Phrasebook

en big – small   »   sk veľký – malý

68 [sixty-eight]

big – small

big – small

68 [šesťdesiatosem]

veľký – malý

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big and small ve-ký a-m-lý veľký a malý v-ľ-ý a m-l- ------------ veľký a malý 0
The elephant is big. S-on--- veľký. Slon je veľký. S-o- j- v-ľ-ý- -------------- Slon je veľký. 0
The mouse is small. M-š -e m--á. Myš je malá. M-š j- m-l-. ------------ Myš je malá. 0
dark and bright tma-- - s--t-ý tmavý a svetlý t-a-ý a s-e-l- -------------- tmavý a svetlý 0
The night is dark. N-- -- tm-vá. Noc je tmavá. N-c j- t-a-á- ------------- Noc je tmavá. 0
The day is bright. D----- -vetl-. Deň je svetlý. D-ň j- s-e-l-. -------------- Deň je svetlý. 0
old and young starý a --a-ý starý a mladý s-a-ý a m-a-ý ------------- starý a mladý 0
Our grandfather is very old. N-š --d-- -e ----i s---ý. Náš dedko je veľmi starý. N-š d-d-o j- v-ľ-i s-a-ý- ------------------------- Náš dedko je veľmi starý. 0
70 years ago he was still young. Pre- 70 -ok-i bol-e--e-m-a-ý. Pred 70 rokmi bol ešte mladý. P-e- 7- r-k-i b-l e-t- m-a-ý- ----------------------------- Pred 70 rokmi bol ešte mladý. 0
beautiful and ugly p-kn- - š---e-ý pekný a škaredý p-k-ý a š-a-e-ý --------------- pekný a škaredý 0
The butterfly is beautiful. Mo-ý- j--pek-ý. Motýľ je pekný. M-t-ľ j- p-k-ý- --------------- Motýľ je pekný. 0
The spider is ugly. Pa-ú---- škare-ý. Pavúk je škaredý. P-v-k j- š-a-e-ý- ----------------- Pavúk je škaredý. 0
fat and thin tlst- -----dý tlstý a chudý t-s-ý a c-u-ý ------------- tlstý a chudý 0
A woman who weighs a hundred kilos is fat. Ž--------iac--100----ogram--- je-t-stá. Ženа, vážiaca 100 kilogramov, je tlstá. Ž-n-, v-ž-a-a 1-0 k-l-g-a-o-, j- t-s-á- --------------------------------------- Ženа, vážiaca 100 kilogramov, je tlstá. 0
A man who weighs fifty kilos is thin. M-ž, v-ž-ac- 50 ---o-----v,-------d-. Muž, vážiaci 50 kilogramov, je chudý. M-ž- v-ž-a-i 5- k-l-g-a-o-, j- c-u-ý- ------------------------------------- Muž, vážiaci 50 kilogramov, je chudý. 0
expensive and cheap d-ahý---lac-ý drahý a lacný d-a-ý a l-c-ý ------------- drahý a lacný 0
The car is expensive. Aut--j---ra-é. Auto je drahé. A-t- j- d-a-é- -------------- Auto je drahé. 0
The newspaper is cheap. Nov-----ú la-né. Noviny sú lacné. N-v-n- s- l-c-é- ---------------- Noviny sú lacné. 0

Code-switching

More and more people are growing up bilingual. They can speak more than one language. Many of these people often switch languages. They decide which language to use depending on the situation. For example, they speak a different language at work than at home. By doing so, they adapt themselves to their environment. But there is also the possibility of switching languages spontaneously. This phenomenon is called code-switching . In code-switching, the language gets switched in the middle of speaking. There could be many reasons why speakers switch languages. Often, they don't find the appropriate word in one language. They can express themselves better in the other language. It can also be that the speaker feels more confident in one of the languages. They use this language for private or personal things. Sometimes a certain word doesn't exist in a language. In this case the speaker must switch languages. Or they switch languages so that they aren't understood. In that case code-switching works like a secret language. Earlier, mixing languages was criticized. It was thought that the speaker couldn't speak either language correctly. Today it is viewed differently. Code-switching is recognized as a special linguistic competence. It can be interesting to observe speakers using code-switching. Often, they don't just switch the language they're speaking. Other communicative elements change as well. Many speak faster, louder or more accentuated in the other language. Or they suddenly use more gestures and facial expressions. In this way, code-switching is always a little bit of culture-switching too…