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55 [fifty-five]



55 [vijfenvijftig]



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What do you do for a living? Wa- v--- w--- d--- u? Wat voor werk doet u? 0 +
My husband is a doctor. Mi-- m-- w---- a-- a---. Mijn man werkt als arts. 0 +
I work as a nurse part-time. Ik w--- p------- a-- v-----------. Ik werk parttime als verpleegster. 0 +
We will soon receive our pension. Wi- z----- g--- o-- p------- o--------. Wij zullen gauw ons pensioen ontvangen. 0 +
But taxes are high. Ma-- d- b---------- z--- h---. Maar de belastingen zijn hoog. 0 +
And health insurance is expensive. En d- z---------------------- i- d---. En de ziektekostenverzekering is duur. 0 +
What would you like to become some day? Wa- w-- j- w-----? Wat wil je worden? 0 +
I would like to become an engineer. Ik w-- g---- i-------- w-----. Ik wil graag ingenieur worden. 0 +
I want to go to college. Ik w-- n--- d- u----------- g---. Ik wil naar de universiteit gaan. 0 +
I am an intern. Ik b-- s--------. Ik ben stagiaire. 0 +
I do not earn much. Ik v------ n--- v---. Ik verdien niet veel. 0 +
I am doing an internship abroad. Ik l--- s---- i- h-- b---------. Ik loop stage in het buitenland. 0 +
That is my boss. Di- i- m--- b---. Dit is mijn baas. 0 +
I have nice colleagues. Ik h-- l---- c--------. Ik heb leuke collega’s. 0 +
We always go to the cafeteria at noon. We g--- i----- m----- n--- d- k------. We gaan iedere middag naar de kantine. 0 +
I am looking for a job. Ik b-- o- z--- n--- e-- b---. Ik ben op zoek naar een baan. 0 +
I have already been unemployed for a year. Ik b-- a- e-- j--- w-------. Ik ben al een jaar werkloos. 0 +
There are too many unemployed people in this country. Er z--- t- v--- w-------- i- d-- l---. Er zijn te vele werklozen in dit land. 0 +

Memory needs speech

Most people remember their first day of school. However, they no longer recall that which came before. We have almost no memory of our first years of life. But why is that? Why can't we remember the experiences we had as a baby? The reason lies in our development. Speech and memory develop at about the same time. And in order to remember something, a person needs speech. That is, he must have words for that which he experiences. Scientists have conducted various tests with children. In doing so, they made an interesting discovery. As soon as children learn to speak, they forget everything that came before. The beginning of speech is therefore also the beginning of memory. Children learn a great deal in the first three years of their lives. They experience new things every day. They also have many important experiences at this age. Despite this, it all disappears. Psychologists refer to this phenomenon as infantile amnesia. Only the things that children can name remain. The autobiographical memory retains personal experiences. It functions like a journal. Everything that is important in our life is recorded in it. In this way, the autobiographical memory forms our identity. But its development is dependent upon the learning of the native language. And we can only activate our memory through our speech. The things that we learn as a baby are not really gone, of course. They are stored somewhere in our brain. We just can't access them anymore… – that's a shame, isn't it?