Phrasebook

en big – small   »   ro mare – mic

68 [sixty-eight]

big – small

big – small

68 [şaizeci şi opt]

mare – mic

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big and small m-re -- --c mare şi mic m-r- ş- m-c ----------- mare şi mic 0
The elephant is big. E-ef-nt-- --t- -a--. Elefantul este mare. E-e-a-t-l e-t- m-r-. -------------------- Elefantul este mare. 0
The mouse is small. Şo--e-e---e--e m--. Şoarecele este mic. Ş-a-e-e-e e-t- m-c- ------------------- Şoarecele este mic. 0
dark and bright întu--cat----l-mi-os întunecat şi luminos î-t-n-c-t ş- l-m-n-s -------------------- întunecat şi luminos 0
The night is dark. N-aptea ---- --t--ecat-. Noaptea este întunecată. N-a-t-a e-t- î-t-n-c-t-. ------------------------ Noaptea este întunecată. 0
The day is bright. Z-ua e------mi-o--ă. Ziua este luminoasă. Z-u- e-t- l-m-n-a-ă- -------------------- Ziua este luminoasă. 0
old and young b-trâ---i-t---r bătrân şi tânăr b-t-â- ş- t-n-r --------------- bătrân şi tânăr 0
Our grandfather is very old. Bu--cu- n--tru e--e----rt- -ă-râ-. Bunicul nostru este foarte bătrân. B-n-c-l n-s-r- e-t- f-a-t- b-t-â-. ---------------------------------- Bunicul nostru este foarte bătrân. 0
70 years ago he was still young. În -rmă------ d- ani --a încă tân-r. În urmă cu 70 de ani era încă tânăr. Î- u-m- c- 7- d- a-i e-a î-c- t-n-r- ------------------------------------ În urmă cu 70 de ani era încă tânăr. 0
beautiful and ugly frumo- ş- -r-t frumos şi urât f-u-o- ş- u-â- -------------- frumos şi urât 0
The butterfly is beautiful. Flu--re-e-est---r----. Fluturele este frumos. F-u-u-e-e e-t- f-u-o-. ---------------------- Fluturele este frumos. 0
The spider is ugly. Pă--n-e-ul-este-u---. Păianjenul este urât. P-i-n-e-u- e-t- u-â-. --------------------- Păianjenul este urât. 0
fat and thin g--- ş----ab gras şi slab g-a- ş- s-a- ------------ gras şi slab 0
A woman who weighs a hundred kilos is fat. O --meie-la--0- -e kil-gr-m- --t---ra--. O femeie la 100 de kilograme este grasă. O f-m-i- l- 1-0 d- k-l-g-a-e e-t- g-a-ă- ---------------------------------------- O femeie la 100 de kilograme este grasă. 0
A man who weighs fifty kilos is thin. Un------- la 50 -e-k--ograme--ste-----. Un bărbat la 50 de kilograme este slab. U- b-r-a- l- 5- d- k-l-g-a-e e-t- s-a-. --------------------------------------- Un bărbat la 50 de kilograme este slab. 0
expensive and cheap s-ump -- ief-in scump şi ieftin s-u-p ş- i-f-i- --------------- scump şi ieftin 0
The car is expensive. Ma---- e----sc--p-. Maşina este scumpă. M-ş-n- e-t- s-u-p-. ------------------- Maşina este scumpă. 0
The newspaper is cheap. Z-a-ul -ste i--t--. Ziarul este ieftin. Z-a-u- e-t- i-f-i-. ------------------- Ziarul este ieftin. 0

Code-switching

More and more people are growing up bilingual. They can speak more than one language. Many of these people often switch languages. They decide which language to use depending on the situation. For example, they speak a different language at work than at home. By doing so, they adapt themselves to their environment. But there is also the possibility of switching languages spontaneously. This phenomenon is called code-switching . In code-switching, the language gets switched in the middle of speaking. There could be many reasons why speakers switch languages. Often, they don't find the appropriate word in one language. They can express themselves better in the other language. It can also be that the speaker feels more confident in one of the languages. They use this language for private or personal things. Sometimes a certain word doesn't exist in a language. In this case the speaker must switch languages. Or they switch languages so that they aren't understood. In that case code-switching works like a secret language. Earlier, mixing languages was criticized. It was thought that the speaker couldn't speak either language correctly. Today it is viewed differently. Code-switching is recognized as a special linguistic competence. It can be interesting to observe speakers using code-switching. Often, they don't just switch the language they're speaking. Other communicative elements change as well. Many speak faster, louder or more accentuated in the other language. Or they suddenly use more gestures and facial expressions. In this way, code-switching is always a little bit of culture-switching too…