Phrasebook

en big – small   »   hu nagy – kicsi

68 [sixty-eight]

big – small

big – small

68 [hatvannyolc]

nagy – kicsi

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big and small na-- -s-kicsi n--- é- k---- n-g- é- k-c-i ------------- nagy és kicsi 0
The elephant is big. A- elef-nt -ag-. A- e------ n---- A- e-e-á-t n-g-. ---------------- Az elefánt nagy. 0
The mouse is small. A- ---r----s-. A- e--- k----- A- e-é- k-c-i- -------------- Az egér kicsi. 0
dark and bright söt-t és ----g-s s---- é- v------ s-t-t é- v-l-g-s ---------------- sötét és világos 0
The night is dark. Az -jszak- -ö--t. A- é------ s----- A- é-s-a-a s-t-t- ----------------- Az éjszaka sötét. 0
The day is bright. A na-p-l-v-l--o-. A n----- v------- A n-p-a- v-l-g-s- ----------------- A nappal világos. 0
old and young ö--g és--i-tal ö--- é- f----- ö-e- é- f-a-a- -------------- öreg és fiatal 0
Our grandfather is very old. A m--n--y----- ----on----g. A m- n-------- n----- ö---- A m- n-g-a-á-k n-g-o- ö-e-. --------------------------- A mi nagyapánk nagyon öreg. 0
70 years ago he was still young. 70-é---l eze-őt- -ég --a-al -o--. 7- é---- e------ m-- f----- v---- 7- é-v-l e-e-ő-t m-g f-a-a- v-l-. --------------------------------- 70 évvel ezelőtt még fiatal volt. 0
beautiful and ugly s--p-é- -----a s--- é- c----- s-é- é- c-ú-y- -------------- szép és csúnya 0
The butterfly is beautiful. A------n-- szé-. A p------- s---- A p-l-a-g- s-é-. ---------------- A pillangó szép. 0
The spider is ugly. A --- -s-nya. A p-- c------ A p-k c-ú-y-. ------------- A pók csúnya. 0
fat and thin k-v-r é- s-v--y k---- é- s----- k-v-r é- s-v-n- --------------- kövér és sovány 0
A woman who weighs a hundred kilos is fat. E-y -ő 1-0 -i--va-----é-. E-- n- 1-- k------ k----- E-y n- 1-0 k-l-v-l k-v-r- ------------------------- Egy nő 100 kilóval kövér. 0
A man who weighs fifty kilos is thin. E-y férfi-50 kil-val s--ány. E-- f---- 5- k------ s------ E-y f-r-i 5- k-l-v-l s-v-n-. ---------------------------- Egy férfi 50 kilóval sovány. 0
expensive and cheap drága--- -l-só d---- é- o---- d-á-a é- o-c-ó -------------- drága és olcsó 0
The car is expensive. Az -u-ó--rá-a. A- a--- d----- A- a-t- d-á-a- -------------- Az autó drága. 0
The newspaper is cheap. A---js-g --csó. A- ú---- o----- A- ú-s-g o-c-ó- --------------- Az újság olcsó. 0

Code-switching

More and more people are growing up bilingual. They can speak more than one language. Many of these people often switch languages. They decide which language to use depending on the situation. For example, they speak a different language at work than at home. By doing so, they adapt themselves to their environment. But there is also the possibility of switching languages spontaneously. This phenomenon is called code-switching . In code-switching, the language gets switched in the middle of speaking. There could be many reasons why speakers switch languages. Often, they don't find the appropriate word in one language. They can express themselves better in the other language. It can also be that the speaker feels more confident in one of the languages. They use this language for private or personal things. Sometimes a certain word doesn't exist in a language. In this case the speaker must switch languages. Or they switch languages so that they aren't understood. In that case code-switching works like a secret language. Earlier, mixing languages was criticized. It was thought that the speaker couldn't speak either language correctly. Today it is viewed differently. Code-switching is recognized as a special linguistic competence. It can be interesting to observe speakers using code-switching. Often, they don't just switch the language they're speaking. Other communicative elements change as well. Many speak faster, louder or more accentuated in the other language. Or they suddenly use more gestures and facial expressions. In this way, code-switching is always a little bit of culture-switching too…