en Past tense 1   »   fa ‫ زمان گذشته 1‬

81 [eighty-one]

Past tense 1

Past tense 1

‫81 [هشتاد و یک]‬

81 [hashtâd-o-yek]

‫ زمان گذشته 1‬

[zamâne gozashte 1]

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to write ‫-وشت-‬ ‫______ ‫-و-ت-‬ ------- ‫نوشتن‬ 0
n-v-sh--n n________ n-v-s-t-n --------- neveshtan
He wrote a letter. ‫-و--مرد- ------ه-نو-ت.‬ ‫__ (____ ی_ ن___ ن_____ ‫-و (-ر-) ی- ن-م- ن-ش-.- ------------------------ ‫او (مرد) یک نامه نوشت.‬ 0
o- ye- -âm--n-v-s--. o_ y__ n___ n_______ o- y-k n-m- n-v-s-t- -------------------- oo yek nâme nevesht.
And she wrote a card. ‫- -- (زن- -ک ک-رت-پ-تا- نو-ت-‬ ‫_ ا_ (___ ی_ ک___ پ____ ن_____ ‫- ا- (-ن- ی- ک-ر- پ-ت-ل ن-ش-.- ------------------------------- ‫و او (زن) یک کارت پستال نوشت.‬ 0
va -o-y------t---os-â--n-v-sh-. v_ o_ y__ k____ p_____ n_______ v- o- y-k k-r-e p-s-â- n-v-s-t- ------------------------------- va oo yek kârte postâl nevesht.
to read ‫--ان-ن‬ ‫_______ ‫-و-ن-ن- -------- ‫خواندن‬ 0
kh-nd-n k______ k-â-d-n ------- khândan
He read a magazine. ‫ا- (-رد--ی--مجله--وان--‬ ‫__ (____ ی_ م___ خ______ ‫-و (-ر-) ی- م-ل- خ-ا-د-‬ ------------------------- ‫او (مرد) یک مجله خواند.‬ 0
oo-yek -aj--e -hâ-d. o_ y__ m_____ k_____ o- y-k m-j-l- k-â-d- -------------------- oo yek majale khând.
And she read a book. ‫و-او -ز-- -ک ک----خو-ن-.‬ ‫_ ا_ (___ ی_ ک___ خ______ ‫- ا- (-ن- ی- ک-ا- خ-ا-د-‬ -------------------------- ‫و او (زن) یک کتاب خواند.‬ 0
va o- ye- k--â- k--nd. v_ o_ y__ k____ k_____ v- o- y-k k-t-b k-â-d- ---------------------- va oo yek ketâb khând.
to take ‫گ-ف--‬ ‫______ ‫-ر-ت-‬ ------- ‫گرفتن‬ 0
g-r--tan g_______ g-r-f-a- -------- gereftan
He took a cigarette. ‫او (-رد) ی--سیگار--ردا-ت.‬ ‫__ (____ ی_ س____ ب_______ ‫-و (-ر-) ی- س-گ-ر ب-د-ش-.- --------------------------- ‫او (مرد) یک سیگار برداشت.‬ 0
oo ye- s-g---b-r-âs-t. o_ y__ s____ b________ o- y-k s-g-r b-r-â-h-. ---------------------- oo yek sigâr bardâsht.
She took a piece of chocolate. ‫او-(ز---ی- --ه------ ---اشت.‬ ‫__ (___ ی_ ت__ ش____ ب_______ ‫-و (-ن- ی- ت-ه ش-ل-ت ب-د-ش-.- ------------------------------ ‫او (زن) یک تکه شکلات برداشت.‬ 0
oo -ek-tek-h s-okol---b-r-â-ht. o_ y__ t____ s_______ b________ o- y-k t-k-h s-o-o-â- b-r-â-h-. ------------------------------- oo yek tekeh shokolât bardâsht.
He was disloyal, but she was loyal. ‫-و----د)--ی-وف--بو-،------- --ن)-ب- --ا---د-‬ ‫__ (____ ب_ و__ ب___ ا__ ا_ (___ ب_ و__ ب____ ‫-و (-ر-) ب- و-ا ب-د- ا-ا ا- (-ن- ب- و-ا ب-د-‬ ---------------------------------------------- ‫او (مرد) بی وفا بود، اما او (زن) با وفا بود.‬ 0
oo -i--f-----, -mmâ -o bâva-â--u-. o_ b_____ b___ a___ o_ b_____ b___ o- b-v-f- b-d- a-m- o- b-v-f- b-d- ---------------------------------- oo bivafâ bud, ammâ oo bâvafâ bud.
He was lazy, but she was hard-working. ‫-- (م-د------ -ود--اما او (-ن- --ری----.‬ ‫__ (____ ت___ ب___ ا__ ا_ (___ ک___ ب____ ‫-و (-ر-) ت-ب- ب-د- ا-ا ا- (-ن- ک-ر- ب-د-‬ ------------------------------------------ ‫او (مرد) تنبل بود، اما او (زن) کاری بود.‬ 0
o--ta-ba- -u-,-ammâ--o-kâri-b--. o_ t_____ b___ a___ o_ k___ b___ o- t-n-a- b-d- a-m- o- k-r- b-d- -------------------------------- oo tanbal bud, ammâ oo kâri bud.
He was poor, but she was rich. ‫-و -مرد-------بو-- -ما -و -زن) ثر----- -و-.‬ ‫__ (____ ف___ ب___ ا__ ا_ (___ ث______ ب____ ‫-و (-ر-) ف-ی- ب-د- ا-ا ا- (-ن- ث-و-م-د ب-د-‬ --------------------------------------------- ‫او (مرد) فقیر بود، اما او (زن) ثروتمند بود.‬ 0
oo-f-ghir -ud, a-mâ--- s-rv----nd--u-. o_ f_____ b___ a___ o_ s_________ b___ o- f-g-i- b-d- a-m- o- s-r-a-m-n- b-d- -------------------------------------- oo faghir bud, ammâ oo servatmand bud.
He had no money, only debts. ‫-و -مرد- --ل-----ت، بلکه -دهک------.‬ ‫__ (____ پ__ ن_____ ب___ ب_____ ب____ ‫-و (-ر-) پ-ل ن-ا-ت- ب-ک- ب-ه-ا- ب-د-‬ -------------------------------------- ‫او (مرد) پول نداشت، بلکه بدهکار بود.‬ 0
o- --ol----â-h-,---l-----de-kâ- ---. o_ p___ n_______ b____ b_______ b___ o- p-o- n-d-s-t- b-l-e b-d-h-â- b-d- ------------------------------------ oo pool nadâsht, balke bedehkâr bud.
He had no luck, only bad luck. ‫او--م-د) ش-ن--ند--ت--ب--ه-ب- -ا-س--ود.‬ ‫__ (____ ش___ ن_____ ب___ ب_ ش___ ب____ ‫-و (-ر-) ش-ن- ن-ا-ت- ب-ک- ب- ش-ن- ب-د-‬ ---------------------------------------- ‫او (مرد) شانس نداشت، بلکه بد شانس بود.‬ 0
oo-s--n- --dâ-ht---a-ke ----sh--s b--. o_ s____ n_______ b____ b__ s____ b___ o- s-â-s n-d-s-t- b-l-e b-d s-â-s b-d- -------------------------------------- oo shâns nadâsht, balke bad shâns bud.
He had no success, only failure. ‫---(م-د- م-ف- ---د، ب--ه--ک-ت خو-د.‬ ‫__ (____ م___ ن____ ب___ ش___ خ_____ ‫-و (-ر-) م-ف- ن-و-، ب-ک- ش-س- خ-ر-.- ------------------------------------- ‫او (مرد) موفق نبود، بلکه شکست خورد.‬ 0
oo--ov-f--ag--ati-n-dâs-t,----ke -â--va---h---d. o_ m_____________ n_______ b____ n_________ b___ o- m-v-f-f-g-i-t- n-d-s-t- b-l-e n-m-v-f-g- b-d- ------------------------------------------------ oo movaf-faghiati nadâsht, balke nâmovafagh bud.
He was not satisfied, but dissatisfied. ‫او -مر-) راض- نبو--------ن-ر-ضی ب---‬ ‫__ (____ ر___ ن____ ب___ ن_____ ب____ ‫-و (-ر-) ر-ض- ن-و-، ب-ک- ن-ر-ض- ب-د-‬ -------------------------------------- ‫او (مرد) راضی نبود، بلکه ناراضی بود.‬ 0
o- ---- n--ud,--al-- -----i-b--. o_ r___ n_____ b____ n_____ b___ o- r-z- n-b-d- b-l-e n-r-z- b-d- -------------------------------- oo râzi nabud, balke nârâzi bud.
He was not happy, but sad. ‫-و ----)---شح-ل ن-ود--بل-- -اراح- ب--.‬ ‫__ (____ خ_____ ن____ ب___ ن_____ ب____ ‫-و (-ر-) خ-ش-ا- ن-و-، ب-ک- ن-ر-ح- ب-د-‬ ---------------------------------------- ‫او (مرد) خوشحال نبود، بلکه ناراحت بود.‬ 0
o- -h-shba--t-nab--, bal-e-badba--t--u-. o_ k_________ n_____ b____ b_______ b___ o- k-o-h-a-h- n-b-d- b-l-e b-d-a-h- b-d- ---------------------------------------- oo khoshbakht nabud, balke badbakht bud.
He was not friendly, but unfriendly. ‫----م-د)-د--ت داش-ن--نب----ب--ه ناخوشا--- بود.‬ ‫__ (____ د___ د_____ ن____ ب___ ن________ ب____ ‫-و (-ر-) د-س- د-ش-ن- ن-و-، ب-ک- ن-خ-ش-ی-د ب-د-‬ ------------------------------------------------ ‫او (مرد) دوست داشتنی نبود، بلکه ناخوشایند بود.‬ 0
oo ----h----kho-d --b-d- ---k----dbar-h-rd --d. o_ k____ b_______ n_____ b____ b__________ b___ o- k-o-h b-r-h-r- n-b-d- b-l-e b-d-a-k-o-d b-d- ----------------------------------------------- oo khosh barkhord nabud, balke badbarkhord bud.

How children learn to speak properly

As soon as a person is born, he communicates with others. Babies cry when they want something. They can already say a few simple words at a few months of age. With two years, they can say sentences of about three words. You can't influence when children begin to speak. But you can influence how well children learn their native language! For that, however, you have to consider a few things. Above all, it's important that the child is always motivated when learning. He must recognize that he's succeeding in something when he speaks. Babies like a smile as positive feedback. Older children look for dialogue with their environment. They orient themselves towards the language of the people around them. Therefore the language skills of their parents and educators are important. Children must also learn that language is valuable! However, they should always have fun in the process. Reading aloud to them shows children how exciting language can be. Parents should also do as much as possible with their child. When a child experiences many things, he wants to talk about them. Children growing up bilingual need firm rules. They have to know which language should be spoken with whom. This way their brain can learn to differentiate between the two languages. When children start going to school, their language changes. They learn a new colloquial language. Then it's important that the parents pay attention to how their child speaks. Studies show that the first language is stamped on the brain forever. What we learn as children accompanies us for the rest of our lives. He who learns his native language properly as a child will profit from it later. He learns new things faster and better – not only foreign languages…