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54 [fifty-four]

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‫54 [أربعة وخمسون]‬

54 [arabeat wakhamsuna]

‫التسوق / التبضّع‬

[altasawq / altbdde]

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I want to buy a present. ‫--ي---- أشتري-ه---.‬ ‫أريد أن أشتري هدية.‬ ‫-ر-د أ- أ-ت-ي ه-ي-.- --------------------- ‫أريد أن أشتري هدية.‬ 0
arid--an--a-ht-r- h--i---n. arid 'an 'ashtari hadiatan. a-i- '-n '-s-t-r- h-d-a-a-. --------------------------- arid 'an 'ashtari hadiatan.
But nothing too expensive. ‫ولكن--ل- تك-ن -ك---.‬ ‫ولكن ألا تكون مكلفة.‬ ‫-ل-ن أ-ا ت-و- م-ل-ة-‬ ---------------------- ‫ولكن ألا تكون مكلفة.‬ 0
wlukun-'--aa --ku--m----fa---. wlukun 'alaa takun muklifatan. w-u-u- '-l-a t-k-n m-k-i-a-a-. ------------------------------ wlukun 'alaa takun muklifatan.
Maybe a handbag? ‫ربما حقي-ة يد.‬ ‫ربما حقيبة يد.‬ ‫-ب-ا ح-ي-ة ي-.- ---------------- ‫ربما حقيبة يد.‬ 0
r-u-a-haq-ba--n yd. rbuma haqibatan yd. r-u-a h-q-b-t-n y-. ------------------- rbuma haqibatan yd.
Which color would you like? ‫ما ال----الذ- -ري---ه -‬ ‫ما اللون الذي تريدينه ؟‬ ‫-ا ا-ل-ن ا-ذ- ت-ي-ي-ه ؟- ------------------------- ‫ما اللون الذي تريدينه ؟‬ 0
ma a-law--aldhy -u--d-na- ? ma allawn aldhy turidinah ? m- a-l-w- a-d-y t-r-d-n-h ? --------------------------- ma allawn aldhy turidinah ?
Black, brown or white? ‫-سو-، بني--- أبي- ؟‬ ‫أسود، بني أم أبيض ؟‬ ‫-س-د- ب-ي أ- أ-ي- ؟- --------------------- ‫أسود، بني أم أبيض ؟‬ 0
a--d--ban- --m 'a---d-? aswd, bani 'am 'abyad ? a-w-, b-n- '-m '-b-a- ? ----------------------- aswd, bani 'am 'abyad ?
A large one or a small one? ‫--ي-ة-ك-ي-ة-أ--صغ-----‬ ‫حقيبة كبيرة أم صغيرة ؟‬ ‫-ق-ب- ك-ي-ة أ- ص-ي-ة ؟- ------------------------ ‫حقيبة كبيرة أم صغيرة ؟‬ 0
hqi--t ----ra---a-a -ag-ir--? hqibat kabirat 'ama saghira ? h-i-a- k-b-r-t '-m- s-g-i-a ? ----------------------------- hqibat kabirat 'ama saghira ?
May I see this one, please? ‫---------ر--هذ--؟‬ ‫ممكن أن أرى هذه ؟‬ ‫-م-ن أ- أ-ى ه-ه ؟- ------------------- ‫ممكن أن أرى هذه ؟‬ 0
m-kn 'a- 'araa--adh-- ? mmkn 'an 'araa hadhih ? m-k- '-n '-r-a h-d-i- ? ----------------------- mmkn 'an 'araa hadhih ?
Is it made of leather? ‫---ه---ن------‬ ‫هل هي من جلد ؟‬ ‫-ل ه- م- ج-د ؟- ---------------- ‫هل هي من جلد ؟‬ 0
hl--i-min ju-d ? hl hi min juld ? h- h- m-n j-l- ? ---------------- hl hi min juld ?
Or is it made of plastic? ‫---ه---ن-ماد- -ص-ن-ع-ة- (---ب--ست-ك-)‬ ‫أم هي من مادة اصطناعية؟ ( البلاستيك )‬ ‫-م ه- م- م-د- ا-ط-ا-ي-؟ ( ا-ب-ا-ت-ك )- --------------------------------------- ‫أم هي من مادة اصطناعية؟ ( البلاستيك )‬ 0
am -i-min -ad-t--istin--i--------l--ty--) am hi min madat aistinaeia? ( alblastyk ) a- h- m-n m-d-t a-s-i-a-i-? ( a-b-a-t-k ) ----------------------------------------- am hi min madat aistinaeia? ( alblastyk )
Of leather, of course. ‫طب--ً - من ----‬ ‫طبعا- ، من جلد.‬ ‫-ب-ا- ، م- ج-د-‬ ----------------- ‫طبعاً ، من جلد.‬ 0
tb-aan-, mi- --l-d-. tbeaan , min julida. t-e-a- , m-n j-l-d-. -------------------- tbeaan , min julida.
This is very good quality. ‫و----ن------ -يدة ----ية.‬ ‫وهي من نوعية جيدة للغاية.‬ ‫-ه- م- ن-ع-ة ج-د- ل-غ-ي-.- --------------------------- ‫وهي من نوعية جيدة للغاية.‬ 0
whi -i---a-e-at ja-idat l--g-a--t-. whi min naweiat jayidat lilghayata. w-i m-n n-w-i-t j-y-d-t l-l-h-y-t-. ----------------------------------- whi min naweiat jayidat lilghayata.
And the bag is really very reasonable. ‫والحق-ب----نه- مناس---دا-.‬ ‫والحقيبة ثمنها مناسب جدا-.‬ ‫-ا-ح-ي-ة ث-ن-ا م-ا-ب ج-ا-.- ---------------------------- ‫والحقيبة ثمنها مناسب جداً.‬ 0
wa-haq-bt th-man--a-m-na-i- -da--. walhaqibt thamanaha munasib jdaan. w-l-a-i-t t-a-a-a-a m-n-s-b j-a-n- ---------------------------------- walhaqibt thamanaha munasib jdaan.
I like it. ‫-نها---جب-ي-‬ ‫إنها تعجبني.‬ ‫-ن-ا ت-ج-ن-.- -------------- ‫إنها تعجبني.‬ 0
'---a-a -u-j----. 'iinaha tuejabni. '-i-a-a t-e-a-n-. ----------------- 'iinaha tuejabni.
I’ll take it. ‫-آخذ-ا-‬ ‫سآخذها.‬ ‫-آ-ذ-ا-‬ --------- ‫سآخذها.‬ 0
sakh-d----. sakhadhuha. s-k-a-h-h-. ----------- sakhadhuha.
Can I exchange it if needed? ‫ي-ك--- -ب-يله--؟‬ ‫يمكنني تبديلها ؟‬ ‫-م-ن-ي ت-د-ل-ا ؟- ------------------ ‫يمكنني تبديلها ؟‬ 0
ym-nn- ---di-uh--? ymknny tabdiluha ? y-k-n- t-b-i-u-a ? ------------------ ymknny tabdiluha ?
Of course. ‫ب-لطبع-‬ ‫بالطبع.‬ ‫-ا-ط-ع-‬ --------- ‫بالطبع.‬ 0
b-lt-b--. baltabae. b-l-a-a-. --------- baltabae.
We’ll gift wrap it. ‫--غل-ها-ل---ه-ية.‬ ‫سنغلفها لك كهدية.‬ ‫-ن-ل-ه- ل- ك-د-ة-‬ ------------------- ‫سنغلفها لك كهدية.‬ 0
sn---l-f-h- la- -ah-ia-a. snaghlifuha lak kahdiata. s-a-h-i-u-a l-k k-h-i-t-. ------------------------- snaghlifuha lak kahdiata.
The cashier is over there. ‫-ل--دو- --اك-‬ ‫الصندوق هناك.‬ ‫-ل-ن-و- ه-ا-.- --------------- ‫الصندوق هناك.‬ 0
a---n-u- h--aka. alsunduq hunaka. a-s-n-u- h-n-k-. ---------------- alsunduq hunaka.

Who understands whom?

There are about 7 billion people in the world. They all have a language. Unfortunately, it's not always the same. So in order to speak with other nations, we must learn languages. That is often very arduous. But there are languages that are very similar. Their speakers understand one another, without mastering the other language. This phenomenon is called mutual intelligibility . Whereby two variants are distinguished. The first variant is oral mutual intelligibility . Here, the speakers understand each other when they talk. They do not understand the written form of the other language, however. This is because the languages have different written forms. Examples of this are the languages Hindi and Urdu. Written mutual intelligibility is the second variant. In this case, the other language is understood in its written form. But the speakers do not understand each other when they speak to each other. The reason for this is that they have very different pronunciation. German and Dutch are examples of this. The most closely related languages contain both variants. Meaning they are mutually intelligible both orally and in written form. Russian and Ukrainian or Thai and Laotian are examples. But there is also an asymmetrical form of mutual intelligibility. That is the case when speakers have different levels of understanding each other. Portuguese understand Spanish better than the Spanish understand Portuguese. Austrians also understand Germans better than the other way around. In these examples, pronunciation or dialect is a hindrance. He who really wants to have good conversations must learn something new…