Phrasebook

en At the restaurant 2   »   ad Рестораным 2

30 [thirty]

At the restaurant 2

At the restaurant 2

30 [щэкIы]

30 [shhjekIy]

Рестораным 2

[Restoranym 2]

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An apple juice, please. З- ----ры-э-с, ----т-э. З_ м__________ х_______ З- м-I-р-с-п-, х-у-т-э- ----------------------- Зы мыIэрысэпс, хъущтмэ. 0
Z--my---rysj-ps,-h--h-t--e. Z_ m____________ h_________ Z- m-I-e-y-j-p-, h-s-h-m-e- --------------------------- Zy myIjerysjeps, hushhtmje.
A lemonade, please. З- -имо-а-, хъ--тм-. З_ л_______ х_______ З- л-м-н-д- х-у-т-э- -------------------- Зы лимонад, хъущтмэ. 0
Zy limo-ad--hush-t-je. Z_ l_______ h_________ Z- l-m-n-d- h-s-h-m-e- ---------------------- Zy limonad, hushhtmje.
A tomato juice, please. З----маты--, хъ---м-. З_ т________ х_______ З- т-м-т-п-, х-у-т-э- --------------------- Зы томатыпс, хъущтмэ. 0
Z- tom---p---hu---t-j-. Z_ t________ h_________ Z- t-m-t-p-, h-s-h-m-e- ----------------------- Zy tomatyps, hushhtmje.
I’d like a glass of red wine. С- с-нэ---ыб--э-сы-ай. С_ с___________ с_____ С- с-н-п-ъ-б-ъ- с-ф-й- ---------------------- Сэ сэнэплъыбжъэ сыфай. 0
Sje--j---ep----h---s----. S__ s_____________ s_____ S-e s-e-j-p-y-z-j- s-f-j- ------------------------- Sje sjenjeplybzhje syfaj.
I’d like a glass of white wine. С--сэн-ф-б-ъэ с-фай. С_ с_________ с_____ С- с-н-ф-б-ъ- с-ф-й- -------------------- Сэ сэнэфыбжъэ сыфай. 0
Sje--je-jefybz--e-s-fa-. S__ s____________ s_____ S-e s-e-j-f-b-h-e s-f-j- ------------------------ Sje sjenjefybzhje syfaj.
I’d like a bottle of champagne. С----мп-нс---бэ--рэ---ыфай. С_ ш________ б______ с_____ С- ш-м-а-с-э б-ш-р-б с-ф-й- --------------------------- Сэ шампанскэ бэшэрэб сыфай. 0
Sje-s-a-p----je-b-e---er-e----faj. S__ s__________ b__________ s_____ S-e s-a-p-n-k-e b-e-h-e-j-b s-f-j- ---------------------------------- Sje shampanskje bjeshjerjeb syfaj.
Do you like fish? Пц----- у-к----? П______ у_______ П-э-ъ-е у-к-а-а- ---------------- Пцэжъые уикIаса? 0
Pcje-h-e -ikI-s-? P_______ u_______ P-j-z-y- u-k-a-a- ----------------- Pcjezhye uikIasa?
Do you like beef? Б-л-м--------I--а? Б________ у_______ Б-л-м-л-р у-к-а-а- ------------------ Былымылыр уикIаса? 0
Bylym-ly- --k-a--? B________ u_______ B-l-m-l-r u-k-a-a- ------------------ Bylymylyr uikIasa?
Do you like pork? Къол-- -ик--с-? К_____ у_______ К-о-ы- у-к-а-а- --------------- Къолыр уикIаса? 0
Koly-----Iasa? K____ u_______ K-l-r u-k-a-a- -------------- Kolyr uikIasa?
I’d like something without meat. С--лы-хэмы-ъэу-зы---- --ф-й. С_ л_ х_______ з_____ с_____ С- л- х-м-л-э- з-г-р- с-ф-й- ---------------------------- Сэ лы хэмылъэу зыгорэ сыфай. 0
Sj- -y---e-yl----z-gor-e -y-a-. S__ l_ h________ z______ s_____ S-e l- h-e-y-j-u z-g-r-e s-f-j- ------------------------------- Sje ly hjemyljeu zygorje syfaj.
I’d like some mixed vegetables. Сэ -этэ-ыкIз--эл---а-ъэ --р-м-с---й. С_ х_____________ л____ г____ с_____ С- х-т-р-к-з-х-л- л-г-э г-р-м с-ф-й- ------------------------------------ Сэ хэтэрыкIзэхэлъ лагъэ горэм сыфай. 0
Sje --et--ry-I--ehjel----------je- -----. S__ h________________ l____ g_____ s_____ S-e h-e-j-r-k-z-e-j-l l-g-e g-r-e- s-f-j- ----------------------------------------- Sje hjetjerykIzjehjel lagje gorjem syfaj.
I’d like something that won’t take much time. С- --э-эу-х--зы-ы х-ущ--г-рэм--ыф-й. С_ ш_____ х______ х____ г____ с_____ С- ш-э-э- х-а-ы-ы х-у-т г-р-м с-ф-й- ------------------------------------ Сэ шIэхэу хьазыры хъущт горэм сыфай. 0
Sje ----ehj-- --az-r- h--h-t gorje- -y---. S__ s________ h______ h_____ g_____ s_____ S-e s-I-e-j-u h-a-y-y h-s-h- g-r-e- s-f-j- ------------------------------------------ Sje shIjehjeu h'azyry hushht gorjem syfaj.
Would you like that with rice? М-щ-пы-д--го--э--уфая? М__ п____ г_____ у____ М-щ п-н-ж г-л-э- у-а-? ---------------------- Мыщ пындж голъэу уфая? 0
My--- -y-dz- -o-je--uf-ja? M____ p_____ g_____ u_____ M-s-h p-n-z- g-l-e- u-a-a- -------------------------- Myshh pyndzh goljeu ufaja?
Would you like that with pasta? М---т-ьацу го-ъэу-уф-я? М__ т_____ г_____ у____ М-щ т-ь-ц- г-л-э- у-а-? ----------------------- Мыщ тхьацу голъэу уфая? 0
M---h --'acu -o-jeu-ufa-a? M____ t_____ g_____ u_____ M-s-h t-'-c- g-l-e- u-a-a- -------------------------- Myshh th'acu goljeu ufaja?
Would you like that with potatoes? Мы--ка------ го-ъ------я? М__ к_______ г_____ у____ М-щ к-р-о-к- г-л-э- у-а-? ------------------------- Мыщ картошкэ голъэу уфая? 0
My-h--k-r-oshkje -ol--- u-aj-? M____ k_________ g_____ u_____ M-s-h k-r-o-h-j- g-l-e- u-a-a- ------------------------------ Myshh kartoshkje goljeu ufaja?
That doesn’t taste good. Мы--г-х-эп. М__ г______ М-р г-х-э-. ----------- Мыр гохьэп. 0
M-r-goh-j--. M__ g_______ M-r g-h-j-p- ------------ Myr goh'jep.
The food is cold. Шх---р ч-ыI-. Ш_____ ч_____ Ш-ы-ы- ч-ы-э- ------------- Шхыныр чъыIэ. 0
S--yny---hyIj-. S______ c______ S-h-n-r c-y-j-. --------------- Shhynyr chyIje.
I didn’t order this. Мыр----- к-ы-фа---нэу -I-г-агъэр. М____ с_ к___________ с__________ М-р-п с- к-ы-ф-х-ы-э- с-о-ъ-г-э-. --------------------------------- Мырэп сэ къысфахьынэу сIогъагъэр. 0
My--ep---e -y-f-h'ynjeu----g-g-er. M_____ s__ k___________ s_________ M-r-e- s-e k-s-a-'-n-e- s-o-a-j-r- ---------------------------------- Myrjep sje kysfah'ynjeu sIogagjer.

Language and advertising

Advertising represents a specific form of communication. It wants to establish contact between producers and consumers. Like every type of communication, it too has a long history. Politicians or taverns were advertised as far back as the ancient times. The language of advertising uses specific elements of rhetoric. Because it has a goal, and is therefore a planned communication. We as consumers should be made aware; our interests have to be roused. However, above all we need to want the product and buy it. The language of advertising is typically very simple as a result. Only a few words and simple slogans are used. In this way our memory should be able to retain the content well. Certain types of words like adjectives and superlatives are common. They describe the product as especially beneficial. As a result, advertising language is usually very positive. Interestingly, advertising language is always influenced by culture. That is to say, the advertising language tells us a lot about societies. Today, terms like ‘beauty’ and ‘youth’ dominate in many countries. The words ‘future’ and ‘safety’ also appear often. Especially in western societies, English is popular. English is considered modern and international. For this reason it works well with technical products. Elements from Romance languages stand for indulgence and passion. It is popularly used for food or cosmetics. Those who use dialect want to emphasize values like homeland and tradition. Names of products are often neologisms, or newly created words. They typically have no meaning, just a pleasant sound. But some product names can really make a career! The name of a vacuum has even become a verb – to hoover !
Did you know?
Dutch is a member of the West Germanic language family. That means that it is related to German and English. Dutch is the native language of about 25 million people. The majority of those people live in the Netherlands and Belgium. Dutch is also spoken in Indonesia and Suriname. This is due to the fact that the Netherlands used to be a colonial power. As a result, Dutch also formed the basis for several Creole languages. Even Afrikaans, spoken in South Africa, originated from Dutch. It is the youngest member of the Germanic language family. Dutch is distinctive in that it contains many words from other languages. In the past, French had a very large influence on the language. German words are often adopted too. More and more English terms have been included over the past few centuries. As a result, some fear that Dutch will completely disappear in the future.