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en Past tense 1   »   ar ‫صيغة الماضي 1‬

81 [eighty-one]

Past tense 1

Past tense 1

‫81[واحد وثمانون]‬

81[wahid wathamanuna]

‫صيغة الماضي 1‬

[syghat almadi 1]

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to write ي--ب‬ يكتب‬ ي-ت-‬ ----- يكتب‬ 0
y--tab yaktab y-k-a- ------ yaktab
He wrote a letter. ‫-و------س-ل--‬ ‫هو كتب رسالة.‬ ‫-و ك-ب ر-ا-ة-‬ --------------- ‫هو كتب رسالة.‬ 0
h- k---b -isa---a. hw kutib risalata. h- k-t-b r-s-l-t-. ------------------ hw kutib risalata.
And she wrote a card. ‫وهي كت-- بطاق--‬ ‫وهي كتبت بطاقة.‬ ‫-ه- ك-ب- ب-ا-ة-‬ ----------------- ‫وهي كتبت بطاقة.‬ 0
w-i-k--abt bi-a-ata. whi katabt bitaqata. w-i k-t-b- b-t-q-t-. -------------------- whi katabt bitaqata.
to read يقرأ‬ يقرأ‬ ي-ر-‬ ----- يقرأ‬ 0
yaqra yaqra y-q-a ----- yaqra
He read a magazine. ‫-- -رأ--ج-ة.‬ ‫هو قرأ مجلة.‬ ‫-و ق-أ م-ل-.- -------------- ‫هو قرأ مجلة.‬ 0
h- ------uj---a. hw qara mujlata. h- q-r- m-j-a-a- ---------------- hw qara mujlata.
And she read a book. ‫و---قر-ت -تا-ا--‬ ‫وهي قرأت كتابا-.‬ ‫-ه- ق-أ- ك-ا-ا-.- ------------------ ‫وهي قرأت كتاباً.‬ 0
whi -ara---t-b-a-. whi qarat ktabaan. w-i q-r-t k-a-a-n- ------------------ whi qarat ktabaan.
to take يأخذ يأخذ ي-خ- ---- يأخذ 0
ya---dh yakhudh y-k-u-h ------- yakhudh
He took a cigarette. ‫ه--أ-- ---ارة.‬ ‫هو أخذ سيجارة.‬ ‫-و أ-ذ س-ج-ر-.- ---------------- ‫هو أخذ سيجارة.‬ 0
hw-----a----a-u-a--ta. hw 'akhadh sayujarata. h- '-k-a-h s-y-j-r-t-. ---------------------- hw 'akhadh sayujarata.
She took a piece of chocolate. ‫--ي ---ت ق--ة شوكول-.‬ ‫وهي أخذت قطعة شوكولا.‬ ‫-ه- أ-ذ- ق-ع- ش-ك-ل-.- ----------------------- ‫وهي أخذت قطعة شوكولا.‬ 0
wh----k-id-a---it-ata---h-ukula--. whi 'ukhidhat qiteatan shuukulana. w-i '-k-i-h-t q-t-a-a- s-u-k-l-n-. ---------------------------------- whi 'ukhidhat qiteatan shuukulana.
He was disloyal, but she was loyal. ‫ه- كا- -ي---خل-- أ---ه- ---نت-مخلص--‬ ‫هو كان غير مخلص، أما هي فكانت مخلصة.‬ ‫-و ك-ن غ-ر م-ل-، أ-ا ه- ف-ا-ت م-ل-ة-‬ -------------------------------------- ‫هو كان غير مخلص، أما هي فكانت مخلصة.‬ 0
hw-----g--r--a-h---in- '--aa hi--ak-na---u--l-s-tan. hw kan ghyr makhlasin, 'amaa hi fakanat mukhlisatan. h- k-n g-y- m-k-l-s-n- '-m-a h- f-k-n-t m-k-l-s-t-n- ---------------------------------------------------- hw kan ghyr makhlasin, 'amaa hi fakanat mukhlisatan.
He was lazy, but she was hard-working. ‫ه- ك-ن ك---اً، أ-ا هي-فك-نت---ته-ة-‬ ‫هو كان كسولا-، أما هي فكانت مجتهدة.‬ ‫-و ك-ن ك-و-ا-، أ-ا ه- ف-ا-ت م-ت-د-.- ------------------------------------- ‫هو كان كسولاً، أما هي فكانت مجتهدة.‬ 0
hu---n kswlaa-, -a----hi ----nat m-j--h-d--a. hu kan kswlaan, 'amaa hi fakanat mujtahidata. h- k-n k-w-a-n- '-m-a h- f-k-n-t m-j-a-i-a-a- --------------------------------------------- hu kan kswlaan, 'amaa hi fakanat mujtahidata.
He was poor, but she was rich. ‫-و--ا--ف-ي-ا-- -م- ه- فك-ن---ن---‬ ‫هو كان فقيرا-، أما هي فكانت غنية.‬ ‫-و ك-ن ف-ي-ا-، أ-ا ه- ف-ا-ت غ-ي-.- ----------------------------------- ‫هو كان فقيراً، أما هي فكانت غنية.‬ 0
h--k-n----r--n- ---a---- fakana- gh-ni---. hu kan fqyraan, 'amaa hi fakanat ghaniata. h- k-n f-y-a-n- '-m-a h- f-k-n-t g-a-i-t-. ------------------------------------------ hu kan fqyraan, 'amaa hi fakanat ghaniata.
He had no money, only debts. ‫-م---ن -د----ا---وإن---ديون-‬ ‫لم يكن لديه مال، وإنما ديون.‬ ‫-م ي-ن ل-ي- م-ل- و-ن-ا د-و-.- ------------------------------ ‫لم يكن لديه مال، وإنما ديون.‬ 0
l-m --k-n ---ayh --li-,-w-'i--a-a--uy--na. lam yakun ladayh malin, wa'iinama duyuwna. l-m y-k-n l-d-y- m-l-n- w-'-i-a-a d-y-w-a- ------------------------------------------ lam yakun ladayh malin, wa'iinama duyuwna.
He had no luck, only bad luck. ‫لم-يكن-مح-وظ-----إنما -ن-و-اً-‬ ‫لم يكن محظوظا-، وإنما منحوسا-.‬ ‫-م ي-ن م-ظ-ظ-ً- و-ن-ا م-ح-س-ً-‬ -------------------------------- ‫لم يكن محظوظاً، وإنما منحوساً.‬ 0
lam ---u---hzwz--n- -a'----m- -n--saa-. lam yakun mhzwzaan, wa'iinama mnhwsaan. l-m y-k-n m-z-z-a-, w-'-i-a-a m-h-s-a-. --------------------------------------- lam yakun mhzwzaan, wa'iinama mnhwsaan.
He had no success, only failure. ‫لم ي-ن----حاً- -إ-م----شل-ً-‬ ‫لم يكن ناجحا-، وإنما فاشلا-.‬ ‫-م ي-ن ن-ج-ا-، و-ن-ا ف-ش-ا-.- ------------------------------ ‫لم يكن ناجحاً، وإنما فاشلاً.‬ 0
l-m ya--n--a-h-a-, wa-ii-a-a fas--aa-. lam yakun najhaan, wa'iinama fashlaan. l-m y-k-n n-j-a-n- w-'-i-a-a f-s-l-a-. -------------------------------------- lam yakun najhaan, wa'iinama fashlaan.
He was not satisfied, but dissatisfied. ‫لم يكن ----ر----و-نما م---ءاً.‬ ‫لم يكن مسرورا-، وإنما مستاءا-.‬ ‫-م ي-ن م-ر-ر-ً- و-ن-ا م-ت-ء-ً-‬ -------------------------------- ‫لم يكن مسروراً، وإنما مستاءاً.‬ 0
l-- y-k-- ms-wra--, ---ii-----m-t---an. lam yakun msrwraan, wa'iinama msta'aan. l-m y-k-n m-r-r-a-, w-'-i-a-a m-t-'-a-. --------------------------------------- lam yakun msrwraan, wa'iinama msta'aan.
He was not happy, but sad. ‫----ك- س-يدا----إن-- يائ-ا--‬ ‫لم يكن سعيدا-، وإنما يائسا-.‬ ‫-م ي-ن س-ي-ا-، و-ن-ا ي-ئ-ا-.- ------------------------------ ‫لم يكن سعيداً، وإنما يائساً.‬ 0
la--y--un -ey-a-n- w-'-i--ma-y--saan. lam yakun seydaan, wa'iinama yaysaan. l-m y-k-n s-y-a-n- w-'-i-a-a y-y-a-n- ------------------------------------- lam yakun seydaan, wa'iinama yaysaan.
He was not friendly, but unfriendly. ‫-------ظ--ف-ً، -إ--ا ثقي----ظل.‬ ‫لم يكن ظريفا-، وإنما ثقيل الظل.‬ ‫-م ي-ن ظ-ي-ا-، و-ن-ا ث-ي- ا-ظ-.- --------------------------------- ‫لم يكن ظريفاً، وإنما ثقيل الظل.‬ 0
l-m y-k---z---a-n, -a'-i-ama thaqil a-za-a. lam yakun zryfaan, wa'iinama thaqil alzala. l-m y-k-n z-y-a-n- w-'-i-a-a t-a-i- a-z-l-. ------------------------------------------- lam yakun zryfaan, wa'iinama thaqil alzala.

How children learn to speak properly

As soon as a person is born, he communicates with others. Babies cry when they want something. They can already say a few simple words at a few months of age. With two years, they can say sentences of about three words. You can't influence when children begin to speak. But you can influence how well children learn their native language! For that, however, you have to consider a few things. Above all, it's important that the child is always motivated when learning. He must recognize that he's succeeding in something when he speaks. Babies like a smile as positive feedback. Older children look for dialogue with their environment. They orient themselves towards the language of the people around them. Therefore the language skills of their parents and educators are important. Children must also learn that language is valuable! However, they should always have fun in the process. Reading aloud to them shows children how exciting language can be. Parents should also do as much as possible with their child. When a child experiences many things, he wants to talk about them. Children growing up bilingual need firm rules. They have to know which language should be spoken with whom. This way their brain can learn to differentiate between the two languages. When children start going to school, their language changes. They learn a new colloquial language. Then it's important that the parents pay attention to how their child speaks. Studies show that the first language is stamped on the brain forever. What we learn as children accompanies us for the rest of our lives. He who learns his native language properly as a child will profit from it later. He learns new things faster and better – not only foreign languages…