en Getting to know others   »   ar ‫التعارف‬

3 [three]

Getting to know others

Getting to know others

‫3 [ثلاثة]‬

3 [thlath]



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Hi! ‫م-حب-ا!‬ ‫مرحب-ا!‬ ‫-ر-ب-ا-‬ --------- ‫مرحبًا!‬ 0
m-h-a--! mrhbana! m-h-a-a- -------- mrhbana!
Hello! ‫-رح-ً-!---ن-ارك -ع-د-‬ ‫مرحب-ا! / نهارك سعيد!‬ ‫-ر-ب-ا- / ن-ا-ك س-ي-!- ----------------------- ‫مرحبًا! / نهارك سعيد!‬ 0
m-h---a!-- -uha-ik---eid! mrhbana! / nuharik saeid! m-h-a-a- / n-h-r-k s-e-d- ------------------------- mrhbana! / nuharik saeid!
How are you? ‫----الحا---/ كيف حالك-‬ ‫كبف الحال؟ / كيف حالك؟‬ ‫-ب- ا-ح-ل- / ك-ف ح-ل-؟- ------------------------ ‫كبف الحال؟ / كيف حالك؟‬ 0
k-----l-a-a----k-yf hal-? kbif alhala? / kayf halk? k-i- a-h-l-? / k-y- h-l-? ------------------------- kbif alhala? / kayf halk?
Do you come from Europe? ‫-ل--نت م--------؟‬ ‫هل أنت من أوروبا؟‬ ‫-ل أ-ت م- أ-ر-ب-؟- ------------------- ‫هل أنت من أوروبا؟‬ 0
h- 'a-- ----'-wrub-? hl 'ant min 'uwruba? h- '-n- m-n '-w-u-a- -------------------- hl 'ant min 'uwruba?
Do you come from America? ‫ه----ت-من---ر---؟‬ ‫هل أنت من أمريكا؟‬ ‫-ل أ-ت م- أ-ر-ك-؟- ------------------- ‫هل أنت من أمريكا؟‬ 0
hl--a-- --- ---r-ka? hl 'ant min 'amrika? h- '-n- m-n '-m-i-a- -------------------- hl 'ant min 'amrika?
Do you come from Asia? ‫هل --ت-م---سي--‬ ‫هل أنت من أسيا؟‬ ‫-ل أ-ت م- أ-ي-؟- ----------------- ‫هل أنت من أسيا؟‬ 0
hl 'a-t m-----ya? hl 'ant min asya? h- '-n- m-n a-y-? ----------------- hl 'ant min asya?
In which hotel are you staying? ‫في أ- ف--ق تقي-؟‬ ‫في أي فندق تقيم؟‬ ‫-ي أ- ف-د- ت-ي-؟- ------------------ ‫في أي فندق تقيم؟‬ 0
fi --y---un--q---q-m? fi 'ayi funduq taqim? f- '-y- f-n-u- t-q-m- --------------------- fi 'ayi funduq taqim?
How long have you been here for? ‫مذ-م-ى أن--ه--؟‬ ‫مذ متى أنت هنا؟‬ ‫-ذ م-ى أ-ت ه-ا-‬ ----------------- ‫مذ متى أنت هنا؟‬ 0
mdh -ataa--a-- ---a? mdh mataa 'ant huna? m-h m-t-a '-n- h-n-? -------------------- mdh mataa 'ant huna?
How long will you be staying? ‫إل- م----ت--- -‬ ‫إلى متى ستبقى ؟‬ ‫-ل- م-ى س-ب-ى ؟- ----------------- ‫إلى متى ستبقى ؟‬ 0
'--l-- mat----a-ab-a- ؟ 'iilaa mataa satabqaa ؟ '-i-a- m-t-a s-t-b-a- ؟ ----------------------- 'iilaa mataa satabqaa ؟
Do you like it here? ‫أتع--- الإق--ة--ن--‬ ‫أتعجبك الإقامة هنا؟‬ ‫-ت-ج-ك ا-إ-ا-ة ه-ا-‬ --------------------- ‫أتعجبك الإقامة هنا؟‬ 0
i--i-jab-- -l'iiq--at-hu-a? iatiejabuk al'iiqamat huna? i-t-e-a-u- a-'-i-a-a- h-n-? --------------------------- iatiejabuk al'iiqamat huna?
Are you here on vacation? ‫أتق-ي-----ك-ه-ا؟‬ ‫أتقضي عطلتك هنا؟‬ ‫-ت-ض- ع-ل-ك ه-ا-‬ ------------------ ‫أتقضي عطلتك هنا؟‬ 0
a-a-i-i e---atuk-huna? ataqidi eutlatuk huna? a-a-i-i e-t-a-u- h-n-? ---------------------- ataqidi eutlatuk huna?
Please do visit me sometime! ‫ت-------ار---‬ ‫تفضل بزيارتي!‬ ‫-ف-ل ب-ي-ر-ي-‬ --------------- ‫تفضل بزيارتي!‬ 0
it-fadal--zi--t-! itafadal bziarty! i-a-a-a- b-i-r-y- ----------------- itafadal bziarty!
Here is my address. ‫--ا ع-وا---- --يك ع--ان-.‬ ‫هذا عنواني / إليك عنواني.‬ ‫-ذ- ع-و-ن- / إ-ي- ع-و-ن-.- --------------------------- ‫هذا عنواني / إليك عنواني.‬ 0
h--a----w-ni-/ -iil-yk -u--ani. hdha eunwani / 'iilayk eunwani. h-h- e-n-a-i / '-i-a-k e-n-a-i- ------------------------------- hdha eunwani / 'iilayk eunwani.
Shall we see each other tomorrow? ه---نلت----دا هل سنلتقي غدا ه- س-ل-ق- غ-ا ------------- هل سنلتقي غدا 0
h-l-sa-a----i -h--a-n hal sanaltaqi ghadaan h-l s-n-l-a-i g-a-a-n --------------------- hal sanaltaqi ghadaan
I am sorry, but I already have plans. ‫-تأس-، لدي--ل-----ت--خ-ى.‬ ‫متأسف، لدي التزامات أخرى.‬ ‫-ت-س-، ل-ي ا-ت-ا-ا- أ-ر-.- --------------------------- ‫متأسف، لدي التزامات أخرى.‬ 0
mt-'as-a,---da-- ai---za-a- ---h---. mta'asfa, ladaya ailtizamat 'ukhraa. m-a-a-f-, l-d-y- a-l-i-a-a- '-k-r-a- ------------------------------------ mta'asfa, ladaya ailtizamat 'ukhraa.
Bye! ‫و---اً-‬ ‫وداعا-!‬ ‫-د-ع-ً-‬ --------- ‫وداعاً!‬ 0
w-a-aa-! wdaeaan! w-a-a-n- -------- wdaeaan!
Good bye! ‫إلى -ل--اء‬ ‫إلى اللقاء‬ ‫-ل- ا-ل-ا-‬ ------------ ‫إلى اللقاء‬ 0
'--l-a all---' 'iilaa alliqa' '-i-a- a-l-q-' -------------- 'iilaa alliqa'
See you soon! ‫أ-ا--ق------‬ ‫أراك قريبا-!‬ ‫-ر-ك ق-ي-ا-!- -------------- ‫أراك قريباً!‬ 0
arak-q-y--a-! arak qrybaan! a-a- q-y-a-n- ------------- arak qrybaan!


We can communicate with languages. We tell others what we're thinking or feeling. Writing has this function as well. Most languages have a written form, or writing. Writing consists of characters. These characters can be diverse. Most writing is made up of letters. These letters make up alphabets. An alphabet is an organized set of graphic symbols. These characters are joined to form words according to certain rules. Each character has a fixed pronunciation. The term ‘alphabet’ comes from the Greek language. There, the first two letters were called ‘alpha’ and ‘beta’. There have been many different alphabets throughout history. People were using characters more than 3,000 years ago. Earlier, characters were magical symbols. Only a few people knew what they meant. Later, the characters lost their symbolic nature. Today, letters have no meaning. They only have a meaning when they are combined with other letters. Characters such as that of the Chinese function differently. They resemble pictures and often depict what they mean. When we write, we are encoding our thoughts. We use characters to record our knowledge. Our brain has learned how to decode the alphabet. Characters become words, words become ideas. In this way, a text can survive for thousands of years. And still be understood…
Did you know?
Bengali is one of the Indo-Iranian languages. It is the native language of about 200 million people. More than 140 million of those people live in Bangladesh. There are also approximately 75 million speakers in India. Additional speakers are found in Malaysia, Nepal and Saudi Arabia. Bengali is thus one of the most spoken languages of the world. The language has its own writing system. There are even distinct symbols for numbers. Nowadays, however, Arabic digits are used most of the time. Bengali syntax follows strict rules. The subject comes first, then the object, and finally the verb. There are no grammatical genders. Nouns and adjectives also vary only slightly. That is a good thing for everyone that wants to learn this important language. And as many as possible should do so!