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en Running errands   »   ad Щэфэн

51 [fifty-one]

Running errands

Running errands

51 [шъэныкъорэ зырэ]

51 [shjenykorje zyrje]

Щэфэн

[Shhjefjen]

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I want to go to the library. Т--лъIы--ы---м-с--I--э- сы-а-. ТхылъIыгъыпIэм сыкIонэу сыфай. Т-ы-ъ-ы-ъ-п-э- с-к-о-э- с-ф-й- ------------------------------ ТхылъIыгъыпIэм сыкIонэу сыфай. 0
Thy---g---jem-sy--on-e------j. ThylIygypIjem sykIonjeu syfaj. T-y-I-g-p-j-m s-k-o-j-u s-f-j- ------------------------------ ThylIygypIjem sykIonjeu syfaj.
I want to go to the bookstore. Тхылъыщ- т-ч---м сыкIонэ- с-фа-. Тхылъыщэ тучаным сыкIонэу сыфай. Т-ы-ъ-щ- т-ч-н-м с-к-о-э- с-ф-й- -------------------------------- Тхылъыщэ тучаным сыкIонэу сыфай. 0
Th--y-hhje t---a-----y----jeu-sy---. Thylyshhje tuchanym sykIonjeu syfaj. T-y-y-h-j- t-c-a-y- s-k-o-j-u s-f-j- ------------------------------------ Thylyshhje tuchanym sykIonjeu syfaj.
I want to go to the newspaper stand. Гъэ---щ-пI- -ио-к-м-сык--н-у-сы-ай. ГъэзетщэпIэ киоскым сыкIонэу сыфай. Г-э-е-щ-п-э к-о-к-м с-к-о-э- с-ф-й- ----------------------------------- ГъэзетщэпIэ киоскым сыкIонэу сыфай. 0
Gj-z-ts---ep-je--i-sk-m s--I-nje---y-a-. GjezetshhjepIje kioskym sykIonjeu syfaj. G-e-e-s-h-e-I-e k-o-k-m s-k-o-j-u s-f-j- ---------------------------------------- GjezetshhjepIje kioskym sykIonjeu syfaj.
I want to borrow a book. Сэ--х-л- хьа-э-----с----э--сыфа-. Сэ тхылъ хьафэу къэсштэнэу сыфай. С- т-ы-ъ х-а-э- к-э-ш-э-э- с-ф-й- --------------------------------- Сэ тхылъ хьафэу къэсштэнэу сыфай. 0
S------l --afj-u -je-s--jen-eu-s--aj. Sje thyl h'afjeu kjesshtjenjeu syfaj. S-e t-y- h-a-j-u k-e-s-t-e-j-u s-f-j- ------------------------------------- Sje thyl h'afjeu kjesshtjenjeu syfaj.
I want to buy a book. Сэ тх-лъ---э--н-у--ы--й. Сэ тхылъ сщэфынэу сыфай. С- т-ы-ъ с-э-ы-э- с-ф-й- ------------------------ Сэ тхылъ сщэфынэу сыфай. 0
S-e-th---sshh-e-yn-e- s--aj. Sje thyl sshhjefynjeu syfaj. S-e t-y- s-h-j-f-n-e- s-f-j- ---------------------------- Sje thyl sshhjefynjeu syfaj.
I want to buy a newspaper. Сэ-гъ-з-т --э---эу ---а-. Сэ гъэзет сщэфынэу сыфай. С- г-э-е- с-э-ы-э- с-ф-й- ------------------------- Сэ гъэзет сщэфынэу сыфай. 0
Sj--g-e--t -s-h-ef---eu--yf--. Sje gjezet sshhjefynjeu syfaj. S-e g-e-e- s-h-j-f-n-e- s-f-j- ------------------------------ Sje gjezet sshhjefynjeu syfaj.
I want to go to the library to borrow a book. Тхы-ъ---ъ-п--- сы-Iо-ы-----х-лъ --ис----у------. ТхылъIыгъыпIэм сыкIонышъ, тхылъ къисхынэу сыфай. Т-ы-ъ-ы-ъ-п-э- с-к-о-ы-ъ- т-ы-ъ к-и-х-н-у с-ф-й- ------------------------------------------------ ТхылъIыгъыпIэм сыкIонышъ, тхылъ къисхынэу сыфай. 0
Th-lIyg---j---sykI-n---, --yl -i--y--e--s--a-. ThylIygypIjem sykIonysh, thyl kishynjeu syfaj. T-y-I-g-p-j-m s-k-o-y-h- t-y- k-s-y-j-u s-f-j- ---------------------------------------------- ThylIygypIjem sykIonysh, thyl kishynjeu syfaj.
I want to go to the bookstore to buy a book. Т--лъ--- -уча-ым-------ы--,----лъ--ъэ----ы-эу--ы---. Тхылъыщэ тучаным сыкIонышъ, тхылъ къэсщэфынэу сыфай. Т-ы-ъ-щ- т-ч-н-м с-к-о-ы-ъ- т-ы-ъ к-э-щ-ф-н-у с-ф-й- ---------------------------------------------------- Тхылъыщэ тучаным сыкIонышъ, тхылъ къэсщэфынэу сыфай. 0
T---ysh-j------an---s---o----- th-- k-ess------n------f--. Thylyshhje tuchanym sykIonysh, thyl kjesshhjefynjeu syfaj. T-y-y-h-j- t-c-a-y- s-k-o-y-h- t-y- k-e-s-h-e-y-j-u s-f-j- ---------------------------------------------------------- Thylyshhje tuchanym sykIonysh, thyl kjesshhjefynjeu syfaj.
I want to go to the kiosk / newspaper stand to buy a newspaper. Г--зет--п-----ык-----ъ----э--т -ъэс-э-ынэ--с-фай. ГъэзетщапIэм сыкIонышъ, гъэзет къэсщэфынэу сыфай. Г-э-е-щ-п-э- с-к-о-ы-ъ- г-э-е- к-э-щ-ф-н-у с-ф-й- ------------------------------------------------- ГъэзетщапIэм сыкIонышъ, гъэзет къэсщэфынэу сыфай. 0
G-e-----h-p--e- sykIon-sh- gje-e- kj-ss-hj-fy-jeu -y---. GjezetshhapIjem sykIonysh, gjezet kjesshhjefynjeu syfaj. G-e-e-s-h-p-j-m s-k-o-y-h- g-e-e- k-e-s-h-e-y-j-u s-f-j- -------------------------------------------------------- GjezetshhapIjem sykIonysh, gjezet kjesshhjefynjeu syfaj.
I want to go to the optician. НэI---м-дэж- --кIон-у с--ай. НэIазэм дэжь сыкIонэу сыфай. Н-I-з-м д-ж- с-к-о-э- с-ф-й- ---------------------------- НэIазэм дэжь сыкIонэу сыфай. 0
Nje---j-- -jezh--syk---jeu-s---j. NjeIazjem djezh' sykIonjeu syfaj. N-e-a-j-m d-e-h- s-k-o-j-u s-f-j- --------------------------------- NjeIazjem djezh' sykIonjeu syfaj.
I want to go to the supermarket. С--е-ма-кет-- --кI--э---ы-а-. Супермаркетым сыкIонэу сыфай. С-п-р-а-к-т-м с-к-о-э- с-ф-й- ----------------------------- Супермаркетым сыкIонэу сыфай. 0
Su---ma--et-m-sykIo-j-----fa-. Supermarketym sykIonjeu syfaj. S-p-r-a-k-t-m s-k-o-j-u s-f-j- ------------------------------ Supermarketym sykIonjeu syfaj.
I want to go to the bakery. Хь-----у--пI----ы-Iо--- с--а-. ХьалыгъущапIэм сыкIонэу сыфай. Х-а-ы-ъ-щ-п-э- с-к-о-э- с-ф-й- ------------------------------ ХьалыгъущапIэм сыкIонэу сыфай. 0
H--lygus-hap-jem --kI---e--syfa-. H'alygushhapIjem sykIonjeu syfaj. H-a-y-u-h-a-I-e- s-k-o-j-u s-f-j- --------------------------------- H'alygushhapIjem sykIonjeu syfaj.
I want to buy some glasses. Н-г-у-д-э-к--с--ф---- сыфа-. Нэгъунджэ къэсщэфынэу сыфай. Н-г-у-д-э к-э-щ-ф-н-у с-ф-й- ---------------------------- Нэгъунджэ къэсщэфынэу сыфай. 0
Nj-gundzh-- --e----------eu-s--aj. Njegundzhje kjesshhjefynjeu syfaj. N-e-u-d-h-e k-e-s-h-e-y-j-u s-f-j- ---------------------------------- Njegundzhje kjesshhjefynjeu syfaj.
I want to buy fruit and vegetables. П-I-------мы-----х---э хэ-эры-I--мрэ--ъ--щ------ с--а-. ПкIышъхьэ-мышъхьэхэмрэ хэтэрыкIхэмрэ къэсщэфынэу сыфай. П-I-ш-х-э-м-ш-х-э-э-р- х-т-р-к-х-м-э к-э-щ-ф-н-у с-ф-й- ------------------------------------------------------- ПкIышъхьэ-мышъхьэхэмрэ хэтэрыкIхэмрэ къэсщэфынэу сыфай. 0
P-I-sh-'j---ysh-'j--je--j- ---t-e-y-I-j-m-je kje--hhj-f-nj---syfa-. PkIyshh'je-myshh'jehjemrje hjetjerykIhjemrje kjesshhjefynjeu syfaj. P-I-s-h-j---y-h-'-e-j-m-j- h-e-j-r-k-h-e-r-e k-e-s-h-e-y-j-u s-f-j- ------------------------------------------------------------------- PkIyshh'je-myshh'jehjemrje hjetjerykIhjemrje kjesshhjefynjeu syfaj.
I want to buy rolls and bread. Хьа-ы-ъ---хь-г--х-мрэ--ьалы--у-э----сщ-ф-нэу--ы--й. Хьалыжъощыхьагъэхэмрэ хьалыгъурэ къэсщэфынэу сыфай. Х-а-ы-ъ-щ-х-а-ъ-х-м-э х-а-ы-ъ-р- к-э-щ-ф-н-у с-ф-й- --------------------------------------------------- Хьалыжъощыхьагъэхэмрэ хьалыгъурэ къэсщэфынэу сыфай. 0
H'a-yz-o-hhyh------j-mr---h'-l--u-j---je--h----y---u--yfaj. H'alyzhoshhyh'agjehjemrje h'alygurje kjesshhjefynjeu syfaj. H-a-y-h-s-h-h-a-j-h-e-r-e h-a-y-u-j- k-e-s-h-e-y-j-u s-f-j- ----------------------------------------------------------- H'alyzhoshhyh'agjehjemrje h'alygurje kjesshhjefynjeu syfaj.
I want to go to the optician to buy glasses. Н-Iа-эм--эжь -ы-Iон--ъ, н-г--н-жэ къэ-щ--ынэ- -ыф-й. НэIазэм дэжь сыкIонышъ, нэгъунджэ къэсщэфынэу сыфай. Н-I-з-м д-ж- с-к-о-ы-ъ- н-г-у-д-э к-э-щ-ф-н-у с-ф-й- ---------------------------------------------------- НэIазэм дэжь сыкIонышъ, нэгъунджэ къэсщэфынэу сыфай. 0
N-eIa---m-dje--'----Io-y--,---egund-h-- -je-s-------j-----f--. NjeIazjem djezh' sykIonysh, njegundzhje kjesshhjefynjeu syfaj. N-e-a-j-m d-e-h- s-k-o-y-h- n-e-u-d-h-e k-e-s-h-e-y-j-u s-f-j- -------------------------------------------------------------- NjeIazjem djezh' sykIonysh, njegundzhje kjesshhjefynjeu syfaj.
I want to go to the supermarket to buy fruit and vegetables. Туча--м-с-фай- -к-ыш-х----ы-ъ--эх---э-----рыкI-э-рэ---эс--фынэ-. Тучаным сыфай, пкIышъхьэ-мышъхьэхэмрэ хэтэрыкIхэмрэ къэсщэфынэу. Т-ч-н-м с-ф-й- п-I-ш-х-э-м-ш-х-э-э-р- х-т-р-к-х-м-э к-э-щ-ф-н-у- ---------------------------------------------------------------- Тучаным сыфай, пкIышъхьэ-мышъхьэхэмрэ хэтэрыкIхэмрэ къэсщэфынэу. 0
Tuch--y-----a-- ---y-h---e--y-h--j-h-emr----j-tje----hjem-je kje-s---e--n--u. Tuchanym syfaj, pkIyshh'je-myshh'jehjemrje hjetjerykIhjemrje kjesshhjefynjeu. T-c-a-y- s-f-j- p-I-s-h-j---y-h-'-e-j-m-j- h-e-j-r-k-h-e-r-e k-e-s-h-e-y-j-u- ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- Tuchanym syfaj, pkIyshh'je-myshh'jehjemrje hjetjerykIhjemrje kjesshhjefynjeu.
I want to go to the baker to buy rolls and bread. Х-алы-------эм--ыф-й----ал---о-ы-ьа--э--мр----ал-гъу-э-къэ-щ-фы---. ХьалыгъущапIэм сыфай, хьалыжъощыхьагъэхэмрэ хьалыгъурэ къэсщэфынэу. Х-а-ы-ъ-щ-п-э- с-ф-й- х-а-ы-ъ-щ-х-а-ъ-х-м-э х-а-ы-ъ-р- к-э-щ-ф-н-у- ------------------------------------------------------------------- ХьалыгъущапIэм сыфай, хьалыжъощыхьагъэхэмрэ хьалыгъурэ къэсщэфынэу. 0
H'aly-ushh---------f-j----al-zho--hyh'--j--jem--- h'-l----j---j-sshhjef--j--. H'alygushhapIjem syfaj, h'alyzhoshhyh'agjehjemrje h'alygurje kjesshhjefynjeu. H-a-y-u-h-a-I-e- s-f-j- h-a-y-h-s-h-h-a-j-h-e-r-e h-a-y-u-j- k-e-s-h-e-y-j-u- ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- H'alygushhapIjem syfaj, h'alyzhoshhyh'agjehjemrje h'alygurje kjesshhjefynjeu.

Minority languages in Europe

Many different languages are spoken in Europe. Most of them are Indo-European languages. In addition to the large national languages, there are also many smaller languages. They are minority languages. Minority languages are different from official languages. But they aren't dialects. They aren't the languages of immigrants either. Minority languages are always ethnically driven. Meaning, they are the languages of particular ethnic groups. There are minority languages in almost every country of Europe. That amounts to about 40 languages in the European Union. Some minority languages are only spoken in one country. Among them for example is Sorbian in Germany. Romani, on the other hand, has speakers in many European countries. Minority languages have a special status. Because they are only spoken by a relatively small group. These groups cannot afford to build their own schools. It is also difficult for them to publish their own literature. As a result, many minority languages are threatened by extinction. The European Union wants to protect minority languages. Because every language is an important part of a culture or identity. Some nations do not have a commonwealth and only exist as a minority. Various programs and projects are meant to promote their languages. It is hoped that the culture of smaller ethnic groups will be preserved as well. Nevertheless, some minority languages will disappear soon. Among them is Livonian, spoken in a province of Latvia. Only 20 people remain as native speakers of Livonian. This makes Livonian the smallest language in Europe.
Did you know?
Urdu is counted among the Indo-Iranian languages. It is spoken in Pakistan and a few Indian states. Urdu is the native language of about 60 million people. It is the national language in Pakistan. It is also recognized as one of the 22 official languages in India. Urdu is very closely related to Hindi. Both languages are basically just two sociolects of Hindustani. Hindustani emerged from different languages in northern India starting in the 13th century. Today Urdu and Hindi are considered two independent languages. Speakers of these languages can communicate with each other easily though. The semiotic system is what clearly differentiates the two. Urdu is written with a version of the Persian-Arabic alphabet, while Hindi is not. Urdu is very prominent as a literary language. It is also often used in large film productions. Learn Urdu - it is the key to the culture of South Asia!