Phrasebook

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42 [forty-two]

City tour

City tour

42 [тIокIитIурэ тIурэ]

42 [tIokIitIurje tIurje]

Къэлэ экскурсиер

[Kjelje jekskursier]

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Is the market open on Sundays? Т-ь----ф- -афэх-м-бэд--р-- ---ажь-? Т________ м______ б_______ м_______ Т-ь-у-э-э м-ф-х-м б-д-э-ы- м-л-ж-а- ----------------------------------- Тхьаумэфэ мафэхэм бэдзэрыр мэлажьа? 0
Th-aumj-f-- m-------m -je-zje-yr -j-l---'a? T__________ m________ b_________ m_________ T-'-u-j-f-e m-f-e-j-m b-e-z-e-y- m-e-a-h-a- ------------------------------------------- Th'aumjefje mafjehjem bjedzjeryr mjelazh'a?
Is the fair open on Mondays? Б-ы-- м-фэ--м -р---ыкъ-м--оф е-I-? Б____ м______ е_________ I__ е____ Б-ы-э м-ф-х-м е-м-л-к-ы- I-ф е-I-? ---------------------------------- Блыпэ мафэхэм ермэлыкъым Iоф ешIа? 0
B---je maf-ehj-m -r----y-y- -of ---Ia? B_____ m________ e_________ I__ e_____ B-y-j- m-f-e-j-m e-m-e-y-y- I-f e-h-a- -------------------------------------- Blypje mafjehjem ermjelykym Iof eshIa?
Is the exhibition open on Tuesdays? Г-убдж-ма--х---къэг----эг-о--эр-р---э--окI---? Г_____ м______ к_______________ р_____________ Г-у-д- м-ф-х-м к-э-ъ-л-э-ъ-н-э- р-г-э-I-к-ы-а- ---------------------------------------------- Гъубдж мафэхэм къэгъэлъэгъонхэр рагъэкIокIыха? 0
G---zh maf--h-e--k-e--e---gonhjer-r----k-----ha? G_____ m________ k_______________ r_____________ G-b-z- m-f-e-j-m k-e-j-l-e-o-h-e- r-g-e-I-k-y-a- ------------------------------------------------ Gubdzh mafjehjem kjegjeljegonhjer ragjekIokIyha?
Is the zoo open on Wednesdays? Б--э---ж-ые м-ф--эм--о--аркыр-з-Iу-ыгъ-? Б__________ м______ з________ з_________ Б-р-с-э-ъ-е м-ф-х-м з-о-а-к-р з-I-х-г-а- ---------------------------------------- Бэрэскэжъые мафэхэм зоопаркыр зэIухыгъа? 0
B-erj--k--zh-e mafj-hjem----p-rkyr-----uhy--? B_____________ m________ z________ z_________ B-e-j-s-j-z-y- m-f-e-j-m z-o-a-k-r z-e-u-y-a- --------------------------------------------- Bjerjeskjezhye mafjehjem zooparkyr zjeIuhyga?
Is the museum open on Thursdays? Мэ-эку --ф---- ---е----э-ух----? М_____ м______ м_____ з_________ М-ф-к- м-ф-х-м м-з-и- з-I-х-г-а- -------------------------------- Мэфэку мафэхэм музеир зэIухыгъа? 0
M---j-k- m--jeh--m -u--i- -jeIuh-g-? M_______ m________ m_____ z_________ M-e-j-k- m-f-e-j-m m-z-i- z-e-u-y-a- ------------------------------------ Mjefjeku mafjehjem muzeir zjeIuhyga?
Is the gallery open on Fridays? Бэрэс--ш-- м--эх-м г-л--е----э-у--гъа? Б_________ м______ г_______ з_________ Б-р-с-э-х- м-ф-х-м г-л-р-и- з-I-х-г-а- -------------------------------------- Бэрэскэшхо мафэхэм галереир зэIухыгъа? 0
Bj-rj--k-e-h-- ----e---m g-l-r----z-eIu---a? B_____________ m________ g_______ z_________ B-e-j-s-j-s-h- m-f-e-j-m g-l-r-i- z-e-u-y-a- -------------------------------------------- Bjerjeskjeshho mafjehjem galereir zjeIuhyga?
Can one take photographs? Сурэт--е-хы --ущ-а? С____ т____ х______ С-р-т т-п-ы х-у-т-? ------------------- Сурэт тепхы хъущта? 0
S--j-- --phy ---hh--? S_____ t____ h_______ S-r-e- t-p-y h-s-h-a- --------------------- Surjet tephy hushhta?
Does one have to pay an entrance fee? Ч-э-ь-п--- -ты--у--ы-а? Ч_________ п_____ щ____ Ч-э-ь-п-I- п-ы-э- щ-т-? ----------------------- ЧIэхьапкIэ птынэу щыта? 0
ChI-eh---k--e-p--nj-u --h-ta? C____________ p______ s______ C-I-e-'-p-I-e p-y-j-u s-h-t-? ----------------------------- ChIjeh'apkIje ptynjeu shhyta?
How much is the entrance fee? Ч-эх--пк----сыд ф--и-? Ч__________ с__ ф_____ Ч-э-ь-п-I-р с-д ф-д-з- ---------------------- ЧIэхьапкIэр сыд фэдиз? 0
Ch-j---a-kI-er---d fj-d--? C_____________ s__ f______ C-I-e-'-p-I-e- s-d f-e-i-? -------------------------- ChIjeh'apkIjer syd fjediz?
Is there a discount for groups? Купх-м---а--к--раг--ча? К_____ к_______________ К-п-э- к-а-ы-I-р-г-э-а- ----------------------- Купхэм къафыкIырагъэча? 0
Kuphj-----f--Iy---j-c-a? K______ k_______________ K-p-j-m k-f-k-y-a-j-c-a- ------------------------ Kuphjem kafykIyragjecha?
Is there a discount for children? К----ц--кIу-- --а-ыкIы-аг--ч-? К____________ к_______________ К-э-э-I-к-у-э к-а-ы-I-р-г-э-а- ------------------------------ КIэлэцIыкIумэ къафыкIырагъэча? 0
K-jeljecI-kIum---ka-y----agjech-? K_______________ k_______________ K-j-l-e-I-k-u-j- k-f-k-y-a-j-c-a- --------------------------------- KIjeljecIykIumje kafykIyragjecha?
Is there a discount for students? С----нт--м--ъафык-ыра-----? С_________ к_______________ С-у-е-т-э- к-а-ы-I-р-г-э-а- --------------------------- Студентхэм къафыкIырагъэча? 0
Studen-hje- -afy---ra--ec-a? S__________ k_______________ S-u-e-t-j-m k-f-k-y-a-j-c-a- ---------------------------- Studenthjem kafykIyragjecha?
What building is that? Мыр с-д --а? М__ с__ у___ М-р с-д у-а- ------------ Мыр сыд уна? 0
My- s-- una? M__ s__ u___ M-r s-d u-a- ------------ Myr syd una?
How old is the building? М-----м------- ы--бж-? М_ у___ т_____ ы______ М- у-э- т-ь-п- ы-ы-ж-? ---------------------- Мы унэм тхьапш ыныбжь? 0
My-un--m-t-----h -ny-z-'? M_ u____ t______ y_______ M- u-j-m t-'-p-h y-y-z-'- ------------------------- My unjem th'apsh ynybzh'?
Who built the building? Мы ун---х---зышIы---р? М_ у___ х__ з_________ М- у-э- х-т з-ш-ы-ъ-р- ---------------------- Мы унэр хэт зышIыгъэр? 0
My-unj-- hj-t-zy-hIyg-e-? M_ u____ h___ z__________ M- u-j-r h-e- z-s-I-g-e-? ------------------------- My unjer hjet zyshIygjer?
I’m interested in architecture. С--а---те---р---с--о--эш-эгъ-н. С_ а___________ с______________ С- а-х-т-к-у-э- с-I-г-э-I-г-о-. ------------------------------- Сэ архитектурэр сшIогъэшIэгъон. 0
Sje-a-hite--u-------hI-g----I-e---. S__ a____________ s________________ S-e a-h-t-k-u-j-r s-h-o-j-s-I-e-o-. ----------------------------------- Sje arhitekturjer sshIogjeshIjegon.
I’m interested in art. Сэ -с-у---вэр -шI-г----э-ъ--. С_ и_________ с______________ С- и-к-с-т-э- с-I-г-э-I-г-о-. ----------------------------- Сэ искусствэр сшIогъэшIэгъон. 0
S-e-i-------j-r -s---g-eshI-----. S__ i__________ s________________ S-e i-k-s-t-j-r s-h-o-j-s-I-e-o-. --------------------------------- Sje iskusstvjer sshIogjeshIjegon.
I’m interested in paintings. С- су------ныр сшIо-ъ-шI-гъ-н. С_ с__________ с______________ С- с-р-т-I-н-р с-I-г-э-I-г-о-. ------------------------------ Сэ сурэтшIыныр сшIогъэшIэгъон. 0
Sje s---et-hI--y--s-hI--j-shI-e-on. S__ s____________ s________________ S-e s-r-e-s-I-n-r s-h-o-j-s-I-e-o-. ----------------------------------- Sje surjetshIynyr sshIogjeshIjegon.

Fast languages, slow languages

There are over 6,000 languages worldwide. But all have the same function. They help us exchange information. This happens in various ways in every language. Because every language behaves according to its own rules. The speed with which a language is spoken also differs. Linguists have proven this in various studies. To this end, short texts were translated into several languages. These texts were then read aloud by native speakers. The result was clear. Japanese and Spanish are the fastest languages. In these languages, almost 8 syllables per second are spoken. The Chinese speak considerably slower. They speak only 5 syllables per second. The speed is dependent on the complexity of the syllables. If the syllables are complex, speaking takes longer. German contains 3 sounds per syllable, for example. Therefore it is spoken relatively slowly. Speaking quickly does not mean, however, that there is a lot to communicate. Quite the opposite! Only a little information is contained in syllables that are quickly spoken. Although the Japanese speak quickly, they convey little content. On the other hand, the ‘slow’ Chinese say a great deal with a few words. English syllables also contain a lot of information. Interesting is: The evaluated languages are almost equally efficient! That means, he who speaks slower says more. And he who speaks faster needs more words. In the end, all reach their goal at about the same time.
Did you know?
Slovenian is counted among the South Slavic languages. It is the native language of about 2 million people. These people live in Slovenia, Croatia, Serbia, Austria, Italy and Hungary. Slovenian is similar in many ways to Czech and Slovakian. Many influences from Serbo-Croatian can also be seen. Although Slovenia is a small country, many different dialects exist there. This is due to the fact that the language region looks back at a chequered history. This manifests itself in the vocabulary too, as it contains many foreign language terms. Slovenian is written with Latin letters. The grammar distinguishes six cases and three genders. There are two official phonologies in the pronunciation. One of them differentiates precisely between high and low sounds. Another peculiarity of the language is its archaic structure. Slovenians have always been very open with respect to other languages. So they are even happier when someone is interested in their language!