en Small Talk 3   »   ar ‫محادثة قصيرة ،رقم 3‬

22 [twenty-two]

Small Talk 3

Small Talk 3

‫22 [اثنان وعشرون]‬

22 [athnan waeashruna]

‫محادثة قصيرة ،رقم 3‬

[mhadathat qasirat ,raqam 3]

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Do you smoke? ‫هل--دخن-‬ ‫هل تدخن؟‬ ‫-ل ت-خ-؟- ---------- ‫هل تدخن؟‬ 0
hl --k-n? hl tdkhn? h- t-k-n- --------- hl tdkhn?
I used to. ‫-----اب-ا---دخن.‬ ‫كنت سابقا- أدخن.‬ ‫-ن- س-ب-ا- أ-خ-.- ------------------ ‫كنت سابقاً أدخن.‬ 0
kun----bqa-n -adak-na. kunt sabqaan 'adakhna. k-n- s-b-a-n '-d-k-n-. ---------------------- kunt sabqaan 'adakhna.
But I don’t smoke anymore. ‫لك--ا--ن- -خلي--ع--.‬ ‫لكن الان، تخليت عنه.‬ ‫-ك- ا-ا-، ت-ل-ت ع-ه-‬ ---------------------- ‫لكن الان، تخليت عنه.‬ 0
lkun--l-a-, ---hl-t-e--h-. lkun alaan, takhlit eanha. l-u- a-a-n- t-k-l-t e-n-a- -------------------------- lkun alaan, takhlit eanha.
Does it disturb you if I smoke? ‫-يز----إن -خن--‬ ‫أيزعجك إن دخنت؟‬ ‫-ي-ع-ك إ- د-ن-؟- ----------------- ‫أيزعجك إن دخنت؟‬ 0
a--zaej-k-'iin --khn--? ayazaejuk 'iin dakhnat? a-a-a-j-k '-i- d-k-n-t- ----------------------- ayazaejuk 'iin dakhnat?
No, absolutely not. ‫لا---لى----طل---‬ ‫لا، على الإطلاق.‬ ‫-ا- ع-ى ا-إ-ل-ق-‬ ------------------ ‫لا، على الإطلاق.‬ 0
la-,-ea--a-a-----l-q. laa, ealaa al'iitlaq. l-a- e-l-a a-'-i-l-q- --------------------- laa, ealaa al'iitlaq.
It doesn’t disturb me. ‫-ذ--لا---عجني-‬ ‫هذا لا يزعجني.‬ ‫-ذ- ل- ي-ع-ن-.- ---------------- ‫هذا لا يزعجني.‬ 0
h--a-l- y--a-ajn-. hdha la yuzaeajni. h-h- l- y-z-e-j-i- ------------------ hdha la yuzaeajni.
Will you drink something? ‫- ت-----ي-ًا؟‬ ‫أ تشرب شيئ-ا؟‬ ‫- ت-ر- ش-ئ-ا-‬ --------------- ‫أ تشرب شيئًا؟‬ 0
a t-shr-- -h-----? a tashrub shyyana? a t-s-r-b s-y-a-a- ------------------ a tashrub shyyana?
A brandy? ‫-د-ا---ن------ي-ك؟‬ ‫قدحا- من الكونياك؟‬ ‫-د-ا- م- ا-ك-ن-ا-؟- -------------------- ‫قدحاً من الكونياك؟‬ 0
qd---- min ----n---? qdhaan min alkuniak? q-h-a- m-n a-k-n-a-? -------------------- qdhaan min alkuniak?
No, preferably a beer. ‫-ا--أ-ض--كأ--ً--ن-ال--ة.‬ ‫لا، أفضل كأسا- من الجعة.‬ ‫-ا- أ-ض- ك-س-ً م- ا-ج-ة-‬ -------------------------- ‫لا، أفضل كأساً من الجعة.‬ 0
laa--'---al-ka-----mi--al-ieat-. laa, 'afdal kasaan min aljieata. l-a- '-f-a- k-s-a- m-n a-j-e-t-. -------------------------------- laa, 'afdal kasaan min aljieata.
Do you travel a lot? ‫أ-س--- ك----ا؟‬ ‫أتسافر كثير-ا؟‬ ‫-ت-ا-ر ك-ي-ً-؟- ---------------- ‫أتسافر كثيرًا؟‬ 0
a-a--f-- kt---a-a? atasafir kthyrana? a-a-a-i- k-h-r-n-? ------------------ atasafir kthyrana?
Yes, mostly on business trips. ‫---، --ال-ً- -----و- -ح-ا- ----‬ ‫نعم، وغالب-ا ما تكون رحلات عمل.‬ ‫-ع-، و-ا-ب-ا م- ت-و- ر-ل-ت ع-ل-‬ --------------------------------- ‫نعم، وغالبًا ما تكون رحلات عمل.‬ 0
n--m----halban- -----ku- r--la--e-mal-. neim, wghalbana ma takun rihlat eamala. n-i-, w-h-l-a-a m- t-k-n r-h-a- e-m-l-. --------------------------------------- neim, wghalbana ma takun rihlat eamala.
But now we’re on holiday. ‫---ن -ل-ن --ضي-ا---ازة -ن--‬ ‫ولكن الآن نمضي الإجازة هنا.‬ ‫-ل-ن ا-آ- ن-ض- ا-إ-ا-ة ه-ا-‬ ----------------------------- ‫ولكن الآن نمضي الإجازة هنا.‬ 0
w-k-n---a- namd--al'i---zat-hu--. wlkun alan namdi al'iijazat huna. w-k-n a-a- n-m-i a-'-i-a-a- h-n-. --------------------------------- wlkun alan namdi al'iijazat huna.
It’s so hot! ‫-ا--ذا ا----‬ ‫ما هذا الحر!‬ ‫-ا ه-ا ا-ح-!- -------------- ‫ما هذا الحر!‬ 0
ma hdha al-a-! ma hdha alhar! m- h-h- a-h-r- -------------- ma hdha alhar!
Yes, today it’s really hot. ‫ن-م--با--ع- ا-ي-- ح-- ج--ا-‬ ‫نعم، بالفعل اليوم حار جد-ا.‬ ‫-ع-، ب-ل-ع- ا-ي-م ح-ر ج-ً-.- ----------------------------- ‫نعم، بالفعل اليوم حار جدًا.‬ 0
ne--,--alf-l --ya-m--a--jdana. neim, balfel alyawm har jdana. n-i-, b-l-e- a-y-w- h-r j-a-a- ------------------------------ neim, balfel alyawm har jdana.
Let’s go to the balcony. ‫ل--ر----- ال---فة-‬ ‫لنخرج إلى الش-رفة.‬ ‫-ن-ر- إ-ى ا-ش-ر-ة-‬ -------------------- ‫لنخرج إلى الشُرفة.‬ 0
ln--hru--'iilaa-a-s-urf. lnakhruj 'iilaa alshurf. l-a-h-u- '-i-a- a-s-u-f- ------------------------ lnakhruj 'iilaa alshurf.
There’s a party here tomorrow. ‫غ--- س------ف-------‬ ‫غدا- ستقام حفلة هنا.‬ ‫-د-ً س-ق-م ح-ل- ه-ا-‬ ---------------------- ‫غداً ستقام حفلة هنا.‬ 0
gh---n--at-qam-----at-----n-. ghdaan satuqam haflatan huna. g-d-a- s-t-q-m h-f-a-a- h-n-. ----------------------------- ghdaan satuqam haflatan huna.
Are you also coming? ‫---ست-تي أ----‬ ‫هل ستاتي أيضا؟‬ ‫-ل س-ا-ي أ-ض-؟- ---------------- ‫هل ستاتي أيضا؟‬ 0
hl----a-i ---da? hl satati 'ayda? h- s-t-t- '-y-a- ---------------- hl satati 'ayda?
Yes, we’ve also been invited. ‫---ا-، فنح--م-عو--ن-‬ ‫طبعا-، فنحن مدعو-ون.‬ ‫-ب-ا-، ف-ح- م-ع-ّ-ن-‬ ---------------------- ‫طبعاً، فنحن مدعوّون.‬ 0
t--a-n---n-- m-e-wwn. tbeaan, fnhn mdewwwn. t-e-a-, f-h- m-e-w-n- --------------------- tbeaan, fnhn mdewwwn.

Language and writing

Each language is used for communication between people. When we speak, we express what we are thinking and feeling. In doing so, we don't always stick to the rules of our language. We use our own language, our vernacular. It's different in written language. Here, all the rules of our language are displayed. Writing is what enables a language to become a real language. It makes language visible. Through writing, thousands of years' worth of knowledge is passed on. This is why writing is the foundation of every sophisticated culture. The first form of writing was invented more than 5,000 years ago. It was the cuneiform writing of the Sumerians. It was carved into slabs of clay. This cuneiform was used for three hundred years. The hieroglyphics of the ancient Egyptians existed for about as long. Countless scientists have devoted their studies to it. Hieroglyphics represent a relatively complicated writing system. However, it was probably invented for a very simple reason. The Egypt of that time was a vast kingdom with many inhabitants. Everyday life and above all the economic system needed to be organized. Taxes and accounting needed to be efficiently managed. For this, the ancient Egyptians developed their graphic characters. Alphabetic writing systems, on the other hand, go back to the Sumerians. Each writing system reveals a great deal about the people who use it. Furthermore, each country shows its own characteristics through its writing. Unfortunately, the art of handwriting is disappearing. Modern technology makes it almost superfluous. So: Don't just speak, keep writing too!
Did you know?
Kannada is a member of the Dravidian language family. These languages are primarily spoken in southern India. Kannada is not related to the Indo-Aryan languages of northern India. Approximately 40 million people speak Kannada as their native language. It is recognized as one of the 22 national languages of India. Kannada is an agglutinating language. That means that grammatical functions are expressed by affixes. The language is divided into four regional dialect groups. The dialect indicates where the speakers come from. Additionally, their social class can also be identified based on their language. Spoken and written Kannada differ from one another. Like many other Indian languages, Kannada has its own writing system. It is a hybrid of alphabet and syllabic writing. It consists of many round symbols, which is typical for southern Indian writing systems. And it is really a lot of fun to learn these beautiful letters.