Phrasebook

en Subordinate clauses: if   »   ku hevokên pêrayî … an ...)

93 [ninety-three]

Subordinate clauses: if

Subordinate clauses: if

93 [not û sê]

hevokên pêrayî … an ...)

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I don’t know if he loves me. E- n----im bê -w-j--m-n-he- --ke a- -a. E_ n______ b_ e_ j_ m__ h__ d___ a_ n__ E- n-z-n-m b- e- j- m-n h-z d-k- a- n-. --------------------------------------- Ez nizanim bê ew ji min hez dike an na. 0
I don’t know if he’ll come back. Ez --z--im-b--ê -ar-i- ve-er-----n-. E_ n______ b_ ê c_____ v_____ a_ n__ E- n-z-n-m b- ê c-r-i- v-g-r- a- n-. ------------------------------------ Ez nizanim bê ê cardin vegere an na. 0
I don’t know if he’ll call me. E- n-z-n-m-b- - l--m-- --g-re -n na. E_ n______ b_ ê l_ m__ b_____ a_ n__ E- n-z-n-m b- ê l- m-n b-g-r- a- n-. ------------------------------------ Ez nizanim bê ê li min bigere an na. 0
Maybe he doesn’t love me? Ge-o-e-----min he--d-k-? G___ e_ j_ m__ h__ d____ G-l- e- j- m-n h-z d-k-? ------------------------ Gelo ew ji min hez dike? 0
Maybe he won’t come back? Ge-o - vegere? G___ ê v______ G-l- ê v-g-r-? -------------- Gelo ê vegere? 0
Maybe he won’t call me? Ge-o---t--e-on--m-- b-ke? G___ ê t_______ m__ b____ G-l- ê t-l-f-n- m-n b-k-? ------------------------- Gelo ê têlefonî min bike? 0
I wonder if he thinks about me. E- j- --e d-p---i- -----e- -i---i-i-i-e a--n-. E_ j_ x__ d_______ g___ e_ m__ d_______ a_ n__ E- j- x-e d-p-r-i- g-l- e- m-n d-f-k-r- a- n-. ---------------------------------------------- Ez ji xwe dipirsim gelo ew min difikire an na. 0
I wonder if he has someone else. E--ji -we--i----i---e----i ji-a-a -î---de-y--------- -eye--n-na. E_ j_ x__ d_______ g___ d_ j_____ w___ d_ y_____ d__ h___ a_ n__ E- j- x-e d-p-r-i- g-l- d- j-y-n- w-/- d- y-k-/- d-n h-y- a- n-. ---------------------------------------------------------------- Ez ji xwe dipirsim gelo di jiyana wî/ê de yeke/î din heye an na. 0
I wonder if he lies. Ez-j- -we d----s-m g-l--e- -er-w -ike an---. E_ j_ x__ d_______ g___ e_ d____ d___ a_ n__ E- j- x-e d-p-r-i- g-l- e- d-r-w d-k- a- n-. -------------------------------------------- Ez ji xwe dipirsim gelo ew derew dike an na. 0
Maybe he thinks of me? Gel- e- ----d---kir-? G___ e_ m__ d________ G-l- e- m-n d-f-k-r-? --------------------- Gelo ew min difikire? 0
Maybe he has someone else? Ge---he---ri-e-- w- y---i- he-e-a--n-? G___ h__________ w_ y_ d__ h___ a_ n__ G-l- h-z-i-i-e-e w- y- d-n h-y- a- n-? -------------------------------------- Gelo hezkiriyeke wî ye din heye an na? 0
Maybe he tells me the truth? G--- ew --st d-bê--? G___ e_ r___ d______ G-l- e- r-s- d-b-j-? -------------------- Gelo ew rast dibêje? 0
I doubt whether he really likes me. Ez -i--vim gum-na- -ê --lo-ez---r---î-li xwe--y- -î---çi-. E_ d______ g______ b_ g___ e_ b______ l_ x______ w_ d_____ E- d-k-v-m g-m-n-n b- g-l- e- b-r-s-î l- x-e-i-a w- d-ç-m- ----------------------------------------------------------- Ez dikevim gumanan bê gelo ez birastî li xweşiya wî diçim. 0
I doubt whether he’ll write to me. Ez di----- gum-n-n ji -o ---î--nd--- -- -- -i --n-r-. E_ d______ g______ j_ b_ n__________ w_ y_ j_ m__ r__ E- d-k-v-m g-m-n-n j- b- n-v-s-n-i-a w- y- j- m-n r-. ----------------------------------------------------- Ez dikevim gumanan ji bo nivîsandina wî ye ji min re. 0
I doubt whether he’ll marry me. E- ------- -um---- gelo ê------n ---bizewic-------. E_ d______ g______ g___ ê b_ m__ r_ b_______ a_ n__ E- d-k-v-m g-m-n-n g-l- ê b- m-n r- b-z-w-c- a- n-. --------------------------------------------------- Ez dikevim gumanan gelo ê bi min re bizewice an na. 0
Does he really like me? G-l--ew -irast- jî-ji -in-h-z--i--? G___ e_ b______ j_ j_ m__ h__ d____ G-l- e- b-r-s-î j- j- m-n h-z d-k-? ----------------------------------- Gelo ew birastî jî ji min hez dike? 0
Will he write to me? Ge-o - -- -in r---in-vî--? G___ ê j_ m__ r_ b________ G-l- ê j- m-n r- b-n-v-s-? -------------------------- Gelo ê ji min re binivîse? 0
Will he marry me? G-l-----------re-biz-wice? G___ ê b_ m__ r_ b________ G-l- ê b- m-n r- b-z-w-c-? -------------------------- Gelo ê bi min re bizewice? 0

How does the brain learn grammar?

We begin to learn our native language as babies. This happens automatically. We are not aware of it. Our brain has to accomplish a great deal when learning, however. When we learn grammar, for example, it has a lot of work to do. Every day it hears new things. It receives new stimuli constantly. The brain can't process every stimulus individually, however. It has to act economically. Therefore, it orients itself toward regularity. The brain remembers what it hears often. It registers how often a specific thing occurs. Then it makes a grammatical rule out of these examples. Children know whether a sentence is correct or not. However, they don't know why that is. Their brain knows the rules without having learned them. Adults learn languages differently. They already know the structures of their native language. These build the basis for the new grammatical rules. But in order to learn, adults need teaching. When the brain learns grammar, it has a fixed system. This can be seen with nouns and verbs, for example. They are stored in different regions of the brain. Different areas of the brain are active when processing them. Simple rules are also learned differently from complex rules. With complex rules, more areas of the brain work together. How exactly the brain learns grammar hasn't been researched yet. However, we know that it can theoretically learn every grammar rule…