-ስ አ-። -------------- ነገ እዚህ ድግስ አለ። 0
neg- iz-hi--i--s---le. n___ i____ d_____ ā___ n-g- i-ī-i d-g-s- ā-e- ---------------------- nege izīhi digisi āle.
Are you also coming? እ-ስዎም---ጣሉ? እ____ ይ____ እ-ስ-ም ይ-ጣ-? ----------- እርስዎም ይመጣሉ? 0
i----wom----met-al-? i________ y_________ i-i-i-o-i y-m-t-a-u- -------------------- irisiwomi yimet’alu?
Yes, we’ve also been invited. አ-። -ኛም---ብ-ናል። አ__ እ__ ተ______ አ-። እ-ም ተ-ብ-ና-። --------------- አዎ። እኛም ተጋብዘናል። 0
ā-o--iny-mi-t--a--z-n---. ā___ i_____ t____________ ā-o- i-y-m- t-g-b-z-n-l-. ------------------------- āwo. inyami tegabizenali.

Language and writing

Each language is used for communication between people. When we speak, we express what we are thinking and feeling. In doing so, we don't always stick to the rules of our language. We use our own language, our vernacular. It's different in written language. Here, all the rules of our language are displayed. Writing is what enables a language to become a real language. It makes language visible. Through writing, thousands of years' worth of knowledge is passed on. This is why writing is the foundation of every sophisticated culture. The first form of writing was invented more than 5,000 years ago. It was the cuneiform writing of the Sumerians. It was carved into slabs of clay. This cuneiform was used for three hundred years. The hieroglyphics of the ancient Egyptians existed for about as long. Countless scientists have devoted their studies to it. Hieroglyphics represent a relatively complicated writing system. However, it was probably invented for a very simple reason. The Egypt of that time was a vast kingdom with many inhabitants. Everyday life and above all the economic system needed to be organized. Taxes and accounting needed to be efficiently managed. For this, the ancient Egyptians developed their graphic characters. Alphabetic writing systems, on the other hand, go back to the Sumerians. Each writing system reveals a great deal about the people who use it. Furthermore, each country shows its own characteristics through its writing. Unfortunately, the art of handwriting is disappearing. Modern technology makes it almost superfluous. So: Don't just speak, keep writing too!
Did you know?
Kannada is a member of the Dravidian language family. These languages are primarily spoken in southern India. Kannada is not related to the Indo-Aryan languages of northern India. Approximately 40 million people speak Kannada as their native language. It is recognized as one of the 22 national languages of India. Kannada is an agglutinating language. That means that grammatical functions are expressed by affixes. The language is divided into four regional dialect groups. The dialect indicates where the speakers come from. Additionally, their social class can also be identified based on their language. Spoken and written Kannada differ from one another. Like many other Indian languages, Kannada has its own writing system. It is a hybrid of alphabet and syllabic writing. It consists of many round symbols, which is typical for southern Indian writing systems. And it is really a lot of fun to learn these beautiful letters.