Phrasebook

en Subordinate clauses: if   »   am የበታች አንቀጾች: ከሆነ

93 [ninety-three]

Subordinate clauses: if

Subordinate clauses: if

93 [ዘጠና ሶስት]

93 [zet’ena sositi]

የበታች አንቀጾች: ከሆነ

[ni’usi ḥāregi – kehone]

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I don’t know if he loves me. ያፈቅ---እ-ደሆነ---ውቅ-። ያ____ እ____ አ_____ ያ-ቅ-ኝ እ-ደ-ነ አ-ው-ም- ------------------ ያፈቅረኝ እንደሆነ አላውቅም። 0
yaf-k-ire--- i-ideh-n--ālaw--’i-i. y___________ i________ ā__________ y-f-k-i-e-y- i-i-e-o-e ā-a-i-’-m-. ---------------------------------- yafek’irenyi inidehone ālawik’imi.
I don’t know if he’ll come back. ተ-ል--የሚመጣ እ--ሆ-------። ተ___ የ___ እ____ አ_____ ተ-ል- የ-መ- እ-ደ-ነ አ-ው-ም- ---------------------- ተመልሶ የሚመጣ እንደሆነ አላውቅም። 0
tem-l-so---m---------i-ehon---law-k--mi. t_______ y________ i________ ā__________ t-m-l-s- y-m-m-t-a i-i-e-o-e ā-a-i-’-m-. ---------------------------------------- temeliso yemīmet’a inidehone ālawik’imi.
I don’t know if he’ll call me. እ--ሚ--ልል- --ውቅም። እ________ አ_____ እ-ደ-ደ-ል-ኝ አ-ው-ም- ---------------- እንደሚደውልልኝ አላውቅም። 0
in-de-ī-ew--i-i--i ā-awi-’-m-. i_________________ ā__________ i-i-e-ī-e-i-i-i-y- ā-a-i-’-m-. ------------------------------ inidemīdewililinyi ālawik’imi.
Maybe he doesn’t love me? ድ--ት አያፈቅ--- ይሆ-? ድ___ አ______ ይ___ ድ-ገ- አ-ፈ-ረ-ም ይ-ን- ----------------- ድንገት አያፈቅረኝም ይሆን? 0
din-ge-- -yaf-k--reny-------oni? d_______ ā______________ y______ d-n-g-t- ā-a-e-’-r-n-i-i y-h-n-? -------------------------------- dinigeti āyafek’irenyimi yihoni?
Maybe he won’t come back? ድ--ት ተመ-ሶ አ-መ-ም-ይ--? ድ___ ተ___ አ____ ይ___ ድ-ገ- ተ-ል- አ-መ-ም ይ-ን- -------------------- ድንገት ተመልሶ አይመጣም ይሆን? 0
din---t- teme--s- -y-me-’am- yihoni? d_______ t_______ ā_________ y______ d-n-g-t- t-m-l-s- ā-i-e-’-m- y-h-n-? ------------------------------------ dinigeti temeliso āyimet’ami yihoni?
Maybe he won’t call me? ድ-ገ- -ይደው-ልኝ- ---? ድ___ አ_______ ይ___ ድ-ገ- አ-ደ-ል-ኝ- ይ-ን- ------------------ ድንገት አይደውልልኝም ይሆን? 0
di-ig--- ā---e--l-li-y--- yih-n-? d_______ ā_______________ y______ d-n-g-t- ā-i-e-i-i-i-y-m- y-h-n-? --------------------------------- dinigeti āyidewililinyimi yihoni?
I wonder if he thinks about me. ስ- -----ስ--ብ---ራ-ን ጠየ--። ስ_ እ_ ቢ___ ብ_ እ___ ጠ____ ስ- እ- ቢ-ስ- ብ- እ-ሴ- ጠ-ኩ-። ------------------------ ስለ እኔ ቢያስብ ብዬ እራሴን ጠየኩኝ። 0
sile inē bī------ -i-ē---a--n- -’eyekun--. s___ i__ b_______ b___ i______ t__________ s-l- i-ē b-y-s-b- b-y- i-a-ē-i t-e-e-u-y-. ------------------------------------------ sile inē bīyasibi biyē irasēni t’eyekunyi.
I wonder if he has someone else. ሌ-----ቢይ-ስ ብ--እ--ን ጠ-ኩኝ። ሌ_ ሰ_ ቢ___ ብ_ እ___ ጠ____ ሌ- ሰ- ቢ-ዝ- ብ- እ-ሴ- ጠ-ኩ-። ------------------------ ሌላ ሰው ቢይዝስ ብዬ እራሴን ጠየኩኝ። 0
l--a-s--i bī-iz-si-b-yē--r-sē---t----kunyi. l___ s___ b_______ b___ i______ t__________ l-l- s-w- b-y-z-s- b-y- i-a-ē-i t-e-e-u-y-. ------------------------------------------- lēla sewi bīyizisi biyē irasēni t’eyekunyi.
I wonder if he lies. ቢ-ሽ-ብ- እ-----የ-ኝ። ቢ__ ብ_ እ___ ጠ____ ቢ-ሽ ብ- እ-ሴ- ጠ-ኩ-። ----------------- ቢዋሽ ብዬ እራሴን ጠየኩኝ። 0
b-w-s-i----- -ra-ē---------u-y-. b______ b___ i______ t__________ b-w-s-i b-y- i-a-ē-i t-e-e-u-y-. -------------------------------- bīwashi biyē irasēni t’eyekunyi.
Maybe he thinks of me? እ-ን-እያሰ---ይሆ----? እ__ እ____ ይ__ ወ__ እ-ን እ-ሰ-ኝ ይ-ን ወ-? ----------------- እኔን እያሰበኝ ይሆን ወይ? 0
in--i -y--e-en-i ---o-i -e--? i____ i_________ y_____ w____ i-ē-i i-a-e-e-y- y-h-n- w-y-? ----------------------------- inēni iyasebenyi yihoni weyi?
Maybe he has someone else? ሌላ -ው--ዞ ይሆን-ወይ? ሌ_ ሰ_ ይ_ ይ__ ወ__ ሌ- ሰ- ይ- ይ-ን ወ-? ---------------- ሌላ ሰው ይዞ ይሆን ወይ? 0
lēla -ew--yizo yi-o-i w---? l___ s___ y___ y_____ w____ l-l- s-w- y-z- y-h-n- w-y-? --------------------------- lēla sewi yizo yihoni weyi?
Maybe he tells me the truth? እውነ-ን---ሮኝ--ሆን-ወ-? እ____ ነ___ ይ__ ወ__ እ-ነ-ን ነ-ሮ- ይ-ን ወ-? ------------------ እውነቱን ነግሮኝ ይሆን ወይ? 0
iw--e-u----e-ir--yi-y--o-- w-yi? i________ n________ y_____ w____ i-i-e-u-i n-g-r-n-i y-h-n- w-y-? -------------------------------- iwinetuni negironyi yihoni weyi?
I doubt whether he really likes me. በ-ግ- ----ል -ይ----እ-ረጥ---። በ___ ይ____ ወ_ ብ_ እ_______ በ-ግ- ይ-ደ-ል ወ- ብ- እ-ረ-ራ-ው- ------------------------- በርግጥ ይወደኛል ወይ ብዬ እጠረጥራለው። 0
b-r-gi-’--yiw---ny-l- ---- --y--it’e------a---i. b________ y__________ w___ b___ i_______________ b-r-g-t-i y-w-d-n-a-i w-y- b-y- i-’-r-t-i-a-e-i- ------------------------------------------------ berigit’i yiwedenyali weyi biyē it’eret’iralewi.
I doubt whether he’ll write to me. ይጽ--ኛ- ወይ -ዬ እ-ረ--ለ-። ይ_____ ወ_ ብ_ እ_______ ይ-ፍ-ኛ- ወ- ብ- እ-ረ-ራ-ው- --------------------- ይጽፍልኛል ወይ ብዬ እጠረጥራለው። 0
y---’--i-i-y--i-w-y- --y- it-e--t----le--. y______________ w___ b___ i_______________ y-t-’-f-l-n-a-i w-y- b-y- i-’-r-t-i-a-e-i- ------------------------------------------ yits’ifilinyali weyi biyē it’eret’iralewi.
I doubt whether he’ll marry me. ያ---------ዬ--ጠረጥ-ለው። ያ____ ወ_ ብ_ እ_______ ያ-ባ-ል ወ- ብ- እ-ረ-ራ-ው- -------------------- ያገባኛል ወይ ብዬ እጠረጥራለው። 0
y--eb-ny-l--w-y--bi----t’---t--r--e--. y__________ w___ b___ i_______________ y-g-b-n-a-i w-y- b-y- i-’-r-t-i-a-e-i- -------------------------------------- yagebanyali weyi biyē it’eret’iralewi.
Does he really like me? በው-----ደ- -ሆን? በ___ ይ___ ይ___ በ-ነ- ይ-ደ- ይ-ን- -------------- በውነት ይወደኝ ይሆን? 0
b--in-t- ------nyi --h-n-? b_______ y________ y______ b-w-n-t- y-w-d-n-i y-h-n-? -------------------------- bewineti yiwedenyi yihoni?
Will he write to me? ይ--ልኝ--ሆ-? ይ____ ይ___ ይ-ፍ-ኝ ይ-ን- ---------- ይፅፍልኝ ይሆን? 0
y-t---if--in-i--i---i? y____________ y______ y-t-s-i-i-i-y- y-h-n-? ---------------------- yit͟s’ifilinyi yihoni?
Will he marry me? ያገባ--ይ-ን? ያ___ ይ___ ያ-ባ- ይ-ን- --------- ያገባኝ ይሆን? 0
y-g---n----i---i? y________ y______ y-g-b-n-i y-h-n-? ----------------- yagebanyi yihoni?

How does the brain learn grammar?

We begin to learn our native language as babies. This happens automatically. We are not aware of it. Our brain has to accomplish a great deal when learning, however. When we learn grammar, for example, it has a lot of work to do. Every day it hears new things. It receives new stimuli constantly. The brain can't process every stimulus individually, however. It has to act economically. Therefore, it orients itself toward regularity. The brain remembers what it hears often. It registers how often a specific thing occurs. Then it makes a grammatical rule out of these examples. Children know whether a sentence is correct or not. However, they don't know why that is. Their brain knows the rules without having learned them. Adults learn languages differently. They already know the structures of their native language. These build the basis for the new grammatical rules. But in order to learn, adults need teaching. When the brain learns grammar, it has a fixed system. This can be seen with nouns and verbs, for example. They are stored in different regions of the brain. Different areas of the brain are active when processing them. Simple rules are also learned differently from complex rules. With complex rules, more areas of the brain work together. How exactly the brain learns grammar hasn't been researched yet. However, we know that it can theoretically learn every grammar rule…