Phrasebook

en big – small   »   nl groot – klein

68 [sixty-eight]

big – small

big – small

68 [achtenzestig]

groot – klein

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big and small g-oo- en----in groot en klein g-o-t e- k-e-n -------------- groot en klein 0
The elephant is big. D---l--ant is gr-ot. De olifant is groot. D- o-i-a-t i- g-o-t- -------------------- De olifant is groot. 0
The mouse is small. D----i-----kl--n. De muis is klein. D- m-i- i- k-e-n- ----------------- De muis is klein. 0
dark and bright d-n-er -n--icht donker en licht d-n-e- e- l-c-t --------------- donker en licht 0
The night is dark. De ---h--is----k-r. De nacht is donker. D- n-c-t i- d-n-e-. ------------------- De nacht is donker. 0
The day is bright. D- dag--- li-ht. De dag is licht. D- d-g i- l-c-t- ---------------- De dag is licht. 0
old and young ou- -n--ong oud en jong o-d e- j-n- ----------- oud en jong 0
Our grandfather is very old. O----gr--tva-e- is -eel-o--. Onze grootvader is heel oud. O-z- g-o-t-a-e- i- h-e- o-d- ---------------------------- Onze grootvader is heel oud. 0
70 years ago he was still young. 7--jaar-----de- wa- --j-n-- jo--. 70 jaar geleden was hij nog jong. 7- j-a- g-l-d-n w-s h-j n-g j-n-. --------------------------------- 70 jaar geleden was hij nog jong. 0
beautiful and ugly m-o- en l--i-k mooi en lelijk m-o- e- l-l-j- -------------- mooi en lelijk 0
The butterfly is beautiful. D- vl-nder -- -o-i. De vlinder is mooi. D- v-i-d-r i- m-o-. ------------------- De vlinder is mooi. 0
The spider is ugly. D--sp-n is -elijk. De spin is lelijk. D- s-i- i- l-l-j-. ------------------ De spin is lelijk. 0
fat and thin di- en---n dik en dun d-k e- d-n ---------- dik en dun 0
A woman who weighs a hundred kilos is fat. E----r-uw van -00 -ilo i- --k. Een vrouw van 100 kilo is dik. E-n v-o-w v-n 1-0 k-l- i- d-k- ------------------------------ Een vrouw van 100 kilo is dik. 0
A man who weighs fifty kilos is thin. E-- -----a- 5--ki---is---n. Een man van 50 kilo is dun. E-n m-n v-n 5- k-l- i- d-n- --------------------------- Een man van 50 kilo is dun. 0
expensive and cheap du-r e- --ed--op duur en goedkoop d-u- e- g-e-k-o- ---------------- duur en goedkoop 0
The car is expensive. D--au-- is -uu-. De auto is duur. D- a-t- i- d-u-. ---------------- De auto is duur. 0
The newspaper is cheap. D---ra-t--- -o-dko--. De krant is goedkoop. D- k-a-t i- g-e-k-o-. --------------------- De krant is goedkoop. 0

Code-switching

More and more people are growing up bilingual. They can speak more than one language. Many of these people often switch languages. They decide which language to use depending on the situation. For example, they speak a different language at work than at home. By doing so, they adapt themselves to their environment. But there is also the possibility of switching languages spontaneously. This phenomenon is called code-switching . In code-switching, the language gets switched in the middle of speaking. There could be many reasons why speakers switch languages. Often, they don't find the appropriate word in one language. They can express themselves better in the other language. It can also be that the speaker feels more confident in one of the languages. They use this language for private or personal things. Sometimes a certain word doesn't exist in a language. In this case the speaker must switch languages. Or they switch languages so that they aren't understood. In that case code-switching works like a secret language. Earlier, mixing languages was criticized. It was thought that the speaker couldn't speak either language correctly. Today it is viewed differently. Code-switching is recognized as a special linguistic competence. It can be interesting to observe speakers using code-switching. Often, they don't just switch the language they're speaking. Other communicative elements change as well. Many speak faster, louder or more accentuated in the other language. Or they suddenly use more gestures and facial expressions. In this way, code-switching is always a little bit of culture-switching too…