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54 [fifty-four]



54 [vier en vyftig]


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I want to buy a present. E- wil-’n gesk--k -oop. E_ w__ ’_ g______ k____ E- w-l ’- g-s-e-k k-o-. ----------------------- Ek wil ’n geskenk koop. 0
But nothing too expensive. Ma-r-n-e-te-duu- ---. M___ n__ t_ d___ n___ M-a- n-e t- d-u- n-e- --------------------- Maar nie te duur nie. 0
Maybe a handbag? Mi--ie- -n-----s--? M______ ’_ h_______ M-s-i-n ’- h-n-s-k- ------------------- Miskien ’n handsak? 0
Which color would you like? Watte---l-u---o-- -? W_____ k____ s___ u_ W-t-e- k-e-r s-e- u- -------------------- Watter kleur soek u? 0
Black, brown or white? Sw-rt, b-uin o----t? S_____ b____ o_ w___ S-a-t- b-u-n o- w-t- -------------------- Swart, bruin of wit? 0
A large one or a small one? ’- G-ot- o- -- --e-n-j--? ’_ G____ o_ ’_ k_________ ’- G-o-e o- ’- k-e-n-j-e- ------------------------- ’n Grote of ’n kleintjie? 0
May I see this one, please? Ma- e---ie e-- -ie---sseblie-? M__ e_ d__ e__ s___ a_________ M-g e- d-e e-n s-e- a-s-b-i-f- ------------------------------ Mag ek die een sien asseblief? 0
Is it made of leather? I---i---a---eer--e-a-k? I_ d__ v__ l___ g______ I- d-t v-n l-e- g-m-a-? ----------------------- Is dit van leer gemaak? 0
Or is it made of plastic? Of--s-di---an--l-stiek? O_ i_ d__ v__ p________ O- i- d-t v-n p-a-t-e-? ----------------------- Of is dit van plastiek? 0
Of leather, of course. V-n -eer-----uu-l--. V__ l____ n_________ V-n l-e-, n-t-u-l-k- -------------------- Van leer, natuurlik. 0
This is very good quality. D-t-i- b--on----e g--i- k--l-t-i-. D__ i_ b_________ g____ k_________ D-t i- b-s-n-e-s- g-e-e k-a-i-e-t- ---------------------------------- Dit is besonderse goeie kwaliteit. 0
And the bag is really very reasonable. E- die -an---k i--w-r-l-k billi-. E_ d__ h______ i_ w______ b______ E- d-e h-n-s-k i- w-r-l-k b-l-i-. --------------------------------- En die handsak is werklik billik. 0
I like it. E- -ou-da-r--n. E_ h__ d_______ E- h-u d-a-v-n- --------------- Ek hou daarvan. 0
I’ll take it. E--sa- --t-nee-. E_ s__ d__ n____ E- s-l d-t n-e-. ---------------- Ek sal dit neem. 0
Can I exchange it if needed? K-n e- di---mrui- ind--n n-di-? K__ e_ d__ o_____ i_____ n_____ K-n e- d-t o-r-i- i-d-e- n-d-g- ------------------------------- Kan ek dit omruil indien nodig? 0
Of course. Van-elfspr--end. V_______________ V-n-e-f-p-e-e-d- ---------------- Vanselfsprekend. 0
We’ll gift wrap it. On- s----------’--ge-k-n---o-d---i. O__ s__ d__ a_ ’_ g______ t________ O-s s-l d-t a- ’- g-s-e-k t-e-r-a-. ----------------------------------- Ons sal dit as ’n geskenk toedraai. 0
The cashier is over there. Daar-anderkan- -- di--k-s--er. D___ a________ i_ d__ k_______ D-a- a-d-r-a-t i- d-e k-s-i-r- ------------------------------ Daar anderkant is die kassier. 0

Who understands whom?

There are about 7 billion people in the world. They all have a language. Unfortunately, it's not always the same. So in order to speak with other nations, we must learn languages. That is often very arduous. But there are languages that are very similar. Their speakers understand one another, without mastering the other language. This phenomenon is called mutual intelligibility . Whereby two variants are distinguished. The first variant is oral mutual intelligibility . Here, the speakers understand each other when they talk. They do not understand the written form of the other language, however. This is because the languages have different written forms. Examples of this are the languages Hindi and Urdu. Written mutual intelligibility is the second variant. In this case, the other language is understood in its written form. But the speakers do not understand each other when they speak to each other. The reason for this is that they have very different pronunciation. German and Dutch are examples of this. The most closely related languages contain both variants. Meaning they are mutually intelligible both orally and in written form. Russian and Ukrainian or Thai and Laotian are examples. But there is also an asymmetrical form of mutual intelligibility. That is the case when speakers have different levels of understanding each other. Portuguese understand Spanish better than the Spanish understand Portuguese. Austrians also understand Germans better than the other way around. In these examples, pronunciation or dialect is a hindrance. He who really wants to have good conversations must learn something new…