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en Conjunctions   »   ad Зэпххэр 4

97 [ninety-seven]

Conjunctions

Conjunctions

97 [тIокIиплIырэ пшIыкIублырэ]

97 [tIokIiplIyrje pshIykIublyrje]

Зэпххэр 4

[Zjephhjer 4]

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He fell asleep although the TV was on. А- (хъ----ы-ъ- х-чъ----, -е--в-з-р-р ---ъэнэ--а-ъ-н-х---ы-----. А_ (__________ х________ т__________ х___________ н___ м_______ А- (-ъ-л-ф-г-) х-ч-ы-г-, т-л-в-з-р-р х-г-э-э-ъ-г- н-х- м-ш-э-и- --------------------------------------------------------------- Ар (хъулъфыгъ) хэчъыягъ, телевизорыр хэгъэнэгъагъ нахь мышIэми. 0
Ar (-ulf-g- --e--yjag, -e--v--or---hje-je-j-ga- --h'-my-h-j-mi. A_ (_______ h_________ t__________ h___________ n___ m_________ A- (-u-f-g- h-e-h-j-g- t-l-v-z-r-r h-e-j-n-e-a- n-h- m-s-I-e-i- --------------------------------------------------------------- Ar (hulfyg) hjechyjag, televizoryr hjegjenjegag nah' myshIjemi.
He stayed a while although it was late. Ар --ъу-ъ-------ж-ри к-э-ц--ъ-гъ,-к-а-- ---гъ---э нах- -ышIэм-. А_ (__________ д____ к___________ к____ х________ н___ м_______ А- (-ъ-л-ф-г-) д-ы-и к-э-ц-г-а-ъ- к-а-э х-у-ъ-г-э н-х- м-ш-э-и- --------------------------------------------------------------- Ар (хъулъфыгъ) джыри къэуцугъагъ, кIасэ хъугъагъэ нахь мышIэми. 0
A- ----fy-- ----ri -je-c----, -I---e-h--agje n--- -ys-I--m-. A_ (_______ d_____ k_________ k_____ h______ n___ m_________ A- (-u-f-g- d-h-r- k-e-c-g-g- k-a-j- h-g-g-e n-h- m-s-I-e-i- ------------------------------------------------------------ Ar (hulfyg) dzhyri kjeucugag, kIasje hugagje nah' myshIjemi.
He didn’t come although we had made an appointment. Ар-(-ъу-ъ---ъ---ъэ--уа--эп,-ты-эз-г-ыг---ъ --х- м---э-и. А_ (__________ к___________ т_____________ н___ м_______ А- (-ъ-л-ф-г-) к-э-I-а-ъ-п- т-з-з-г-ы-ъ-г- н-х- м-ш-э-и- -------------------------------------------------------- Ар (хъулъфыгъ) къэкIуагъэп, тызэзэгъыгъагъ нахь мышIэми. 0
A--(-ulfy-) -j---uag---, ----e--egy-ag-n--- m-s--jem-. A_ (_______ k___________ t____________ n___ m_________ A- (-u-f-g- k-e-I-a-j-p- t-z-e-j-g-g-g n-h- m-s-I-e-i- ------------------------------------------------------ Ar (hulfyg) kjekIuagjep, tyzjezjegygag nah' myshIjemi.
The TV was on. Nevertheless, he fell asleep. Те-е--зо-ыр -э--эн-гъ-г-.----емы-ъ--ыг---,-ар хэ--ыя-ъ. Т__________ х____________ А_ е____________ а_ х________ Т-л-в-з-р-р х-г-э-э-ъ-г-. А- е-ы-ъ-т-г-э-, а- х-ч-ы-г-. ------------------------------------------------------- Телевизорыр хэгъэнэгъагъ. Ащ емылъытыгъэу, ар хэчъыягъ. 0
T----iz-------eg-enje-ag- --hh----ly--g---,--r -jechy--g. T__________ h____________ A___ e___________ a_ h_________ T-l-v-z-r-r h-e-j-n-e-a-. A-h- e-y-y-y-j-u- a- h-e-h-j-g- --------------------------------------------------------- Televizoryr hjegjenjegag. Ashh emylytygjeu, ar hjechyjag.
It was already late. Nevertheless, he stayed a while. К---- хъ----г-э.-Ащ е-----т-гъэу,-а--щ-с--ъ. К____ х_________ А_ е____________ а_ щ______ К-а-э х-у-ъ-г-э- А- е-ы-ъ-т-г-э-, а- щ-с-г-. -------------------------------------------- КIасэ хъугъагъэ. Ащ емылъытыгъэу, ар щысыгъ. 0
K----- --gag-e. A-h-------t-g------r ---ysy-. K_____ h_______ A___ e___________ a_ s_______ K-a-j- h-g-g-e- A-h- e-y-y-y-j-u- a- s-h-s-g- --------------------------------------------- KIasje hugagje. Ashh emylytygjeu, ar shhysyg.
We had made an appointment. Nevertheless, he didn’t come. Ты-э--г-ы-ъагъ-----е-ы-ъы---ъ-у- -- к--кIу-г---. Т______________ А_ е____________ а_ к___________ Т-з-з-г-ы-ъ-г-. А- е-ы-ъ-т-г-э-, а- к-э-I-а-ъ-п- ------------------------------------------------ Тызэзэгъыгъагъ. Ащ емылъытыгъэу, ар къэкIуагъэп. 0
Tyzjezje-y--g.--sh- emyl-tyg---,-ar -j--I-a---p. T_____________ A___ e___________ a_ k___________ T-z-e-j-g-g-g- A-h- e-y-y-y-j-u- a- k-e-I-a-j-p- ------------------------------------------------ Tyzjezjegygag. Ashh emylytygjeu, ar kjekIuagjep.
Although he has no license, he drives the car. Ащ-(-------гъ)-ма--н-р -э---э----а-э-им-I- н--ь мы---м-. А_ (__________ м______ з______ п____ и____ н___ м_______ А- (-ъ-л-ф-г-) м-ш-н-р з-р-ф-, п-а-э и-ы-э н-х- м-ш-э-и- -------------------------------------------------------- Ащ (хъулъфыгъ) машинэр зэрефэ, правэ имыIэ нахь мышIэми. 0
Ash- -hu-fyg)------nj-r--je-ef-e, p--v----m-I-- ---- m---Ijemi. A___ (_______ m________ z________ p_____ i_____ n___ m_________ A-h- (-u-f-g- m-s-i-j-r z-e-e-j-, p-a-j- i-y-j- n-h- m-s-I-e-i- --------------------------------------------------------------- Ashh (hulfyg) mashinjer zjerefje, pravje imyIje nah' myshIjemi.
Although the road is slippery, he drives so fast. Ар (----ъ-ы--)--сын--эу м---о--г---ур ц-э-л-агъо-на-ь---шI---. А_ (__________ п_______ м_____ г_____ ц_________ н___ м_______ А- (-ъ-л-ф-г-) п-ы-к-э- м-к-о- г-о-у- ц-э-л-а-ъ- н-х- м-ш-э-и- -------------------------------------------------------------- Ар (хъулъфыгъ) псынкIэу макIо, гъогур цIэнлъагъо нахь мышIэми. 0
A- -h--f-g--ps---Ije---a-Io- -o--r --j-nlag- -a---my---j-mi. A_ (_______ p________ m_____ g____ c________ n___ m_________ A- (-u-f-g- p-y-k-j-u m-k-o- g-g-r c-j-n-a-o n-h- m-s-I-e-i- ------------------------------------------------------------ Ar (hulfyg) psynkIjeu makIo, gogur cIjenlago nah' myshIjemi.
Although he is drunk, he rides his bicycle. Ар -------ыг-)--уш--ьэф-чъ---тес,-----иI н-х--м-шI-м-. А_ (__________ к____________ т___ ч__ и_ н___ м_______ А- (-ъ-л-ф-г-) к-ш-х-э-а-ъ-м т-с- ч-ф и- н-х- м-ш-э-и- ------------------------------------------------------ Ар (хъулъфыгъ) кушъхьэфачъэм тес, чэф иI нахь мышIэми. 0
A- (h--fyg)--us--'je-a---em -e---chj----I---h' -ys---e-i. A_ (_______ k______________ t___ c____ i_ n___ m_________ A- (-u-f-g- k-s-h-j-f-c-j-m t-s- c-j-f i- n-h- m-s-I-e-i- --------------------------------------------------------- Ar (hulfyg) kushh'jefachjem tes, chjef iI nah' myshIjemi.
Despite having no licence / license (am.), he drives the car. Ащ--х-----ыгъ) --а-э----п.--ры--а-- ---Iэ-----шин---з-реф-. А_ (__________ п____ и____ А__ н___ м______ м______ з______ А- (-ъ-л-ф-г-) п-а-э и-э-. А-ы н-х- м-ш-э-и м-ш-н-р з-р-ф-. ----------------------------------------------------------- Ащ (хъулъфыгъ) правэ иIэп. Ары нахь мышIэми машинэр зэрефэ. 0
Ashh ----fyg- pr-v---iIje-. Ary-n-h--my-h----- -a-hi-jer zj-ref--. A___ (_______ p_____ i_____ A__ n___ m________ m________ z________ A-h- (-u-f-g- p-a-j- i-j-p- A-y n-h- m-s-I-e-i m-s-i-j-r z-e-e-j-. ------------------------------------------------------------------ Ashh (hulfyg) pravje iIjep. Ary nah' myshIjemi mashinjer zjerefje.
Despite the road being slippery, he drives fast. Гъ-гу- ц--нл-а---- --ы-на-ь----I--- ар (-ъу---ы--)----н--э---а-I-. Г_____ ц__________ А__ н___ м______ а_ (__________ п_______ м_____ Г-о-у- ц-э-л-а-ъ-. А-ы н-х- м-ш-э-и а- (-ъ-л-ф-г-) п-ы-к-э- м-к-о- ------------------------------------------------------------------ Гъогур цIэнлъагъо. Ары нахь мышIэми ар (хъулъфыгъ) псынкIэу макIо. 0
Go-u- cI-e---g------ -a---m--h-j--- -r-(hu-fy-) -s--k-je- m--Io. G____ c_________ A__ n___ m________ a_ (_______ p________ m_____ G-g-r c-j-n-a-o- A-y n-h- m-s-I-e-i a- (-u-f-g- p-y-k-j-u m-k-o- ---------------------------------------------------------------- Gogur cIjenlago. Ary nah' myshIjemi ar (hulfyg) psynkIjeu makIo.
Despite being drunk, he rides the bike. Ар-(х-у-ъф---)-ешъ-а--.-Ар--н--ь----I-ми куш------чъэр--эр--э. А_ (__________ е_______ А__ н___ м______ к____________ з______ А- (-ъ-л-ф-г-) е-ъ-а-ъ- А-ы н-х- м-ш-э-и к-ш-х-э-а-ъ-р з-р-ф-. -------------------------------------------------------------- Ар (хъулъфыгъ) ешъуагъ. Ары нахь мышIэми кушъхьэфачъэр зэрефэ. 0
Ar (hu-fyg----h-----Ar--n--' -ys---emi --shh'-e---hjer---e-efj-. A_ (_______ e______ A__ n___ m________ k______________ z________ A- (-u-f-g- e-h-a-. A-y n-h- m-s-I-e-i k-s-h-j-f-c-j-r z-e-e-j-. ---------------------------------------------------------------- Ar (hulfyg) eshuag. Ary nah' myshIjemi kushh'jefachjer zjerefje.
Although she went to college, she can’t find a job. Ащ---з-лъ---ъ---о------ыгъо-ы-эп,-апш--р- -ъ---ныг---и---ах- мыш--ми. А_ (__________ I______ ы_________ а______ г_________ и_ н___ м_______ А- (-з-л-ф-г-) I-ф-I-н ы-ъ-т-р-п- а-ш-э-э г-э-э-ы-ъ- и- н-х- м-ш-э-и- --------------------------------------------------------------------- Ащ (бзылъфыгъ) IофшIэн ыгъотырэп, апшъэрэ гъэсэныгъэ иI нахь мышIэми. 0
Ashh-(b--l---) I---h--en -g--y--e-,-ap--j---- -j----nygj--i---a-'-m--h-jem-. A___ (________ I________ y_________ a________ g__________ i_ n___ m_________ A-h- (-z-l-y-) I-f-h-j-n y-o-y-j-p- a-s-j-r-e g-e-j-n-g-e i- n-h- m-s-I-e-i- ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Ashh (bzylfyg) IofshIjen ygotyrjep, apshjerje gjesjenygje iI nah' myshIjemi.
Although she is in pain, she doesn’t go to the doctor. Ар-(-з--ъф---) -ра-ым --ж--к-ор-п,-узы---г---умэк-ы------мы-Iэ--. А_ (__________ в_____ д___ к______ у___ е__________ н___ м_______ А- (-з-л-ф-г-) в-а-ы- д-ж- к-о-э-, у-ы- е-ъ-г-м-к-ы н-х- м-ш-э-и- ----------------------------------------------------------------- Ар (бзылъфыгъ) врачым дэжь кIорэп, узым егъэгумэкIы нахь мышIэми. 0
A- (----f--)-vrac--m-d-e-------r-ep--uzy--e-jeg--je-I- na----ys-Ij-mi. A_ (________ v______ d_____ k_______ u___ e___________ n___ m_________ A- (-z-l-y-) v-a-h-m d-e-h- k-o-j-p- u-y- e-j-g-m-e-I- n-h- m-s-I-e-i- ---------------------------------------------------------------------- Ar (bzylfyg) vrachym djezh' kIorjep, uzym egjegumjekIy nah' myshIjemi.
Although she has no money, she buys a car. Ащ ---ы-ъфыг-) -ашинэ к--щэ-ы- ахъщ--им-Iэ н-хь-мы----и. А_ (__________ м_____ к_______ а____ и____ н___ м_______ А- (-з-л-ф-г-) м-ш-н- к-е-э-ы- а-ъ-э и-ы-э н-х- м-ш-э-и- -------------------------------------------------------- Ащ (бзылъфыгъ) машинэ къещэфы, ахъщэ имыIэ нахь мышIэми. 0
A--h ---ylf-g--m-s---je k--hh--f-, a-s-h-e--myI-- nah--my--Ije-i. A___ (________ m_______ k_________ a______ i_____ n___ m_________ A-h- (-z-l-y-) m-s-i-j- k-s-h-e-y- a-s-h-e i-y-j- n-h- m-s-I-e-i- ----------------------------------------------------------------- Ashh (bzylfyg) mashinje keshhjefy, ahshhje imyIje nah' myshIjemi.
She went to college. Nevertheless, she can’t find a job. Ар --жа-ъ. -рэу---у щ---н--- -ыш-эм-- I----э--ыгъотыр--. А_ е______ А_______ щ__ н___ м_______ I______ ы_________ А- е-ж-г-. А-э-щ-э- щ-т н-х- м-ш-э-и- I-ф-I-н ы-ъ-т-р-п- -------------------------------------------------------- Ар еджагъ. Арэущтэу щыт нахь мышIэми, IофшIэн ыгъотырэп. 0
Ar----h----A----sh-t-eu ---yt -ah- m--h--e-i--Iof-h-j---yg--y-je-. A_ e______ A___________ s____ n___ m_________ I________ y_________ A- e-z-a-. A-j-u-h-t-e- s-h-t n-h- m-s-I-e-i- I-f-h-j-n y-o-y-j-p- ------------------------------------------------------------------ Ar edzhag. Arjeushhtjeu shhyt nah' myshIjemi, IofshIjen ygotyrjep.
She is in pain. Nevertheless, she doesn’t go to the doctor. Ащ ---иI. --эущт-у -ыт--а-- -ыш----,---а-----эж- -Iор--. А_ у_ и__ А_______ щ__ н___ м_______ в_____ д___ к______ А- у- и-. А-э-щ-э- щ-т н-х- м-ш-э-и- в-а-ы- д-ж- к-о-э-. -------------------------------------------------------- Ащ уз иI. Арэущтэу щыт нахь мышIэми, врачым дэжь кIорэп. 0
A--h--z-i-.--r-e-sh---eu --hyt--ah- -y-h--e-i,-vr-c-----j-----kIo-jep. A___ u_ i__ A___________ s____ n___ m_________ v______ d_____ k_______ A-h- u- i-. A-j-u-h-t-e- s-h-t n-h- m-s-I-e-i- v-a-h-m d-e-h- k-o-j-p- ---------------------------------------------------------------------- Ashh uz iI. Arjeushhtjeu shhyt nah' myshIjemi, vrachym djezh' kIorjep.
She has no money. Nevertheless, she buys a car. Ащ ах--- -Iэп- ----щ--у щыт н--ь-мы-Iэ--,-м----- -ъ----ы. А_ а____ и____ А_______ щ__ н___ м_______ м_____ к_______ А- а-ъ-э и-э-. А-э-щ-э- щ-т н-х- м-ш-э-и- м-ш-н- к-е-э-ы- --------------------------------------------------------- Ащ ахъщэ иIэп. Арэущтэу щыт нахь мышIэми, машинэ къещэфы. 0
A-h---h----e-i--ep. ---e-s------ --h-t n--' --shI--m-,--as-------e--hj--y. A___ a______ i_____ A___________ s____ n___ m_________ m_______ k_________ A-h- a-s-h-e i-j-p- A-j-u-h-t-e- s-h-t n-h- m-s-I-e-i- m-s-i-j- k-s-h-e-y- -------------------------------------------------------------------------- Ashh ahshhje iIjep. Arjeushhtjeu shhyt nah' myshIjemi, mashinje keshhjefy.

Young people learn differently than older people

Children learn language relatively quickly. It typically takes longer for adults. But children don't learn better than adults. They just learn differently. When learning languages, the brain has to accomplish quite a lot. It has to learn multiple things simultaneously. When a person is learning a language, it's not enough to just think about it. He must also learn how to say the new words. For that, the speech organs must learn new movements. The brain must also learn to react to new situations. It is a challenge to communicate in a foreign language. Adults learn languages differently in every period of life, however. With 20 or 30 years of age, people still have a learning routine. School or studying isn't that far in the past. Therefore, the brain is well trained. As a result it can learn foreign languages at a very high level. People between the ages of 40 and 50 have already learned a lot. Their brain profits from this experience. It can combine new content with old knowledge well. At this age it learns best the things with which it is already familiar. That is, for example, languages that are similar to languages learned earlier in life. With 60 or 70 years of age, people typically have a lot of time. They can practice often. That is especially important with languages. Older people learn foreign writing especially well, for example. One can learn successfully at every age. The brain can still build new nerve cells after puberty. And it enjoys doing so…